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Physical & Chemical properties

Flammability

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
flammable solids
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
15 May 2019 - 21 May 2019
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2019

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method A.10 (Flammability (Solids))
Version / remarks:
2008
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
UN Manual of Tests and Criteria: Test N.1 (Test method for readily combustible solids)
Version / remarks:
Recommendations on the TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS: Manual of Tests and Criteria, 6th edition, New York and Geneva, 2015
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Reference substance 001
Cas Number:
67-47-0
Molecular formula:
C6H6O3
impurity 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Fructose
EC Number:
200-333-3
EC Name:
Fructose
Cas Number:
57-48-7
Molecular formula:
C6H12O6
IUPAC Name:
D-fructose
impurity 2
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
1-(furan-2-yl)-2-hydroxyethanone
Cas Number:
17678-19-2
Molecular formula:
C6H6O3
IUPAC Name:
1-(furan-2-yl)-2-hydroxyethanone
impurity 3
Reference substance name:
Water
EC Number:
231-791-2
EC Name:
Water
Cas Number:
7732-18-5
Molecular formula:
H2O
IUPAC Name:
water
impurity 4
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Sodium formate
EC Number:
205-488-0
EC Name:
Sodium formate
Cas Number:
141-53-7
Molecular formula:
CH2O2.Na
IUPAC Name:
sodium formate
impurity 5
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Sodium nitrate
EC Number:
231-554-3
EC Name:
Sodium nitrate
Cas Number:
7631-99-4
Molecular formula:
HNO3.Na
IUPAC Name:
sodium nitrate
impurity 6
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Glucose
EC Number:
200-075-1
EC Name:
Glucose
Cas Number:
50-99-7
Molecular formula:
C6H12O6
IUPAC Name:
D-glucose
impurity 7
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Sodium acetate
EC Number:
204-823-8
EC Name:
Sodium acetate
Cas Number:
127-09-3
Molecular formula:
C2H4O2.Na
IUPAC Name:
sodium acetate
impurity 8
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
2-furaldehyde
EC Number:
202-627-7
EC Name:
2-furaldehyde
Cas Number:
98-01-1
Molecular formula:
C5H4O2
IUPAC Name:
2-furaldehyde
impurity 9
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Sodium 4-oxovalerate
EC Number:
243-378-4
EC Name:
Sodium 4-oxovalerate
Cas Number:
19856-23-6
Molecular formula:
C5H8O3.Na
IUPAC Name:
sodium 4-oxopentanoate
impurity 10
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Formaldehyde
EC Number:
200-001-8
EC Name:
Formaldehyde
Cas Number:
50-00-0
Molecular formula:
CH2O
IUPAC Name:
formaldehyde
Test material form:
solid: crystalline
Details on test material:
freeze-dried material
Batch: 1808A-RO-C-I1-FD-Chg#3
Appearance Crystal / brown
Storage: Refrigerator (2 - 8 °C)
Expiring date: 31 December 2019
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Storage Conditions: Dry, dark and cooled (2 °C to 8 °C)
Expiry Date: 2019-12-31

Results and discussion

Flammable solids
Key result
Test procedure:
burning rate test: preliminary screening test
Remarks on result:
substance does not ignite and propagate combustion either by burning with flame or smouldering along 200 mm of the powder train within the 2 minutes test period

Any other information on results incl. tables

Preliminary Test 

The test item did not ignite at room temperature using a flame as ignition source being applied for at least 2 minutes. The test item melted.

Main Test

In the preliminary test the test item could not be ignited by a flame. Therefore, the performance of the main test was not necessary.

Classification

The test item should not be classified by:

UN Transport Regulation: The test item does not have to be classified as readily combustible solid in Class 4, Division 4.1 according to the UN Transport Regulation.

GHS / CLP Regulation EC 1272/2008 Annex 1:2.7: The test item does not have to be classified as flammable solid according to GHS and EC 1272/2008 (CLP Regulation) Annex 1: 2.7.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not classified based on GHS criteria
Conclusions:
The test item 5-(Hydroxymethyl)furfural could not be ignited applying a flame as ignition source for at least 2 minutes. The test item melted.
The test item should not be classified neither as readily combustible solid in Class 4, Division 4.1 according to the UN Transport Regulation nor as flammable solid according to GHS / CLP Regulation EC 1272/2008 Annex 1: 2.7.
Executive summary:

The test item 5-(Hydroxymethyl)furfural could not be ignited applying a flame as ignition source for at least 2 minutes. The test item melted.

The test item should not be classified neither as readily combustible solid in Class 4, Division 4.1 according to the UN Transport Regulation nor as flammable solid according to GHS / CLP Regulation EC 1272/2008 Annex 1: 2.7.