Registration Dossier

Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

Hazard for aquatic organisms

Freshwater

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Marine water

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no data: aquatic toxicity unlikely

STP

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no data: aquatic toxicity unlikely

Sediment (freshwater)

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Sediment (marine water)

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Hazard for air

Air

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Hazard for terrestrial organisms

Soil

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Hazard for predators

Secondary poisoning

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no potential for bioaccumulation

Additional information

No aquatic PNEC values were derived for the reaction mass of cerium dioxide, praseodymium(III,IV) oxide and zirconium dioxide. The argumentation for this is described below.

No adverse effects were observed in the available toxicity studies with fish and aquatic invertebrates performed with zirconium dioxide at concentrations below or equal to the limit test dose of 100 mg/L. In algal growth inhibition tests with zirconium compounds, adverse effects on growth have been observed at concentrations (slightly) below 100 mg/L. However, the observed effects were due to phosphate deprivation of the algae, as a result of strong complexation of zirconium with the phosphate in the test medium. Anyhow, all EC50 levels were > 100 mg/L. In conclusion, zirconium dioxide should not be considered as toxic or harmful to aquatic organisms.

To demonstrate the validity of the read across assumption, i.e. that the presence of cerium dioxide and praseodymium(III,IV) oxide in the reaction mass does not alter the unhazardous character of zirconium dioxide, data for praseodymium(III,IV) oxide and the reaction mass of cerium dioxide and zirconium dioxide were added to the dossier for the basic ecotoxicological endpoints acute toxicity to aquatic invertebrates and toxicity to aquatic algae (Annex VII ecotoxicological endpoints). In these studies, no EC50 values < 100 mg/L were obtained, hence praseodymium(III,IV) oxide and the reaction mass of cerium dioxide and zirconium dioxide should not be considered as toxic or harmful to aquatic organisms.

Taking all this into account, similar conclusions can be drawn for the reaction mass of cerium dioxide, praseodymium(III,IV) oxide and zirconium dioxide. The reaction mass is therefore not classified for any environmental hazard, and no chemical safety assessment needs to be performed. Consequently, it was not considered useful to derive PNEC values for the aquatic environment. For the same reasons, no PNEC values were determined for sediment and terrestrial organisms either.

Finally, no PNEC value was determined for secondary poisoning since the available mammalian studies indicate that zirconium dioxide nor praseodymium(III,IV) oxide nor the reaction mass of cerium dioxide and zirconium dioxide are hazardous substances and because there is no concern for bioaccumulation or biomagnification of zirconium, cerium or praseodymium from the highly insoluble reaction mass in both the aquatic and terrestrial environment.

Conclusion on classification

Based on the available toxicity data (fish, aquatic invertebrates, and algae) for zirconium dioxide, praseodymium(III,IV) oxide and the reaction mass of cerium dioxide and zirconium dioxide, it was concluded that the reaction mass of cerium dioxide, praseodymium(III,IV) oxide and zirconium dioxide does not need to be classified for any environmental hazard.

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