Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
22 August 2017 - 16 October 2017
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2017
Report Date:
2017

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 439 (In Vitro Skin Irritation: Reconstructed Human Epidermis Test Method)
Version / remarks:
2015
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.46 (In Vitro Skin Irritation: Reconstructed Human Epidermis Model Test)
Version / remarks:
2012
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid

In vitro test system

Test system:
human skin model
Source species:
other: reconstructed human epidermis
Cell type:
non-transformed keratinocytes
Justification for test system used:
The reconstructed human epidermis model in vitro method is an accepted in vitro method to replace animal testing. The human skin RHE™ model closely mimics the biochemical and physiological properties of the upper parts of the human skin, i.e. the epidermis, and has been validated by the ECVAM in 2008.
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on test system:
RECONSTRUCTED HUMAN EPIDERMIS (RHE) TISSUE
- Model used: SkinEthic™ RHE-model RHE/S/17
- Tissue batch number(s): 17-RHE-094
- Date of initiation of testing: On day of receipt the pre-incubation phase of the tissues started.

TEMPERATURE USED FOR TEST SYSTEM
- Temperature used during treatment / exposure: room temperature
- Temperature of post-treatment incubation: 37°C

REMOVAL OF TEST MATERIAL AND CONTROLS
- Volume and number of washing steps: rinsed with minimum 25 mL DPBS; excess DPBS was removed by shaking the tissue inserts and blotting the bottom of the tissue inserts with blotting paper
- Modifications to validated SOP: none

MTT DYE USED TO MEASURE TISSUE VIABILITY AFTER TREATMENT / EXPOSURE
- MTT concentration: 1 mg/mL
- Incubation time: 3 hours
- Spectrophotometer: microplate reader ELx800, BioTek Instruments GmbH
- Wavelength: 570 nm

NUMBER OF REPLICATE TISSUES: 3

NUMBER OF INDEPENDENT TEST SEQUENCES / EXPERIMENTS TO DERIVE FINAL PREDICTION: 1

PREDICTION MODEL / DECISION CRITERIA
- The test substance is considered to be irritant to skin category 2 if the viability is less than or equal to 50%.
- The test substance is considered to be non-irritant to skin if the viability is greater than 50%.
Amount/concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount applied: 16 mg

NEGATIVE CONTROL
- Amount applied: 16 µL

POSITIVE CONTROL
- Amount applied: 16 µL
Duration of treatment / exposure:
42 minutes
Duration of post-treatment incubation (if applicable):
42 hours
Number of replicates:
3

Results and discussion

In vitro

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Remarks:
Tissue 1
Run / experiment:
1
Value:
81.9
Vehicle controls validity:
not examined
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Remarks:
Tissue 2
Run / experiment:
1
Value:
96.1
Vehicle controls validity:
not examined
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Remarks:
Tissue 3
Run / experiment:
1
Value:
101.7
Vehicle controls validity:
not examined
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Other effects / acceptance of results:
OTHER EFFECTS
- Direct-MTT reduction: no
- Colour interference with MTT: no

ACCEPTANCE OF RESULTS:
- Acceptance criteria met for negative control: yes
- Acceptance criteria met for positive control: yes
- Acceptance criteria met for variability between replicate measurements: yes

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
Under the conditions of the present study, the test item is considered as non-irritant to skin (UN GHS: No Category).
Executive summary:

The objective of the present study was to investigate the potential of the test item to induce skin irritation in an in vitro human skin model. The test item was applied topically to a human reconstructed skin model followed by determination of the cell viability. Cell viability was determined by enzymatic conversion of vital dye MTT into a blue formazan salt and measurement of the formazan salt after extraction from tissues. The percent reduction of cell viability in comparison to untreated negative controls was used to predict the skin irritation potential. Triplicates of the human skin RHE-model were treated with the test item, the negative or the positive control for 42 minutes (± 1 minute). 16 µL of either the negative control (DPBS-buffer) or the positive control (5% aqueous solution of sodium dodecyl sulfate) were applied to the tissues. Before application of 16 mg of the solid test item, 10 µL of deionised water was spread to the epidermis surface to improve the contact between the test item and the epidermis.

All acceptability criteria after treatment with the negative control (DPBS-buffer) and the positive control (5% aqueous solution of sodium dodecyl sulfate) were met. Following treatment with the test item the tissue viability was 93.2% and, thus, higher than 50%, i.e. according to OECD 439 the test item is considered as non-irritant to skin (UN GHS: No Category).