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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2010-03-02
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2010
Report date:
2010

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: OECD Guideline 437
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Remarks:
not signed

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Reaction products of methacrylic acid and 2,2'-[(1-methylethylidene)bis(4,1-phenyleneoxymethylene)]bisoxirane
EC Number:
701-308-4
Cas Number:
36425-15-7
Molecular formula:
Not applicable UVCB substance.
IUPAC Name:
Reaction products of methacrylic acid and 2,2'-[(1-methylethylidene)bis(4,1-phenyleneoxymethylene)]bisoxirane
Details on test material:
Approximately 80% BisGMA
13 % Polymeric methacrylates

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
other: Cow
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
Eyes from cattles were used same days as they were slaughtered

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
yes, concurrent vehicle
Amount / concentration applied:
1122 mg and 2484 mg
Duration of treatment / exposure:
Corneas were pre-incubated for 1 hour minimum at 32 C. Exposure time was 10 minutes. After exposure the cornea was rinsed to remove the test substance, and incubated for 2 hours for opacity measurement. The permeability was measured after 90 minutes incubation with sodium flourescein
Observation period (in vivo):
Corneas were incubated for 2 hours after exposure for opacity measurement, and 90 minutes for permeability testing
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 eyes for negative, positive, positive on gauze pacth and the test substance, respectively.
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): Done after exposure time
- Time after start of exposure:

SCORING SYSTEM: Opacity was measured using an opacitometer (OP-KIT,MC2, Clermont, France)

TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: fluorescein

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
other: Mean Opacity
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 2 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Reversibility:
fully reversible
Irritation parameter:
other: Mean Permeability
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: 90 minutes
Score:
0.011
Max. score:
0.015
Irritant / corrosive response data:
The In Vitro Irritancy score (IVIS) were calculated to 0.2. According to OECD Guideline 437 a substance has to induce a IVIS more or equal to 55.1 in order to be defined as corrosive or severe irritant. The positive controls induced a IVIS at 147 and 134, respectively, where as the negative control induced a IVIS at 0.0, conclusively the tested substance was similar to the negative control.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: OECD GHS
Conclusions:
Small Vinyl Ester was tested for eye irritating potential and permeability, following OECD Guideline 437. The substance obtained values similar to the negative control, thus Small Vinyl Ester is considered a non irritant.
Executive summary:

Small Vinyl Ester was tested for eye irritating potential and permeability, following OECD Guideline 437. Data for the negative and positive controls showed validity of the test system. Small Vinyl Ester obtained values for both Opacity and Permeability, similar to the negative control. The obtained In Vitro Irritancy Score (IVIS) was 0.2, whereas according to the OECD Guideline 437, a substance has to obtain a IVIS at 55.1 or more in order to be defined as a corrosive or irritant. In can therefore be concluded that Small Vinyl Ester is not an irritant when tested according to OECD Guideline 437.