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Administrative data

Description of key information

Acute Oral Toxicity: 

Acute oral toxicity dose was predicted based on OECD QSAR toolbox for target substance 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) was estimated to be 3035.83mg/kg bw,and for differentstudies available on the closely related read across substance 1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (872-50-4) was considered to be3914 mg/kg bw and for 1-(morpholin-4-yl)ethan-1-one (1696-20-4)was considered to be6130 mg/kg bw.All these studies concluded that the LD50 value is greater than 2000 mg/kg bw. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8)can be classified as category V of acute oral toxicity.

Acute Inhalation Toxicity: 

1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) has very low vapor pressure (6.35E-008 Pa), so the potential for the generation of inhalable vapours is very low. Also the normal conditions of use of this substance will not result in aerosols, particles or droplets of an inhalable size, so exposure to humans via the inhalatory route will be highly unlikely and therefore this end point was considered for waiver.

Acute Dermal Toxicity:

Acute dermal toxicity dose was predicted based on OECD QSAR toolbox for target substance 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) was estimated to be 7228.03 mg/kg bw ,and for differentstudies available on structurally similar read across substance2-[[4-(Dimethylamino)phenyl]azo]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-imidazolium chloride (77061-58-6) was considered to be >2000 mg/kg bw and 2-[(4-Aminophenyl)azo]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-imidazolium chloride (97404-02-9) was considered to be >2000 mg/kg bw.All these studies concluded that the LD50 value is greater than 2000 mg/kg bw. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) can be classified as category V of acute dermal toxicity.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Acute toxicity: via oral route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is predicted using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 and QMRF report has been attached
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: as mentioned below
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction was done by using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3,2017
GLP compliance:
not specified
Test type:
other: estimated data
Limit test:
no
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material (IUPAC name): 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate
- Common name: 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate
- Molecular formula: C18H21N6.C2H3O2
- Molecular weight: 380.4496 g/mol
- Smiles notation: CC(=O)[O-].Cn1cn[n+](c1/N=N/c2ccc(cc2)N(C)Cc3ccccc3)C
- InChl: 1S/C18H21N6.C2H4O2/c1-22(13-15-7-5-4-6-8-15)17-11-9-16(10-12-17)20-21-18-23(2)14-19-24(18)3;1-2(3)4/h4-12,14H,13H2,1-3H3;1H3,(H,3,4)/q+1;/p-1
- Substance type: Organic
Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
No data available
Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on oral exposure:
No data available
Doses:
3035.83 mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
No data available
Control animals:
not specified
Details on study design:
No data available
Statistics:
No data available
Preliminary study:
No data available
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
3 035.83 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Remarks on result:
other: 50% mortality was observed
Mortality:
No data available
Clinical signs:
No data available
Body weight:
No data available
Gross pathology:
No data available
Other findings:
No data available

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: LD50
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 7 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((((((((((("a" or "b" )  and ("c" and ( not "d") )  )  and "e" )  and ("f" and ( not "g") )  )  and ("h" and ( not "i") )  )  and ("j" and ( not "k") )  )  and "l" )  and "m" )  and "n" )  and ("o" and ( not "p") )  )  and ("q" and ( not "r") )  )  and ("s" and ( not "t") )  )  and ("u" and ( not "v") )  )  and ("w" and "x" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation >> Aliphatic tertiary amines OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Tertiary aromatic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic azo by DNA binding by OECD ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aliphatic Amines by Aquatic toxicity classification by ECOSAR

