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Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vivo mammalian somatic cell study: cytogenicity / erythrocyte micronucleus
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: chromosome aberration
Type of information:
read-across based on grouping of substances (category approach)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Justification for type of information:
See category justification attached in Section 13 for more information. Evaluating alkyl phenate sulfides (“phenates”) as a category is appropriate based on similar chemical structures and starting materials, manufacturing processes, physical and chemical properties, functional uses as a lubricating oil additive, and toxicological data. Regarding the ECHA Read-Across Assessment Framework (2017), the alkyl phenate category fit into Scenario 6 (different compounds with the same effect and no variation in the strength of that effect across substances).

Phenates in this category are manufactured in a similar way and from the same staring alkylphenol, tetrapropenyl phenol (“TPP”, EC 310-154-3; AKA phenol, dodecyl-, branched (PDB, PDDP)). The primary difference among the phenates is if they have calcium carbonate basing; the amount of overbasing may also differ. However, based on the trends observed with the robust toxicology data for the category, the amount of calcium carbonate overbasing is not expected to alter the hazards, especially as the core phenate functionality does not change and calcium carbonate has a low hazard potential.

Based on the data and consistent trends observed among category members, phenates have low hazard for human health and the environment. The registered (target) substance, EC 701-208-0 is very similar to EC 701-251-5 and this substance can be used as direct read across (and is used as the test material in the target record, where data exists for this source substance); EC 701-249-4 and 272-388-1 serve to bracket EC 701-208-0 with EC 701-251-5 regarding different levels of calcium carbonate overbasing.

Data source

Materials and methods

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Phenol, paraalkylation products with C10-15 branched olefins ( C12 rich) derived from propene oligomerization, calcium salts, sulfurized, including distillates (petroleum), hydrotreated, solvent-refined, solvent-dewaxed, or catalyc dewaxed, light or heavy paraffinic C15-C50
EC Number:
701-249-4
Molecular formula:
A molecular formula for this substance does not exist because it is a UVCB. The molecular formula for a theoretical representative structure is C36H58Ca2O4Sx where x = 1-3.
IUPAC Name:
Phenol, paraalkylation products with C10-15 branched olefins ( C12 rich) derived from propene oligomerization, calcium salts, sulfurized, including distillates (petroleum), hydrotreated, solvent-refined, solvent-dewaxed, or catalyc dewaxed, light or heavy paraffinic C15-C50
Details on test material:

Phenol, dodecyl-, sulfurized, calcium salts
Testing was performed on a commercial sample of this material. Typical purity of this material as distributed in commerce is 60% alkyl phenol sulfide and 40% highly refined lubricant base oil.

Results and discussion

Test results
Key result
Sex:
male/female
Genotoxicity:
negative
Toxicity:
no effects
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid

Any other information on results incl. tables

There was no mortality and all animals appeared normal without sign of adverse effect until sacrifice. Mean percentage of micronucleated PCEs was within the range of laboratory historical controls for all treatment and vehicle control groups.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
The test article did not induce a statistically significant increase in micro-nuclei in bone marrow polychromatic erythrocytes under the conditions of this assay and is considered negative in the mouse micronucleus assay.

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