Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2018

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.13/14 (Mutagenicity - Reverse Mutation Test Using Bacteria)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
liquid

Method

Species / strainopen allclose all
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 97
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 98
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 100
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 102
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
Rat Liver S9-Mix
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
The following nominal concentrations were prepared for the first experiment:
5000 µg/plate, 1500 µg/plate, 500 µg/plate, 150 µg/plate and 50 µg/plate

The following nominal concentrations were prepared for the second experiment:
5000 µg/plate, 2500 µg/plate, 1250 µg/plate, 625 µg/plate, 313 µg/plate and 156 µg/plate
Vehicle / solvent:
Demineralized Water
Controls
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
True negative controls:
no
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
sodium azide
benzo(a)pyrene
other: 2-Aminoanthracene, 4-Nitro-1,2-phenylenediamine
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
NUMBER OF REPLICATIONS: 3 per concentration

METHOD OF TREATMENT/ EXPOSURE:

First experiment:
Concentrations tested 5000 / 1500 / 500 / 150 / 50 µg/plate
Incubation time 48 h
Incubation temperature 37 ±1 °C
Tested strains TA97a, TA98, TA100, TA102, TA1535
Method plate incorporation method

econd Experiment
Concentrations tested 5000 / 2500 / 1250 / 625 / 313 / 157 µg/plate
Incubation time 48 h
Incubation temperature 37 ±1 °C
Tested strains TA97a, TA98, TA100, TA102, TA1535
Method pre-incubation method


Results and discussion

Test results
Key result
Species / strain:
other: All strains tested
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
The study procedures described in this report were based on the most recent OECD and EC guidelines.
Based on the results of this study it is concluded that 3,3'-Oxybis-1-propanol is not mutagenic in the Salmonella typhimurium strains TA97a, TA98, TA100, TA102 and TA1535 in the absence and presence of metabolic activation under the experimental conditions in this study.
Executive summary:

The test item 3,3'-Oxybis-1-propanol was tested in the Salmonella typhimurium reverse mutation assay with five strains of Salmonella typhimurium (TA97a, TA98, TA100, TA102 and TA1535).

The test was performed in two experiments in the presence and absence of metabolic activation, with +S9 standing for presence of metabolic activation, and –S9 standing for absence of metabolic activation.

Experiment 1:

In the first experiment, the test item (dissolved in demin. water) was tested up to concen-trations of 5000 µg/plate in the absence and presence of S9-mix in the strains TA97a, TA98, TA100, TA102 and TA1535 using the plate incorporation method.

The test item showed no precipitates on the plates at any of the concentrations.

The bacterial background lawn was not reduced at any of the concentrations and no rele-vant decrease in the number of revertants was observed in all bacteria strains. The test item showed no signs of toxicity towards the bacteria strains in both the absence and presence of metabolic activation.

The results of this experiment showed that none of the tested concentrations showed a significant increase in the number of revertants in all tested strains, in the presence and the absence of metabolic activation.

Experiment 2:

Based on the results of the first experiment, the test item was tested up to concentrations of 5000 µg/plate in the absence and presence of S9-mix in all bacteria strains using the pre-incubation method.

The test item showed no precipitates on the plates at any of the concentrations.

The bacterial background lawn was not reduced at any of the concentrations and no rele-vant decrease in the number of revertants was observed in all bacteria strains. The test item showed no signs of toxicity towards the bacteria strains in both the absence and presence of metabolic activation.

The results of this experiments showed that the test item caused no increase in the num-ber of revertants in all bacteria strains compared to the solvent control, in both the ab-sence and presence of metabolic activation. The test item did not induce a dose-related increase in the number of revertants colonies in all strains, in the presence and absence of metabolic activation.