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EC number: 947-751-9 | CAS number: -
A study was conducted to determine the skin sensitisation potential of the test substance, 'mono- and di- C16 PSE, K+ and H3PO4' (98.5%) according to OECD Guideline 429 and US EPA OPPTS 870.2600 (LLNA), in compliance with GLP. The test substance concentrations selected for the main study were based on the results of a pre-screen test. In the main study, four experimental groups of five female CBA/J mice were treated with test substance concentrations of 2.5, 5, 10 or 25% w/w for three consecutive days, by topical application on the ears. Five vehicle control animals were similarly treated, but with the vehicle alone (Liquid petrolatum). A positive control group with a-hexylcinnamaldehyde (HCA - 50%) was also included in the experiment. Five days after the last exposure, all animals were injected with 5-bromo-2'-deoxy-uridine (BrdU) and the draining (auricular) lymph nodes were then isolated and pooled for each animal. Cells were fixed using 70% ethanol and used for the measurement of the cell number and the BrdU determination (percentage of proliferating cells in "S" phase). Flow cytometry was conducted for analysis and stimulation index (SI) was recorded. Mortality/viability, body weights, clinical signs, ear size and irritation (and other local effects) were recorded as well. SI values were similar among the control and test groups and were below 3. Three concentrations (i.e.2.5, 5 and 25%) induced ear swelling. No mortality occurred and no clinical signs of systemic toxicity were observed in the animals of the main study. Body weights and body weight gain of experimental animals remained in the same range as controls over the study period. Under the study conditions, the test substance was considered to be non-sensitiser to the skin (MBRL, 2005).
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