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >> Carbamoylation after isocyanate formation OR AN2 >> Carbamoylation after isocyanate formation >> N-Hydroxylamines OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release >> Specific Acetate Esters OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation for aldehydes OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation for aldehydes >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR Non-covalent interaction OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Coumarins OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> DNA Intercalators with Carboxamide Side Chain OR Radical OR Radical >> Generation of reactive oxygen species OR Radical >> Generation of reactive oxygen species >> N,N-Dialkyldithiocarbamate Derivatives OR Radical >> Generation of reactive oxygen species >> Thiols OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation (indirect) or direct radical attack on DNA OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation (indirect) or direct radical attack on DNA >> Organic Peroxy Compounds OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Coumarins OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Hydrazine Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> N-Hydroxylamines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitrophenols, Nitrophenyl Ethers and Nitrobenzoic Acids OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Derivatives OR SN1 >> Carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Carbenium ion formation >> Alpha-Haloethers OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> N-Hydroxylamines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitrophenols, Nitrophenyl Ethers and Nitrobenzoic Acids OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Acylation OR SN2 >> Acylation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group  OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group  >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after cyclization OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after cyclization >> Nitrogen Mustards OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Derivatives OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom >> Sulfonates and Sulfates OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Coumarins OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3-carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3-carbon atom >> Alpha-Haloethers by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation AND SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation >> Aliphatic tertiary amines AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Tertiary aromatic amine AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic azo by DNA binding by OECD ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, without OH or NH2 group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, impaired OH or NH2 group OR Non binder, MW>500 OR Non binder, non cyclic structure OR Strong binder, OH group OR Very strong binder, OH group OR Weak binder, OH group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by Protein binding alerts for Chromosomal aberration by OASIS v1.1

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Ac-SN2 OR Ac-SN2 >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) carboxamide group OR Ac-SN2 >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) carboxamide group >> Carboxylic Acid Amines OR Ac-SN2 >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group OR Ac-SN2 >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Carboxylic Acid Amines OR AN2 OR AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds OR AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds >> alpha, beta - Unsaturated Carbonyls and Related Compounds OR AN2 >> Michael type addition to activated double bond of pyrimidine bases OR AN2 >> Michael type addition to activated double bond of pyrimidine bases >> Pyrimidines and Purines OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition to quinoid structures >> Carboxylic Acid Amines OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation with carbonyl group of pyrimidine or purine bases OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation with carbonyl group of pyrimidine or purine bases >> Pyrimidines and Purines OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic subsitution at sp3-Carbon atom OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic subsitution at sp3-Carbon atom >> Alpha-Activated Haloalkanes by Protein binding alerts for Chromosomal aberration by OASIS v1.1

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by Protein binding alerts for skin sensitization by OASIS v1.3

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Carbamates  OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis >> Dithiocarbamates OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis or thiolysis OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis or thiolysis >> Activated aryl esters  OR Acylation >> Ring opening acylation OR Acylation >> Ring opening acylation >> beta-Lactams  OR Nucleophilic addition OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds >> Ketones OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution on benzilyc carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution on benzilyc carbon atom >> alpha-Activated benzyls  OR SN2 >> SN2 Reaction at a sp3 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 Reaction at a sp3 carbon atom >> Activated alkyl esters and thioesters  by Protein binding alerts for skin sensitization by OASIS v1.3

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Bioavailable by Lipinski Rule Oasis ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Similarity boundary:Target: CC(=O)O{-}.N{+}1(C)C(N=Nc2ccc(N(C)Cc3ccccc3)cc2)N(C)C=N1
Threshold=10%,
Dice(Atom centered fragments)
Atom type; Count H attached; Hybridization

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Similarity boundary:Target: CC(=O)O{-}.N{+}1(C)C(N=Nc2ccc(N(C)Cc3ccccc3)cc2)N(C)C=N1
Threshold=40%,
Dice(Atom centered fragments)
Atom type; Count H attached; Hybridization

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not categorized by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aliphatic amines (Mucous membrane irritation) Rank C OR Anilines (Hemolytic anemia with methemoglobinemia) Rank A OR Anilines (Hepatotoxicity) Rank C by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Inclusion rules not met by Skin irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Ketones by Skin irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND (!Undefined)Group C Surface Tension > 62 mN/m AND (!Undefined)Group CN Lipid Solubility < 0.4 g/kg AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C AND Group C Melting Point > 55 C AND Group C Molecular Weight > 350 g/mol AND Group C Vapour Pressure < 0.0001 Pa AND Group CN Melting Point > 180 C AND Group CN Molecular Weight > 290 g/mol AND Group CN Vapour Pressure < 0.001 Pa by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "t"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group CNHal Lipid Solubility < 4 g/kg OR (!Undefined)Group CNHal Lipid Solubility < 400 g/kg by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "u"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not possible to classify according to these rules by Keratinocyte gene expression

