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Toxicological information

Skin sensitisation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin sensitisation: in vivo (non-LLNA)
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Guideline study, GLP

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2004
Report date:
2004

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 406 (Skin Sensitisation)
Version / remarks:
1992
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.6 (Skin Sensitisation)
Version / remarks:
1996
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Type of study:
guinea pig maximisation test
Justification for non-LLNA method:
The study was conducted prior to the availabilty of the LLNA skin sensitisation test.

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material: DOPA-Glycinate

In vivo test system

Test animals

Species:
guinea pig
Strain:
other: Pirbright white, Crl:HA
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River Deutschland GmbH, Kißlegg, Germany
- Age at study initiation: Not stated
- Weight at study initiation: Main test: 356–426 g (males); 344–383 g (females)
- Housing: 5/cage
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): pelleted diet, ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): tap water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: not stated

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 22±3
- Humidity (%): 30-70
- Air changes (per hr): ca. 16
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Study design: in vivo (non-LLNA)

Inductionopen allclose all
Route:
intradermal and epicutaneous
Vehicle:
petrolatum
Concentration / amount:
Intradermal: 0.5% test substance
Epicutaneous: 10% test substance
Challenge: 1% test substance in petrolatum
Challengeopen allclose all
Route:
epicutaneous, occlusive
Vehicle:
petrolatum
Concentration / amount:
Intradermal: 0.5% test substance
Epicutaneous: 10% test substance
Challenge: 1% test substance in petrolatum
No. of animals per dose:
test group: 5 males and 5 females
control group: 3 males and 2 females
Details on study design:
RANGE FINDING TESTS:
Intra-dermal injection of 5, 2.5 and 1% of the test substance caused skin reactions. At a concentration of 0.5% test substance no skin reactions were observed.
Dermal applications of 50, 25 and 5% of the test substance showed skin reactions. No skin reactions were observed after the dermal application of the test article at a concentration of 1%.

MAIN STUDY
A. INDUCTION EXPOSURE
Intradermal
- Test groups:
1) FCA 50% (v/v) diluted in aqua ad iniectabilia,
2) test substance 0.5% in aqua ad iniectabilia,
3) test substance 0.5% in aqua ad iniectabilia/FCA
- Control group:
1) FCA 50% (v/v) diluted in aqua ad iniectabilia,
2) aqua ad iniectabilia,
3) aqua ad iniectabilia 50% (v/v) diluted in FCA

Epicutaneous
- Exposure period: 48 h
- Test groups: 10% test substance in petrolatum
- Control group: vehicle
- pretreatment with 10% SDS to induce irritation

B. CHALLENGE EXPOSURE
- Day(s) of challenge: day 21
- Exposure period: 24 h
- Test groups: 1% test substance in petrolatum
- Control group: 1% test substance in petrolatum
- Evaluation (hr after challenge): 24, 48
Positive control substance(s):
yes
Remarks:
Benzocaine

Results and discussion

In vivo (non-LLNA)

Resultsopen allclose all
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
test chemical
Dose level:
1%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 1%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0.
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
1%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
5
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: negative control. Dose level: 1%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
test chemical
Dose level:
1%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 1%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
1%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
5
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: negative control. Dose level: 1%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not sensitising
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: other: CLP, EU GHS (Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008)
Conclusions:
DOPA-Glycinate was not a skin sensitizer in this GPMT test.
Executive summary:

The skin sensitizing potential of DOPA-Glycinate (100% a.i.) was tested in 10 Pirbright white Guinea pigs using the Guinea pig maximisation test, according to EC method B.6 (1996) and OECD guideline 406 (1992). The challenge concentration tested was 1% of the test item in petrolatum.

No deviations from the methods prescribed by the guideline were reported.

No allergic skin reactions occurred in test animals 24 and 48 h after the end of the challenge procedure with the test item at a concentration of 1% in petrolatum. The sensitisation rate was 0%.

Thus, DOPA-Glycinate was not a skin sensitizer in this GPMT test.