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Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin corrosion: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
From May 16, 2017 to June 15, 2017
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2017
Report date:
2017

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 431 (In Vitro Skin Corrosion: Reconstructed Human Epidermis (RHE) Test Method)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Alcohols, C16-18 and ethoxylated C16-18 , phosphates (10 moles ethoxylation)
EC Number:
947-820-3
Molecular formula:
C18H39O4P1 (representative structure of C16-18 monoester) C38H79OO14P1 (representative structure of C16-18 ethoxylated monoester) C36H75O4P1 (representative structure of C16-18 diester) C54H111O14P1 (representative structure of C16-18 ethoxylated diester) C44H91O9P1 (representative structure of mixed diester)
IUPAC Name:
Alcohols, C16-18 and ethoxylated C16-18 , phosphates (10 moles ethoxylation)
Test material form:
solid

In vitro test system

Test system:
human skin model
Remarks:
The reconstructed human epidermal model EpidermTM (EPI-200 MatTek Corporation)
Source species:
human
Cell type:
other: normal human-derived epidermal keratinocytes
Justification for test system used:
The EpiDermTM skin model and assay for skin corrosion testing is endorsed by OECD TG 431.
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on test system:
Test system
The reconstructed human epidermal model EpidermTM (EPI-200 MatTek Corporation) consists of normal human-derived epidermal keratinocytes which have been cultured to form a multi-layered highly differential model of the human epidermis. It consists of organised basal, spinous and granular layers and a multi-layered stratum corneum containing intercellular lamellar lipid layers arranged in patterns analogous to those found in vivo.

Characterisation of the test system
MatTek’s EpiDermTM model has been extensively characterised for multiple parameters including morphology, tissue viability, skin barrier function and sterility. QC results for the specific lot of models received (Lot# 25819) were checked in-house for MatTek acceptance ranges with the following outcome:
- Morphology - PASS
- Tissue viability - PASS
- Skin barrier function (ET50 value for 1 % Triton X-100) where ET50 is the time taken for 1 % Triton X-100 to reduce the viability of the skin model to 50 % relative to the negative control) - PASS
- Sterility testing showed no contamination during long term antibiotic and antimycotic free culture - PASS
Control samples:
yes, concurrent negative control
yes, concurrent positive control
Amount/concentration applied:
Single topical application of 25 μL sterile water and nominal 25 mg of test substance.
Duration of treatment / exposure:
3 and 60 minutes at 37°C, 5 % CO2, 95 % RH
Number of replicates:
3 replicates each for test substance, negative and positive controls

Results and discussion

In vitro

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Run / experiment:
3 minutes
Value:
103.7
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Run / experiment:
60 minutes
Value:
93.8
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Other effects / acceptance of results:
Prior to the assay, the test substance was checked for interference (water coloration or MTT interference) and found not to interfere.

Any other information on results incl. tables

Results

Table 1: Cell viability measurements after 3 minutes of application

Name

Tissue n°

3 min endpoint

Aliq. 1

Aliq. 2

mean

OD Mean

viability

Mean

SD

CV

[%]

[%]

[%]

[%]

NC

1

1.768

1.795

1.781

1.749

101.9

100.0

2.5

2.5

2

1.697

1.701

1.699

 

97.2

 

 

 

3

1.761

1.771

1.766

 

101.0

 

 

 

TA3

1

1.784

1.802

1.793

1.814

102.5

103.7

2.4

2.3

2

1.871

1.855

1.863

 

106.5

 

 

 

3

1.767

1.805

1.786

 

102.1

 

 

 

PC

1

0.231

0.282

0.256

0.317

14.7

18.1

4.1

22.7

2

0.393

0.401

0.397

 

22.7

 

 

 

3

0.295

0.303

0.299

 

17.1

 

 

 

NC: negative control (H2O), PC: Positive control (KOH 8N), TA3: Test substance

Table 2: Cell viability measurements after 1 h of application

Name

Tissue n°

1h endpoint

 

Aliq. 1

Aliq. 2

mean

OD Mean

viability

Mean

SD

CV

[%]

[%]

[%]

[%]

NC

1

1.842

1.900

1.871

1.777

105.3

100.0

5.0

5.0

2

1.656

1.729

1.692

 

95.2

 

 

 

3

1.733

1.806

1.769

 

99.5

 

 

 

TA3

1

1.481

1.485

1.483

1.668

83.4

93.8

10.1

10.7

2

1.653

1.710

1.681

 

94.6

 

 

 

3

1.805

1.876

1.840

 

103.5

 

 

 

PC

1

0.283

0.332

0.307

0.248

17.3

14.0

3.3

23.3

2

0.244

0.249

0.246

 

13.8

 

 

 

3

0.181

0.203

0.192

 

10.8

 

 

 

NC: negative control (H2O), PC: Positive control (KOH 8N), TA3: Test substance.

