Registration Dossier

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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

eye irritation: in vivo
Data waiving:
study scientifically not necessary / other information available
Justification for data waiving:
Justification for type of information:
There are substantial in vivo animal data on all industrially applied enzyme classes, as well as in vitro data performed before formal validation, for both skin and eye irritancy. These data document that enzymes are not irritating, with the exception of proteases. Non-proteases lack the potential to be skin and eye irritants but proteases show a range of effects from no irritation to moderate irritation. It is, however, only the most concentrated and reactive samples which show an effect which is transient in nature and commonly is classified as mild irritation (1; 2). This is also the outcome of clinical investigations (3; 4; 5), confirming that enzymes at the product use concentration, even with exaggerated exposures, do not give rise to any occupational or consumer risk of skin or eye irritation.

[1] AMFEP. Amfep paper on safety evaluation of technical enzyme products with regards to the REACH legislation. 2009. AMFEP.
[2] HERA Human and environmental risk assessment on ingredients of household cleaning products - alpha-amylases, cellulases and lipases. 2005.
[3] Basketter,D.A., English,J.S., Wakelin,S.H., and White,I.R. (2008) Enzymes, detergents and skin: facts and fantasies. British journal of dermatology 158, 1177-1181
[4] Griffith,J.F., Weaver,J.E., Whitehouse,H.S., Poole,R.L., and Newmann EANixon,G.A. (1969) SAFETY EVALUATION OF ENZYME DETERGENTS ORAL AND CUTANEOUS TOXICITY IRRITANCY AND SKIN SENSITIZATION STUDIES. Food and Cosmetics Toxicology 7, 581-593
[5] Cormier,E.M., Sarlo,K., Scott,L.A., MacKenzie,D.P., Payne,N.S., Carr,G.J., Smith,L.A., Cua-Lim,F., Bunag,F.C., and Vasunia,K. (2004) Lack of type 1 sensitization to laundry detergent enzymes among consumers in the Philippines: results of a 2-year study in atopic subjects. Annals of Allergy Asthma and Immunology 92, 549-557

Data source

Materials and methods

Results and discussion

Applicant's summary and conclusion