Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: inhalation
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
23 Apr - 07 May 2010
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: see 'Remark'
Remarks:
GLP - Guideline study. According to the ECHA guidance document "Practical guide 6: How to report read-across and categories (March 2010)", the reliability was changed from RL1 to RL2 to reflect the fact that this study was conducted on a read-across substance.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2010
Report Date:
2010

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 436 (Acute Inhalation Toxicity: Acute Toxic Class Method)
Version / remarks:
adopted in 2009
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
acute toxic class method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Fatty acids, C18-unsaturated, dimers, 2-ethylhexyl esters
- Physical state: clear amber liquid
- Analytical purity: 100%
- Lot/batch No.: 1548
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 28 January 2011 (allocated by NOTOX, 1 year after receipt of the test substance)
- Storage condition of test material: RT in the dark

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
other: Crl:WI(Han)
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River Deutschland, Sulzfeld, Germany
- Age at study initiation: approximately 12 weeks
- Mean weight at study initiation: 349 g (males); 229 g (females)
- Housing: before exposure: Group housing of five animals per sex per cage in labelled Makrolon cages (type IV; height 18 cm) containing sterilised sawdust as bedding material (Litalabo, S.P.P.S., Argenteuil, France) and paper as cage-enrichment (Enviro-dri, Wm. Lillico & Son (Wonham Mill Ltd), Surrey, United Kingdom); after exposure: Group housing of maximally three animals per sex per cage as described above, except that a paper sheet was introduced into the cage covering the bedding and cage enrichment to prevent suffocation in case of bad health condition. At the end of the day of exposure the paper sheet was removed.
- Diet: pelleted rodent diet (SM R/M-Z from SSNIFF® Spezialdiäten GmbH, Soest, Germany, ad libitum except during exposure to the test substance.
- Water: tap water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 21.0 ± 3.0 (actual range: 19.8 – 21.4)
- Humidity (%): 40-70 (actual range: 37 - 60)
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
inhalation: aerosol
Type of inhalation exposure:
nose only
Vehicle:
air
Details on inhalation exposure:
GENERATION OF TEST ATMOSPHERE / CHAMBER DESCRIPTION
- Exposure apparatus: The design of the exposure chamber is based on the flow past nose-only inhalation chamber (Am. Ind. Hyg Assoc. J. 44(12): 923-928, 1983).
- Method of holding animals in test chamber: animal ports
- System of generating particulates/aerosols: An aerosol was generated by nebulization of the test substance by means of a nebulizer (type 950, Hospitak Inc., Lindenhurst, NY, USA)
- Method of particle size determination: Amounts of test substance collected were measured gravimetrically. Subsequently the Mass Median Aerodynamic Diameter (MMAD) and the Geometric Standard Deviation (GSD) were determined
- Treatment of exhaust air: From the exposure chamber the test atmosphere was passed through a filter before it was released to the exhaust of the fume hood.

TEST ATMOSPHERE
- Brief description of analytical method used: Samples were drawn through a glass fiber filter (type APFC04700, Millipore, Billerica, MA, USA). The collected amount of test substance in the air sample was measured gravimetrically. Sample volumes were measured by means of a dry gas meter (type G 1.6, Actaris Meterfabriek B.V., Dordrecht, The Netherlands).
- Samples taken from breathing zone: yes

VEHICLE
- Concentration of test material in vehicle: Since the substance was too viscous to be aerosolized, an acetone : test substance formulation (1 : 3 v/v) was prepared.
- Justification of choice of vehicle: Acetone (Acetone p.a.: Merck, Darmstadt) was selected as suitable vehicle based on trial formulation results.

TEST ATMOSPHERE
- MMAD (Mass median aerodynamic diameter) / GSD (Geometric st. dev.): The Mass Median Aerodynamic Diameter (MMAD) and geometric standard deviation (GSD) were determined twice. The MMAD was 3.0 µm and 3.3 µm respectively and the GSD was 1.9 and 2.0 respectively.

CLASS METHOD
- Rationale for the selection of the starting concentration: The target concentration was based on the hazard categories for dust and mists specified in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification of Chemicals (GHS), United Nations, New York and Geneva, 2003.
Analytical verification of test atmosphere concentrations:
yes
Remarks:
gravimetrically
Duration of exposure:
4 h
Concentrations:
9 mg/L (nominal concentration)
5.3 ± 0.5 mg/L (mean actual concentration)
The concentration was stable. The generation efficiency (ratio of actual and nominal concentration) was 59%.
No. of animals per sex per dose:
3
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: Mortality/Viability: Twice daily; Clinical signs during exposure: Three times during exposure for mortality, behavioural signs of distress and effects on respiration. Clinical signs after exposure: Twice (at 1 and at 3 hours after exposure) on the day of dosing (day 1) and once daily thereafter, until day 15. Body weights Days 1 (pre-administration), 2, 4, 8 and 15.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
Statistics:
No statistical analysis was performed (the method used was not intended to calculate a LC50 value).

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LC50
Effect level:
> 5.3 mg/L air (analytical)
Based on:
test mat.
Exp. duration:
4 h
Mortality:
No mortality occurred during the study period.
Clinical signs:
other: No clinical signs of toxicity were observed up to the end of the observation period.
Body weight:
Body weight gain in males and females was within the range expected for rats of this strain and age used in this type of study.
Gross pathology:
Necropsy and histopathological examination revealed no substance-related findings.

Any other information on results incl. tables

The inhalatory 4-h LC50value of Fatty acids, C18-unsaturated, dimers, 2-ethylhexyl esters in Wistar rats was established to exceed 5 mg/L.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
CLP: not classified
DSD: not classified