 

Table 3: Mean and SD of cell viability measurements after 3 minutes and 1 h application

 

3min

1h

Mean of viability [%]

SD of viability

CV(%)

Mean of viability [%]

SD of viability

CV(%)

NC

100.0

2.5

2.5

100.0

5.0

5.0

TA3

103.7

2.4

2.3

93.8

10.1

10.7

PC

18.1

4.1

22.7

14.0

3.3

23.3

NC: negative control (H2O), PC: Positive control (KOH 8N), TA3: Test substance.

 

Table 4: Results Summary

Test substance

Test Substance ID

Viability after 3 minutes application

(% to negative control)

Viability ≥ 50% after 3 min (Yes/No)

Viability after 1h application

(% to negative control)

Viability ≥ 15% after 1h (Yes/No)

Corrosive (C)/Non corrosive(NC)

Test substance

TA3

103.7%

Yes

93.8%

Yes

NC

The test substance did not reduce the viability below 50% after 3 min nor below 15% after 1 h and should be considered as non-corrosive.

Acceptance criteria

 

 

Actual values

Pass/Failed

Acceptance criterion 1

The mean OD570of the negative control tissues must be ≥0.8.

 

1.749 after 3 min, 1.777 after 1h

Pass

Acceptance criterion 2

The mean of the positive control relative percentage viability, after 1 h exposuremust be < 15% of the mean of the negative control.

 

14.0%

Pass

Acceptance criterion 3

In the range between 20% and 100% viability, the coefficient of variation (CV) is an additional acceptance criterion.It should not exceed 0.3(i.e 30%).

 

NC: 2.5% after 3 min, 5.0% after 1h

PC: 22.7% after 3 min, 23.3% after 1h

TA3: 2.3% after 3 min, 10.7% after 1h

Pass

Interpretation of results and skin corrosion Prediction Model

 

The cut-off values for the prediction of human skin corrosion are as follows:

 

Step 1

A test substance is classified "corrosive", if the relative tissue viability after3 mintreatment with a test material is decreased below 50%.

In addition, those materials classified "non-corrosive" after3 min(viability ≥ 50%) are classified "corrosive" if the relative tissue viability after1 htreatment with a test material is decreased below 15%.

 

Mean tissue viability(expressed as % of negative control)

Prediction

3 min < 50%

corrosive

3 min ≥ 50%and1 h: < 15%

corrosive

3 min ≥ 50%and1 h: ≥ 15%

non-corrosive

 

Step 2 (if test substance is classified as corrosive in step 1)

A test substance is classified "corrosive, optional Sub-Category 1A", if the relative tissue viability after3 mintreatment with a test material is decreased below 25%.

A test substance is classified "corrosive, optional Sub-Category 1B/1C", if the relative tissue viability after3 mintreatment with a test material is ≥25%.

 

Mean tissue viability(expressed as % of negative control)

Prediction

3 min < 25%

Corrosive,

optional Sub-category 1A

3 min ≥ 25%

Corrosive,

optional Sub-categories 1B and 1C

Conclusion for test substance

Test substance evaluated for skin corrosion following OECD guideline TG 431 and using EpiDermTM tissue model was non-corrosive.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
other: CLP criteria not met
Remarks:
(not corrosive)
Conclusions:
Under the study conditions, the test substance was determined to be non-corrosive to the skin.
Executive summary:

An in vitro study was conducted to determine the skin corrosion potential of the test substance, 'mono- and di- C16-18 PSE and C16-18 AE10 PSE', using Reconstructed Human Epidermis (RHE) cells, according to OECD 431 Guideline, in compliance with GLP. EpiDermTM tissues were kept overnight at 4°C. On Day 1, the tissues were pre-incubated for 1 h at 37°C, 5% CO2, 95% RH. After incubation, tissues were exposure to test (25 mg) and reference substances (25 μL sterile water as negative control and 50 μL Potassium hydroxide as positive control) in triplicates for 3 and 60 minutes. After 3 minutes and 1 h treatment, the test substance and the reference substances were rinsed off from the tissues. Then, cell viability of the tissues was evaluated by addition of MTT on Day 2. On Day 3, final MTT assay testing and measurements were performed. Results were compared to negative control. All validity criteria for the performed test were met. After 3 minutes and 1 h treatment, the mean viability values obtained with the test substance were determined to be 103.7% and 93.8%, respectively, which is well above the corrosive limits of 50 and 15% respectively. Under the study conditions, the test substance was determined to be non-corrosive to the skin (XCellR8, 2017).

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