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Toxicological information

Skin sensitisation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin sensitisation: in vivo (LLNA)
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
From 2015-11-02 to 2015-09-30
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2016
Report Date:
2016

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 429 (Skin Sensitisation: Local Lymph Node Assay)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.42 (Skin Sensitisation: Local Lymph Node Assay)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Type of study:
mouse local lymph node assay (LLNA)

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Details on test material:
- Name of the test material (as cited in study reports): JNJ-63757109-AAA (T003690)
- Physical state: solid (powder)
- Appearance: white to slightly yellow power
Specific details on test material used for the study:
SOURCE OF TEST MATERIAL
- Source and lot/batch No.of test material: I15HD2977
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 10 August 2017 (retest date)
- Purity: 99% (HPLC)


STABILITY AND STORAGE CONDITIONS OF TEST MATERIAL
- Storage condition of test material: at room temperature
- Stability under test conditions: not indicated
- Solubility and stability of the test substance in the solvent/vehicle: not indicated

OTHER SPECIFICS:
The test item preparations (w/w) were prepared within 4 hours prior to each dosing. No adjustment was made for specific gravity of the vehicle. Homogeneity was assessed by visual inspection of the solutions.
Correction of the purity/composition of the test item is not applicable, since the test method requires a logical concentration range rather than specific dose levels to be dosed.

In vivo test system

Test animals

Species:
mouse
Strain:
CBA
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: female (nulliparous and non-pregnant) mice, CBA/J strain, inbred, SPF-Quality from Janvier, Le Genest-Saint-Isle, France
- Age at study initiation: approx. 10 weeks old
- Weight at study initiation: 20,2 - 22,6 grams (prescreen), 19,6 - 24,1 grams (main study)
- Housing: group housed in labeled Makrolon cages (MIII type; height 18 cm) containing sterilised sawdust as bedding material . Paper and shelters were supplied as cage-enrichment. On day 6, the animals were group housed in Makrolon MII type cages with a sheet of paper instead of sawdust and cage enrichment.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum, pelleted rodent diet
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum, tap water
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days before the start of treatment, under laboratory conditions

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 18 - 24°C
- Humidity (%): 40 - 70%
- Air changes (per hr): at least 10 air changes/hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

IN-LIFE DATES: From 2015-09-30 to 2015-11-02

Study design: in vivo (LLNA)

Vehicle:
propylene glycol
Concentration:
0, 2, 25 and 50% (w/w)
No. of animals per dose:
5 females per group; 4 groups
Details on study design:
RANGE FINDING TESTS:
- A pre-screen test was conducted in order to select the highest test item concentration to be used in the main study. In principle, this highest concentration should cause no systemic toxicity, may give well-defined irritation as the most pronounced response (maximum grade 2 and/or an increase in ear thickness < 25%) and/or is the highest possible concentration that can technically be applied.
- Two test item concentrations were tested; a 25% and 50% concentration. The highest concentration was the maximum concentration as required in the test guidelines (50% for solids).
- The test system, procedures and techniques were identical as those used in the main study except that the assessment of lymph node proliferation and necropsy were not performed. Two young adult animals per concentration were selected. Each animal was treated with one concentration on three consecutive days. Animals were group housed in labeled Makrolon cages (MII type, height 14 cm). Ear thickness measurements were conducted using a digital thickness gauge (Kroeplin C110T-K) prior to dosing on days 1 and 3, and on Day 6.

MAIN STUDY
ANIMAL ASSIGNMENT AND TREATMENT - INDUCTION days 1, 2, 3
- Three groups of five animals were treated with one test item concentration per group. The highest test item concentration was selected from the pre-screen test. One group of five animals was treated with vehicle.
- The dorsal surface of both ears was topically treated (25 μL/ear) with the test item, at approximately the same time on each day for three consecutive days. The concentrations were stirred with a magnetic stirrer immediately prior to dosing.
- The control animals were treated in the same way as the experimental animals, except that the vehicle was administered instead of the test item.
- Criteria used to consider a positive response: A Stimulation Index (SI) is calculated for each group using the individual SI values. The individual SI is the ratio of the DPM/animal compared to DPM/vehicle control group. If the results indicate a SI ≥ 3, the test item may be regarded as a skin sensitizer.
The results were evaluated according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) of the United Nations (2011) (including all amendments) and the Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, including all amendments. Consideration was given to the EC3 value (the estimated test item concentration that will give a SI =3).
Classification of results: UN-GHS 2007; EC-CLP 2008 EC Hazard statement
SI < 3 No sensitizer -
SI ≥ 3 Cat 1 Skin sensitizer H317: May cause an allergic skin reaction
EC3 value ≤ 2%: sub-category 1A
EC3 value ≥ 2%: sub-category 1B

EXCISION OF THE NODES - day 6
- Each animal was injected via the tail vein with 0.25 mL of sterile phosphate buffered saline (PBS) (Merck, Darmstadt, Germany) containing 20 μCi of ³H-methyl thymidine (PerkinElmer Life and Analytical Sciences, Boston, MA, US).
- After five hours, all animals were killed by intraperitoneal injection (0.2 mL/animal) of Euthasol® 20% (AST Farma BV, Oudewater, The Netherlands). The draining (auricular) lymph node of each ear was excised. The relative size of the nodes (as compared to normal) was estimated by visual examination and abnormalities of the nodes and surrounding area were recorded. The nodes were pooled for each animal in approximately 3 mL PBS.

