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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
study well documented, meets generally accepted scientific principles, acceptable for assessment
Justification for type of information:
data is from experimental reports

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2013
Report Date:
2014

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Principles of method if other than guideline:
The acute eye irritation study of the test chemical was conducted in New Zealand White Rabbits as per the OECD- 405 Guideline
GLP compliance:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (IUPAC name): aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex
- Molecular formula: C16H9AlN2O7S2
- Molecular weight: 432.368 g/mol
- Smiles notation: c12c(cc(S(=O)(=O)[O-])cc2)ccc(c1\N=N\c1ccc(S(=O)(=O)[O-])cc1)[O-].[Al+3]
- InChl: 1S/C16H12N2O7S2.Al/c19-15-8-1-10-9-13(27(23,24)25)6-7-14(10)16(15)18-17-11-2-4-12(5-3-11)26(20,21)22;/h1-9,19H,(H,20,21,22)(H,23,24,25);/q;+3/p-3/b18-17+;
- Substance type: Organic
- Physical state: Solid

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
Details on test animals:
- Age: 10 to 12 weeks
- Sex: Female
- Body weight range: 2.0kg ±200g
- Housing: Rabbit was housed in stainless steel cages provided with stainless steel mesh bottom and facilities for food and water bottle.
- Diet:Pelleted feed supplied by Pranav agro Industries Ltd., B7/6 Ramesh Nagar, Delhi, India
- Water:Community tap water passed through ‘Aqua Guard on line water filter’ was kept in bottles, ad libitum.
- Acclimatization: The rabbit was acclimatized to standard laboratory condition for 24 hours in experimental room before study.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature:temperature between 22-250C
- Humidity (%):relative humidity 40-60%
- Air changes (per hr):Air conditioned room with 10-15 air changes per hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light):illumination cycle set to 12 hours artificial fluorescent light and 12 hours dark.


HUSBANDRY
Environmental conditions :Air conditioned rooms with 10-15 air changes per hour, temperature between 19-25 0C, relative humidity 30-60% and illumination cycle set to 12 hours artificial fluorescent light and 12 hours dark.
Accommodation Animals were housed individually in stainless steel cages provided with stainless steel mesh bottom and facilities for food and water bottle.
Diet : Pelleted feed supplied by Pranav agro Industries Ltd., B7/6 Ramesh Nagar, Delhi, India
Water : Community tap water passed through ‘Aqua Guard on line water filter’, was kept in glass bottles,mad-libitum

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
yes
Amount / concentration applied:
100mg (0.1g)
Duration of treatment / exposure:
24 hours
Observation period (in vivo):
The eyes were examined at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after test substance application
Duration of post- treatment incubation (in vitro):
no data available
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 female rabbits
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): not washed
SCORING SYSTEM:Scale of weighted scores for grading the severity of ocular lesions developed by Draize et al
TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: hand-slit lamp / biomicroscope / fluorescein: hand-slit lamp
Examination of reactions was facilitated by use of biomicroscope and hand slit lamp. After recording the observations at 24 hours, the eyes were further examined with the aid of fluorescein.

Results and discussion

In vitro

Other effects / acceptance of results:
no data available

In vivo

Results
Irritation parameter:
overall irritation score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
72 h
Score:
0
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
The test compound when applied to the eye of New Zealand white rabbit at the dose level of 0.1gm did not produce any lesions such as pannus, staining throughout the observation period of 72 hours.
Other effects:
The test compound applied in conjunctival sac of rabbits did not show any observable clinical signs of eye irritation throughout the observation period of 21 days.

Any other information on results incl. tables

TABLE- 1     GRADING OF OCULAR LESIONS

 

S.NO/

SEX

 

OBSERVATION

Score

Total

Total Score

1/F

 

1 hr

24hrs

48 hrs

72 hrs

Cornea

A.       Opacity-Degree of Density

0

0

0

0

0

0×0×5=0

B.       Area of Cornea Involved

0

0

0

0

0

Iris

A.       Values

0

0

0

0

0

0

Conjunctivae

A.       Redness

1

0

0

0

1

0+0+0×5=5

B.       Chemosis

0

0

0

0

0

C.       Discharge 

0

0

0

0

0

2/F

Cornea

A.       Opacity-Degree of Density

0

0

0

0

0

0×0×5=0

B.       Area of Cornea Involved

0

0

0

0

0

Iris

A.       Values

0

0

0

0

0

0

Conjunctivae

A.       Redness

1

0

0

0

1

0+0+0×5=5

B.       Chemosis

0

0

0

0

0

C.       Discharge 

0

0

0

0

0

3/F

Cornea

A.       Opacity-Degree of Density

0

0

0

0

0

0×0×5=0

B.       Area of Cornea Involved

0

0

0

0

0

Iris

A.       Values

0

0

0

0

0

0

Conjunctivae

A.       Redness

1

0

0

0

1

0+0+0×5=5

B.       Chemosis

0

0

0

0

0

C.       Discharge 

0

0

0

0

0

Grand total

0.00

Mean

0.00

Eye Irritation Scoring index

0.00

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
other: not irritating
Conclusions:
The overall irritation index of the test chemical was 0.0 after 72 hours. Also the test chemical did not produce any clinical signs of toxicity throughout the examination period of 21 days.
Hence, under the test conditions, the test chemical can be concluded to be not irritating to New Zealand White rabbit eyes.
Executive summary:

An ocular irritation study was conducted on New Zealand white rabbits in accordance with OECD 405 to assess the irritation parameter of the test chemical. 3 female New Zealand White rabbits were used for the study. 0.1g of the undiluted test chemical was instilled in the conjunctival sac of rabbits after gently pulling the lower lid away from the eyeball. The other eye which remained untreated served as a control. The ocular lesions were evaluated at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after the treatment. The grades of ocular reactions (conjunctiva, cornea and iris) were recorded at each observation. To determine the reversibility of the effect the animals were observed normally for 21 days. Any other lesions in the eye viz pannus, staining were observed and scored accordingly. Examination of reactions was facilitated by use of biomicroscope and hand slit lamp. Individual animal weights before and during the study was observed.

The overall irritation index of the test chemical was 0.0 after 72 hours.

Also the test chemical did not produce any clinical signs of toxicity throughout the examination period of 21 days.

Hence, under the test conditions, the test chemical can be concluded  to be not irritating to New Zealand White rabbit eyes.