Domain logical expression index: "v"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as High gene expression OR High gene expression >> N-Acylamides by Keratinocyte gene expression

Domain logical expression index: "w"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= -0.873

Domain logical expression index: "x"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 1.75

Interpretation of results:
Category 5 based on GHS criteria
Conclusions:
The LD50 was estimated to be 3035.83 mg/kg bw,when female wistar rats were orally exposed with 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) via gavage.
Executive summary:

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute oral toxicity was estimated for 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate(84000-82-8).The LD50 was estimated to be 3035.83 mg/kg bw,when female wistar rats were orally exposed with1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) via gavage.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Value:
3 035.83 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
Data is Klimisch 2 and from QSAR toolbox 3.3

Acute toxicity: via inhalation route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: inhalation
Data waiving:
other justification
Justification for data waiving:
other:
Endpoint conclusion
Quality of whole database:
Waiver

Acute toxicity: via dermal route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is predicted using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 and QMRF report has been attached
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction was done by using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3,2017
GLP compliance:
not specified
Test type:
other: estimated data
Limit test:
no
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material (IUPAC name): 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate
- Common name: 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate
- Molecular formula: C18H21N6.C2H3O2
- Molecular weight: 380.4496 g/mol
- Smiles notation: CC(=O)[O-].Cn1cn[n+](c1/N=N/c2ccc(cc2)N(C)Cc3ccccc3)C
- InChl: 1S/C18H21N6.C2H4O2/c1-22(13-15-7-5-4-6-8-15)17-11-9-16(10-12-17)20-21-18-23(2)14-19-24(18)3;1-2(3)4/h4-12,14H,13H2,1-3H3;1H3,(H,3,4)/q+1;/p-1
- Substance type: Organic
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
other: New Zealand
Sex:
male
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
No data available
Type of coverage:
occlusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
No data available
Duration of exposure:
24 hours
Doses:
7228.03 mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
No data available
Control animals:
not specified
Details on study design:
No data available
Statistics:
No data available
Preliminary study:
No data available
Sex:
male
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
7 228.03 mg/kg bw
Remarks on result:
other: 50% Mortality was observed
Mortality:
No data available
Clinical signs:
No data available
Body weight:
No data available
Gross pathology:
No data available
Other findings:
No data available

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: LD50
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 7 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((((((("a" or "b" )  and "c" )  and ("d" and ( not "e") )  )  and ("f" and ( not "g") )  )  and ("h" and ( not "i") )  )  and ("j" and ( not "k") )  )  and ("l" and ( not "m") )  )  and ("n" and ( not "o") )  )  and "p" )  and ("q" and "r" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation >> Aliphatic tertiary amines OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Tertiary aromatic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic azo by DNA binding by OECD ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aliphatic Amines by Aquatic toxicity classification by ECOSAR

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation AND SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation >> Aliphatic tertiary amines AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Tertiary aromatic amine AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic azo by DNA binding by OECD ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, without OH or NH2 group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, impaired OH or NH2 group OR Non binder, MW>500 OR Non binder, non cyclic structure OR Strong binder, OH group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by Protein binding by OASIS v1.3

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis >> Amides OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis >> Dithiocarbamates OR Nucleophilic addition OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds >> Ketones OR SN2 OR SN2 >> SN2 Reaction at a sp3 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 Reaction at a sp3 carbon atom >> Activated alkyl esters and thioesters  OR SNAr OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds >> Activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds by Protein binding by OASIS v1.3

