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Vapour pressure

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Endpoint:
vapour pressure
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
EPI Suite version 4.11

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
Mpbpwin v. 1.43

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Any other information on results incl. tables".

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: EPI Suite v4.11
- Model(s) used: Mpbpwin Model version 1.43
The model estimates vapour pressure by three different methods:
- the Antoine equation (Lyman WJ, Reehl WF and Rosenblatt DH. 1990. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society);
- the Modified Grain Method (Lyman WJ. 1985. In: Environmental Exposure From Chemicals. Volume I. Neely WB and Blau GE (eds). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Inc., Chapter 2);
- the Mackay Method (Lyman WJ. 1985. In: Environmental Exposure From Chemicals. Volume I. Neely WB and Blau GE (eds). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Inc.).
MPBPWIN selects a “suggested” vapour pressure: the modified Grain for solids and the average of the Antoine and the modified Grain for liquids and gases.
A dataset of 3037 compounds with experimentally determined vapour pressure values has been used to evaluate the model (using the “suggested” values as outcome), giving a correlation coefficient of 0.914. The evaluation clearly shows that the model reliability decrease for vapour pressure below 0.0001 Pa.
The dataset contains 1642 compounds with available experimental Boiling points and Melting points. The correlation coefficient evaluated on this subset (0.949) indicates that VP estimates are more accurate when experimental BP and MP are available.

- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'any other information on Material and methods'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and/or 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Temp.:
25 °C
Vapour pressure:
< 0 Pa

A vapour pressure of 1.45E-9 Pa was calculated by the Mpbpwin model (Modified Grain Method). Based on this value, a vapour pressure < 0.0001 Pa is used as final result for this molecule.

QSAR result: transition/decomposition is not specified/reported. For detailed description of the model and its applicability, see "Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables”

Endpoint:
vapour pressure
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
EPI Suite version 4.11

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
Mpbpwin v. 1.43

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Any other information on results incl. tables".

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: EPI Suite v4.11
- Model(s) used: Mpbpwin Model version 1.43
The model estimates vapour pressure by three different methods:
- the Antoine equation (Lyman WJ, Reehl WF and Rosenblatt DH. 1990. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society);
- the Modified Grain Method (Lyman WJ. 1985. In: Environmental Exposure From Chemicals. Volume I. Neely WB and Blau GE (eds). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Inc., Chapter 2);
- the Mackay Method (Lyman WJ. 1985. In: Environmental Exposure From Chemicals. Volume I. Neely WB and Blau GE (eds). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Inc.).
MPBPWIN selects a “suggested” vapour pressure: the modified Grain for solids and the average of the Antoine and the modified Grain for liquids and gases.
A dataset of 3037 compounds with experimentally determined vapour pressure values has been used to evaluate the model (using the “suggested” values as outcome), giving a correlation coefficient of 0.914. The evaluation clearly shows that the model reliability decrease for vapour pressure below 0.0001 Pa.
The dataset contains 1642 compounds with available experimental Boiling points and Melting points. The correlation coefficient evaluated on this subset (0.949) indicates that VP estimates are more accurate when experimental BP and MP are available.

- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'any other information on Material and methods'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and/or 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Temp.:
25 °C
Vapour pressure:
< 0 Pa

A vapour pressure of 7.16E-15 Pa was calculated by the Mpbpwin model (Modified Grain Method). Based on this value, a vapour pressure < 0.0001 Pa is used as final result for this molecule.

QSAR result: transition/decomposition is not specified/reported. For detailed description of the model and its applicability, see "Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables”

Endpoint:
vapour pressure
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
EPI Suite version 4.11

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
Mpbpwin v. 1.43

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Any other information on results incl. tables".

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: EPI Suite v4.11
- Model(s) used: Mpbpwin Model version 1.43
The model estimates vapour pressure by three different methods:
- the Antoine equation (Lyman WJ, Reehl WF and Rosenblatt DH. 1990. Handbook of Chemical Property Estimation Methods. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society);
- the Modified Grain Method (Lyman WJ. 1985. In: Environmental Exposure From Chemicals. Volume I. Neely WB and Blau GE (eds). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Inc., Chapter 2);
- the Mackay Method (Lyman WJ. 1985. In: Environmental Exposure From Chemicals. Volume I. Neely WB and Blau GE (eds). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Inc.).
MPBPWIN selects a “suggested” vapour pressure: the modified Grain for solids and the average of the Antoine and the modified Grain for liquids and gases.
A dataset of 3037 compounds with experimentally determined vapour pressure values has been used to evaluate the model (using the “suggested” values as outcome), giving a correlation coefficient of 0.914. The evaluation clearly shows that the model reliability decrease for vapour pressure below 0.0001 Pa.
The dataset contains 1642 compounds with available experimental Boiling points and Melting points. The correlation coefficient evaluated on this subset (0.949) indicates that VP estimates are more accurate when experimental BP and MP are available.

- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'any other information on Material and methods'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and/or 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Temp.:
25 °C
Vapour pressure:
< 0 Pa

A vapour pressure of 2.19E-20 Pa was calculated by the Mpbpwin model (Modified Grain Method). Based on this value, a vapour pressure < 0.0001 Pa is used as final result for this molecule.

QSAR result: transition/decomposition is not specified/reported. For detailed description of the model and its applicability, see "Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables”

Description of key information

Vapour pressure < 0.0001 Pa (QSAR, EPI Suite version 4.11 - Mpbpwin version 1.43)

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

Explanation of the results

Three representative structures have been used for the (Q)SAR evaluation of the vapour pressure. The Mpbpwin model v. 1.43 included in the EPI Suite software v. 4.11 was selected. The results of the evaluation are summarized in the following table.

 

 

C16-Alkoxymethyl

C16_C18-Alkoxymethyl

C16_C18_C18-Alkoxymethyl

Molecular weight

600.85

839.3

1077.76

Vapour pressure

(QSAR, EPI Suite - Mpbpwin)

1.45E-09 Pa

7.16E-15 Pa

2.19E-20 Pa

Vapour pressure

Final evaluation

< 0.0001 Pa

 

According to the information provided with the model “Currently there is no universally accepted definition of model domain” and “The complete training sets for MPBPWIN's estimation methodology are not available. Therefore, describing a precise estimation domain for this methodology is not possible”. However, the model’s performance was tested on a dataset of 3037 compounds with known, experimental vapour pressure values. The results indicated that the estimation error increases as the vapor pressure (both experimental and estimated) decreases, especially when the vapor pressure decreases below 0.0001333 Pascal.

 

Considering the results of the validation, and the vapour pressure estimated for the representative constituents, a vapour pressure < 0.0001 Pa can be considered as a reasonable estimation for the whole target substance.