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Toxicological information

Acute Toxicity: oral

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Administrative data

acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
Experimental start date: 14 January 2021 - Experimental completion date: 02 February 2021
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
OECD 420, GLP.

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 420 (Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Method)
Version / remarks:
adopted 17 December 2001
The relative humidity in the animal room was between approximately 19-65% instead of 45-65% for several hours on several days due to a defective air humidifier. This deviation to the study plan, however, does not affect the validity of the study.
according to guideline
EU Method B.1 bis (Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Procedure)
Version / remarks:
Commission Regulation No. 440/2008, Part B, Method B.1 bis. Acute Oral Toxicity: Fixed Dose Procedure. 30 May 2008
The relative humidity in the animal room was between approximately 19-65% instead of 45-65% for several hours on several days due to a defective air humidifier. This deviation to the study plan, however, does not affect the validity of the study.
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Following a sighting test at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg b.w. in one female rat per dose group, a further group of four fasted females was given a single oral dose of Visiomer® 1,3-BDDMA, as a solution in corn oil, at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight. Clinical signs and body weight development were monitored in all animals during the study. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy.
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Test type:
fixed dose procedure

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
1-methyltrimethylene dimethacrylate
EC Number:
EC Name:
1-methyltrimethylene dimethacrylate
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:
4-[(2-methylprop-2-enoyl)oxy]butan-2-yl 2-methylprop-2-enoate
Test material form:
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Test sustance: Visiomer® 1,3-BDDMA; 1,3-Butanediol dimethacrylate

Test animals

Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
Test animals:
Strain: Wistar Han TM
Source: Janvier Labs, CS4105 Le Genest Saint Isle, 53941 Saint Berthevin Cedex / France
Sex: Female
Other: Females were nulliparous and non-pregnant
Number of animals for the pre-test: 1 female
Number of animals for the main study: 4 females at the maximum tolerated dose
Age (beginning of treatment): 8 - 12 weeks
Identification: The animals were distributed into the test groups at random. If possible, all animals belonging to the same experimental group were kept in one cage. The animals were individually marked by fur clippings. A colour-coded card was prepared for each project, giving details of the test type, project number, treatment start, dose level, sex and number of animals.
Acclimatization: At least 5 days prior to the start of dosing under test conditions after health examination. Only animals without any visible signs of illness were used for the study.

Housing: groups of one to five rats (of the same sex and dose group)
Cage Type: Makrolon Type IV, with wire mesh top
Bedding: granulated soft wood bedding
Feed: 2018C Teklad Global 18% protein rodent diet (certified), ad libitum (except for overnight fasting prior to dosing; diet was returned immediately after dosing was complete)
Water: tap water, ad libitum
Environment: temperature 22 +/- 2°C relative humidity approx. 45-65% (except for deviations) (with the aim of 50 – 60%) artificial light 6.00 a.m. - 6.00 p.m. ventilation: at least eight air changes per hour
Environmental enrichment: provided throughout the study period (e.g., wooden chew blocks, fun tunnels or suitable nesting material)

The test item was formulated at a concentration of 220 mg/mL in the vehicle and administered at a constant dose volume of 10 mL/kg body weight. Vortexing was used to formulate the test item.
Test substance formulations were freshly prepared on the day of dosing, issued at room temperature and administered as soon as possible (within 4 hours of preparation). The formulations were assumed to be stable for this period unless specified otherwise by the Sponsor.
Samples of test substance formulations were not taken for analysis and consequently the homogeneity, concentration and stability of the test item were not determined.

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
corn oil
2000 mg/kg
No. of animals per sex per dose:
Control animals:
Details on study design:
Serial Observations
Morbidity/Mortality Inspection and Clinical Observations
Clinical observations and inspections for morbidity / mortality were performed at least three times within the first six hours after application (i.e., 30 minutes and 1 hour, 2 hours and 4 hours after dosing), thereafter at least once daily for 14 days. All animals were observed for 14 days after dosing.
The nature and severity, where appropriate, of the clinical signs and the time were recorded at each observation for all individual animals. If applicable, the time of death/humane kill was recorded as precisely as possible. Observations included changes in the skin and fur, eyes and mucous membranes, and respiratory, circulatory, autonomic and central nervous system, and somatomotor activity and behavior pattern. Particular attention was directed to the observation of tremors, convulsions, salivation, diarrhea, lethargy, sleep and coma.

Fate of the Animals
Animals were sacrificed by carbon dioxide asphyxiation followed by cervical dislocation.

Determination of Body Weight
Body weights were recorded on Day 0 (prior to dosing), Day 7, and 14, or (if applicable) at death (unscheduled).

Terminal Investigations
A gross necropsy was performed on all animals that died or were humanely killed during the study (if applicable) and at the end of the in-life part. Any macroscopic abnormalities were recorded. Routinely no organs or tissues were retained.

Data evaluation
Evaluation of data includes the identification of the number of animals that died during the study (or that were killed for humane reasons), and determination of the nature, severity, onset and duration of the toxic effects. If possible, the signs of toxic effects of evident toxicity are described. Evident toxicity refers to the toxic effects of sufficient severity that administration of the next higher dose level could result in development of severe signs of toxicity and probable mortality. Effects on body weights and abnormalities noted at necropsy were identified.
Using the mortality data obtained, an estimate of the acute oral median lethal dose (LD50) of the test item was made.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Key result
Dose descriptor:
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Remarks on result:
other: LD50: 220 mg/mL (adjusted to purity with a correction factor of 1.10.)
There were no deaths during the study.

Individual Clinical Observations and Mortality Data – 2000 mg/kg
Dose Level Animal Number Effects Noted After Dosing Effects Noted During Period After Dosing (Days)
mg/kg and sex (hours) (days)
1/2 1 2 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

2000 Female 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Female 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Female 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Female 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Female 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 = No signs of systemic toxicity
Clinical signs:
other: There were no clinical signs of reaction to treatment throughout the study. There were no signs of systemic toxicity noted in the animals.
Other findings:
No relevant abnormalities were noted in any animal at the macroscopic examination at study termination on Day 14. The Peyer’s patches were enlarged in three out of five animals, however this was considered to be unspecific.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Classification based on the criteria of 286/2011/EU Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
The acute median lethal oral dose (LD50) to rats of Visiomer® 1,3-BDDMA was demonstrated to be greater than 2000 mg/kg body weight. No signs of relevant toxicity were observed.
The results of this study allow/warrant to classify Visiomer® 1,3-BDDMA with “Category 5/Unclassified”, according to the Globally Harmonised System (UN-GHS),
Executive summary:

In an acute oral toxicity study according to OECD 420 (Fixed dose method) with GLP, one group of female Wistar rats were given a single oral dose of 1,3 -Butanediol dimethacrylate (1,3 -BDDMA) at a dose level of  2000 mg/kg suspension in corn oil. The animals were observed for 14days.


Oral LD50 female= > 2000 mg/kg bw


1,3 -Butanediol dimethacrylate is oral practically non toxic in Wistar rats (EU GHS no category) based on this LD50test in female rats.

UN GHS: Category 5


The acute median lethal oral dose (LD50) to rats of Visiomer® 1,3-BDDMA was demonstrated to be greater than 2000 mg/kg body weight. No signs of relevant toxicity were observed.

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