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EC number: 947-726-2 | CAS number: -
The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential reproductive/developmental toxicity of dioctadecyldimethylammonium chloride (96.8% active) according to a GLP conform Reproduction/Developmental Toxicity Screening Test (OECD Guideline 421).
Groups of 10 rats (CRL:CD (SD) BR) per sex were treated with dosages of 0, 62.5, 125, and 500 mg/kg bw/day by gavage (administration volume 10 ml/kg bw/day) using corn oil as a vehicle for the control group. Males were treated daily from two weeks before mating, during mating and until a dosing period of a total of 28 days had been completed. Females were treated daily from two weeks before mating until the 4 th day of lactation. Subsequently these females were sacrificed with their pups.
At daily doses of 500 mg/kg bw one male and one female died after 12 and 10 treatments respectively. Clinical observations revealed dyspnea, soft stools in all females and almost all males. Half of the females also showed slight to moderate dilation of the abdomen. Body weight loss of about 14 to 15 g was observed in both sexes during the first week of treatment. Further, statistically significantly lower mean daily food consumption was observed in the males during the premating period and in the dams during the first week of pregnancy. Statistically significantly lower mean dam body weights were observed after 14 and 20 days of gestation and at the day of birth after delivery.
No toxicologically relevant effects were observed at dosages of 125 and 62.5 mg/kg bw/day.
At sacrifice of the parental animals no significant differences were found in the organ weights of uterus, ovaries, testes and epididymides. Histopathology of testes, epididymides and of the ovaries of the animals of the 500 mg/kg dose groups did not show any compound related changes. No substance related changes were reported for the evaluation of testicular stages of spermatogenesis performed in the PAS-hematoxylin stained sections.
At the dosages of 62.5 and 125 mg/kg/day all of the 10 paired females revealed to be sperm positive after mating, all revealed to be pregnant and all delivered live litters. The numbers of corpora lutea had not been evaluated during this study.
At 500 mg/kg/day, from the 9 paired females 7 revealed to be sperm positive (77 %) after mating, 6 out of 9 (67 %) revealed to be pregnant, and 5 out of 6 (83 %) delivered live litters. One animal revealed to have fully resorbed. Mean pre-coital time was longer in this group (about 6.1 days) when compared to the controls and the lower dosage groups (1.5 to 2.1 days).
After birth, for the animals treated with 62.5 or 125 mg/kg/day there were no substance related biological differences in their pregnancy outcome in comparison to the control group. At 500 mg/kg/day, the percentage of post implantation losses was increased by 19% per litter in comparison to about 6% per litter in the controls and in the lower treatment groups, thus resulting in a statistically significantly lower rate of live borns of 83% in comparison to 94% in the controls and in the lower treatment groups. Viability index on postnatal day 4 was in the range of the controls and the lower treatment groups.
For all dose groups under investigation no statistically significant differences were found for the body weights of male and female pups at birth and on postnatal day 4. External abnormalities have not been reported.
Based on the findings of this study, it was concluded that the No-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) regarding reproductive toxicity was 125 mg/kg bw/day.
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