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group OR Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Inclusion rules not met by Skin irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Esters including acrylic and methacrylic esters OR Ketones OR Quaternary organic ammonium compounds by Skin irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND (!Undefined)Group C Surface Tension > 62 mN/m AND (!Undefined)Group CN Lipid Solubility < 0.4 g/kg AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C AND Group C Melting Point > 55 C AND Group C Molecular Weight > 350 g/mol AND Group C Vapour Pressure < 0.0001 Pa AND Group CN Melting Point > 180 C AND Group CN Molecular Weight > 290 g/mol AND Group CN Vapour Pressure < 0.001 Pa by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group C Aqueous Solubility < 0.0001 g/L by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aliphatic Carbon [CH] AND Aliphatic Carbon [-CH2-] AND Aliphatic Carbon [-CH3] AND Aliphatic Nitrogen, one aromatic attach [-N] AND Amino, aliphatic attach [-N<] AND Aromatic Carbon [C] AND Aromatic-N-C-Aromatic  AND Azo [-N=N-] AND Carbonyl, aliphatic attach [-C(=O)-] AND Miscellaneous sulfide (=S) or oxide (=O) AND Nitrogen {v+5}, nitrogen attach AND Nitrogen, hydrogen attach {v+5} AND Olefinic carbon [=CH- or =C<] by Organic functional groups (US EPA)

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as 1,2-Oxaza compounds [N-C-O-] OR Acid, aliphatic attach [-COOH] OR Alcohol, olefinic attach [-OH] OR Aliphatic Carbon [C] OR Aliphatic Carbon, two phenyl attach [-C-]  OR Aliphatic Carbon, two phenyl attach [-CH2-]  OR Amino diol derivative [OCC(N)CO] OR Amino, aliphatic attach [-NH-] OR Amino, aliphatic attach [-NH2] OR Aromatic Nitrogen, five-member ring OR Azomethine, aliphatic attach [-N=C] OR Hydroxy, aliphatic attach [-OH] OR Nitrogen, two or tree olefinic attach [>N-] OR Oxygen, aliphatic attach [-O-] OR Tertiary Carbon OR Urea [-OC(=O)N-] by Organic functional groups (US EPA)

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Similarity boundary:Target: CC(=O)O{-}.N{+}1(C)C(N=Nc2ccc(N(C)Cc3ccccc3)cc2)N(C)C=N1
Threshold=10%,
Dice(Atom centered fragments)
Atom type; Count H attached; Hybridization

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= -0.385

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 4.75

Interpretation of results:
Category 5 based on GHS criteria
Conclusions:
The LD50 value was estimated to be 7228.03 mg/kg bw,when male new Zealand rabbits were exposed occlusively with 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) by dermal application for 24 hours.
Executive summary:

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute dermal toxicity was estimated for 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate(84000-82-8) .The LD50 was estimated to be 7228.03mg/kg bw,when male new Zealand rabbits were exposed occlusively with1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate(84000-82-8) by dermal application for 24 hours.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Value:
7 228.03 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
Data is Klimisch 2 and from QSAR toolbox 3.3

Additional information

Acute Oral Toxicity: 

In different studies, 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) has been investigated for acute oral toxicity to a greater or lesser extent. Often the studies are based on in vivo experiments and estimated data in rodents, i.e. most commonly in rats for 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) along with the study available on the closely related read across substance 1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (872-50-4) and1-(morpholin-4-yl)ethan-1-one (1696-20-4).The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental studies. The studies are summarized as below –

 

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute oral toxicity was estimated for 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate(84000-82-8).The LD50 was estimated to be 3035.83 mg/kg bw,when female wistar rats were orally exposed with1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) via gavage.

