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Administrative data

First-aid measures


Description of necessary first-aid measures

General advice

Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

If inhaled

Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Refer immediately for medical attention.

In case of skin contact

First rinse with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, then remove contaminated clothes and rinse again. See Notes. Refer immediately for medical attention.

In case of eye contact

Rinse with plenty of water (remove contact lenses if easily possible). Refer immediately for medical attention.

If swallowed

Rinse mouth. Give nothing to drink. Do NOT induce vomiting. Refer immediately for medical attention.


Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

Target organs affected include central nervous system; respiratory system; skin and eyes. Chronic exposure in humans may cause pneumonia, liver and kidney damage. Liver damage may be more severe than kidney damage. It is a suspected human carcinogen. (EPA, 1998)

Excerpt from ERG Guide 132 [Flammable Liquids - Corrosive]: May cause toxic effects if inhaled or ingested/swallowed. Contact with substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. (ERG, 2016)

Excerpt from ERG Guide 152 [Substances - Toxic (Combustible)]: Highly toxic, may be fatal if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through skin. Contact with molten substance may cause severe burns to skin and eyes. Avoid any skin contact. Effects of contact or inhalation may be delayed. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may be corrosive and/or toxic and cause pollution. (ERG, 2016)


Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

Specific treatment for exposure consists of thorough washing of all exposed skin areas with soap and water, copious irrigation of the eyes, and prompt removal of the patient from the source of exposure. /Hydrazines/

Fire-fighting measures


Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media

If material on fire or involved in fire: Extinguish fire using agent suitable for type of surrounding fire. (Material itself does not burn or burns with difficulty.) Keep run-off water out of sewers and water sources. /Hydrazine, aqueous solution/


Specific hazards arising from the chemical

It is a flammable/combustible material and may be ignited by heat, sparks, or flames. Vapor may travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Container may explode in heat of fire. Vapor explosion and poison hazard indoors, outdoors, or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Vapors form explosive mixtures with air. May continue to burn in the absence of air. Decomposition gives off toxic nitrogen compound fumes. Can catch fire when in contact with porous materials such as wood, asbestos, cloth, earth, and rusty metals. Incompatible with oxidizers, hydrogen peroxide, nitric acid, metal oxides, and strong acids. Hazardous polymerization may not occur. (EPA, 1998)

Excerpt from ERG Guide 132 [Flammable Liquids - Corrosive]: Flammable/combustible material. May be ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water. (ERG, 2016)

Excerpt from ERG Guide 152 [Substances - Toxic (Combustible)]: Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may pollute waterways. Substance may be transported in a molten form. (ERG, 2016)


Special protective actions for fire-fighters

Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

Accidental release measures


Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.


Environmental precautions

Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: complete protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Collect leaking liquid in sealable non-metallic containers. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations. Do NOT absorb in saw-dust or other combustible absorbents.


Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

Hydrazine removal from nuclear power plant wastewater using activated carbon and copper ion catalysts.

Handling and storage


Precautions for safe handling

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.


Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Fireproof. Separated from acids, metals, oxidants and food and feedstuffs. Keep under inert gas. Provision to contain effluent from fire extinguishing. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.It should be stored in glass containers in a cool, dark place. ...It is usually stored under nitrogen to reduce the flammability hazard and to maintain purity.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection


Control parameters

Occupational Exposure limit values

NIOSH considers hydrazine to be a potential occupational carcinogen.

Recommended Exposure Limit: 2-Hr Ceiling Value: 0.03 ppm (0.04 mg/cu m).

Biological limit values

no data available


Appropriate engineering controls

Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.


Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

Eye/face protection

Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

Skin protection

Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

Respiratory protection

Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

Thermal hazards

no data available

Stability and reactivity



no data available


Chemical stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.


Possibility of hazardous reactions

Hydrazine vapor is exceptionally hazardous in that once it is ignited it will continue to burn by exothermic decomposition in complete absence of air or other oxidant.HYDRAZINE is a powerful reducing agent. May ignite spontaneously if mixed with hydrogen peroxide or with nitric acid. Decomposes with flame on contact with many metallic oxide surfaces [Haz. Chem. Data(1966)]. While boiling a piece of polyester fiber in hydrazine in a glass beaker, a technician put a somewhat rusty pair of metal tweezers into the hydrazine, which then ignited [MCA Case History 1893 (1973)]. Forms explosive metal hydrazides when mixed with alkali metals in presence of ammonia [Mellor 8, Supp. 2:95(1967)]. During the measurement of the shock sensitivity of a mixture containing hydrazine, a drop of the mixture fell on a tetryl explosive. The tetryl immediately burst into flames [ASESB 105]. Ignites spontaneously if mixed with nitrous oxide [Mellor 8, Supp. 2:214(1967)]. Reacts explosively with potassium and sodium dichromate [Mellor 11:234(1946-1947)].


Conditions to avoid

no data available


Incompatible materials

Residue from dehydrating hydrazine with barium or calcium oxide slowly decomposes exothermically in daylight and finally explodes.


Hazardous decomposition products

When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of /nitrogen oxide/ and /ammonia/.

Disposal considerations

Disposal methods


The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

Contaminated packaging

Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

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