TISSUE PROCESSING FOR RADIOACTIVITY - day 6
- Following excision of the nodes, a single cell suspension of lymph node cells (LNC) was prepared in PBS by gentle separation through stainless steel gauze (diameter 125 μm). LNC were washed twice with an excess of PBS by centrifugation at 200g for 10 minutes at 4ºC. To precipitate the DNA, the LNC were exposed to 5% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) (Merck, Darmstadt, Germany) and then stored in the refrigerator until the next day.

RADIOACTIVITY MEASUREMENTS - day 7
- Precipitates were recovered by centrifugation, resuspended in 1 mL TCA and transferred to 10 mL of Ultima Gold cocktail (PerkinElmer Life and Analytical Sciences, Boston, MA, US) as the scintillation fluid. Radioactivity measurements were performed using a Packard scintillation counter (2800TR). Counting time was to a statistical precision of ± 0.2% or a maximum of 5 minutes whichever came first. The scintillation counter was programmed to automatically subtract background and convert Counts Per Minute (CPM) to Disintegrations Per Minute (DPM).

TREATMENT PREPARATION AND ADMINISTRATION:
- The test item preparations (w/w) were prepared within 4 hours prior to each dosing.
- No adjustment was made for specific gravity of the vehicle.
- Homogeneity was assessed by visual inspection of the solutions. Correction of the purity/composition of the test item is not applicable, since the test method requires a logical concentration range rather than specific dose levels to be dosed.
Positive control substance(s):
hexyl cinnamic aldehyde (CAS No 101-86-0)

Results and discussion

Positive control results:
5, 10 and 25%: 1.7, 3.0 and 9.1 respectively. An EC3 value of 10% was calculated using linear interpolation. The calculated EC3 value was found to be in the acceptable range of 4.8 and 19.5%. The results of the 6 monthly HCA reliability checks of the recent years were 16.5, 14.5, 13.4, 14.1, 17.3 and 9.8%.
The six-month reliability check with Alpha-hexylcinnamaldehyde indicates that the Local Lymph Node Assay as performed at WIL Research Europe is an appropriate model for testing for contact hypersensitivity.

In vivo (LLNA)

Resultsopen allclose all
Parameter:
SI
Value:
1.4
Variability:
± 0.3
Test group / Remarks:
2%
Parameter:
SI
Value:
1
Variability:
± 0.3
Test group / Remarks:
25%
Parameter:
SI
Value:
1
Variability:
± 0.3
Test group / Remarks:
50%
Cellular proliferation data / Observations:
CELLULAR PROLIFERATION DATA
mean DPM ± SEM
Vehicle control: 624 ± 72 DPM
2% (w/w): 856 ± 150 DPM
25% (w/w): 615 ± 193 DPM
50% (w/w): 627 ± 145 DPM
DPM = Disintegrations per minute
SEM = Standard Error of the Mean

DETAILS ON STIMULATION INDEX CALCULATION : DPM values are presented for each animal and for each dose group. A Stimulation Index (SI) is calculated for each group using the individual SI values. The individual SI is the ratio of the DPM/animal compared to DPM/vehicle control group.

EC3 CALCULATION : indication that the test item elicited a SI ≥ 3

CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS:
- Skin reactions / Irritation: No irritation of the ears was observed in any of the animals examined. White staining of test item remnants on the dorsal surface of the ears of the animals treated at 25% and 50%, between Days 1 and 3, did not hamper scoring of erythema.
- Systemic toxicity: No mortality occurred and no clinical signs of systemic toxicity were observed in the animals of the main study.
- Macroscopy of the auricular lymph nodes and surrounding area: All auricular lymph nodes of the animals of the experimental and control groups were considered normal in size. No macroscopic abnormalities of the surrounding area were noted for any of the animals.

BODY WEIGHTS
Body weights and body weight gain of experimental animals remained in the same range as controls over the study period.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
Since there was no indication that the test item elicited a SI ≥ 3 when tested up to 50%, JNJ-63757109-AAA (T003690) was not considered to be a skin sensitizer.