The above study was further supported by U.S. National Library of Medicine (Chemidplus Database,U.S. National Library of Medicine,2017); IFA GESTIS (Gestis Substance Database ,2017); Bartsch W et. al. (Drug discovery. 1581-3: 26 (8); 1976) and U.S. National Library of Medicine (HSDB (Hazardous Substances Data Bank); US national Library of Medicine,2017) for the closely related read across substance 1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (872-50-4). Acute oral toxicity study was done in groups of 10 (5 males,5 females) rats using test material 1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone(872-50-4) .50% Mortality was observed at dose 3914 mg/kg bw. Hence,LD50 value was considered to be 3914 mg/kg bw,when rats were treated with 1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone(872-50-4)orally.

This is further supported by U.S. National Library of Medicine (Chemidplus Database,U.S. National Library of Medicine,2017) and IFA GESTIS (Gestis Substance Database,2017) for the closely related read across substance1-(morpholin-4-yl)ethan-1-one (1696-20-4).Acute oral toxicity study was done in rats using test material 1-(morpholin-4-yl)ethan-1-one(1696-20-4).50% Mortality was observed at dose 6130 mg/kg bw. Hence,LD50 value was considered to be 6130 mg/kg bw,when rats were treated with 1-(morpholin-4-yl)ethan-1-one(1696-20-4)orally.

Thus, based on the above studies on 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) and it’s closely related read across substances, it can be concluded that LD50 value is greater than 2000 mg/kg bw. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) can be classified as category V of acute oral toxicity.

Acute Inhalation Toxicity: 

1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate has very low vapor pressure (6.35E-008 Pa), so the potential for the generation of inhalable vapours is very low. Also the normal conditions of use of this substance will not result in aerosols, particles or droplets of an inhalable size, so exposure to humans via the inhalatory route will be highly unlikely and therefore this end point was considered for waiver.

Acute Dermal Toxicity:

In different studies, 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) has been investigated for acute dermal toxicity to a greater or lesser extent. Often the studies are based on in vivo experiments and estimated data in rodents, i.e. most commonly in rabbits for 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) along with the study available on structurally similar read across substance2-[[4-(Dimethylamino)phenyl]azo]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-imidazolium chloride (77061-58-6) and 2-[(4-Aminophenyl)azo]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-imidazolium chloride (97404-02-9) .The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental studies. The studies are summarized as below –

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the acute dermal toxicity was estimated for 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate(84000-82-8) .The LD50 was estimated to be 7228.03mg/kg bw,when male new Zealand rabbits were exposed occlusively with1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate(84000-82-8) by dermal application for 24 hours.

The above study was further supported by Scientific Committee on Consumer Products – SCCP (Scientific Committee on Consumer Products – SCCP, COLIPA n° B116, during the 10th plenary meeting of 22 March 2011) and Scientific Committee on Consumer Products – SCCP (Scientific Committee on Consumer Products – SCCP, during the 25th plenary meeting of 20 October 2003) for the structurally similar read across substance2-[[4-(Dimethylamino)phenyl]azo]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-imidazolium chloride (77061-58-6).In acute dermal toxicity study,10 males and 10 females Crl:CD (SD)IGS BR rats were occlusively treated with Basic Red 51(77061-58-6)in the concentration of 2000 mg/kg bw by dermal application following 14 days of observation period. The test material was moistened with distilled water.The untreated skin of each animal served as the control.The hair was clipped the day prior to the experiment. It was applied to the clipped area as a thin uniform layer from scapula to iliac crest and half way down the flank on each side of the animal’s back. The area was occluded for 24 hrs.The initial dermal irritation was scored and recorded 30 minutes after bandage removal on Day 1.No mortality was observed in treated rats at dose 2000 mg/kg bw.Signs of clinical toxicity included chromodacryorrhea and/or red nasal discharge. Findings were first noted 4 hours post-dose and were resolved by Day 2. Signs of dermal irritation included desquamation (slight scaling) in all males on Day 3 and in one male and one female on Day 7. There were no signs of dermal irritation at any observation interval in any of the remaining animals.All animals gained weight during the course of the study. No visible lesions were noted in any of the animals at necropsy.Therefore, LD50 value was considered to be >2000 mg/kg bw,when rats were treated with Basic Red 51(77061-58-6)by dermal application.

Also these results are further supported by Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS) (Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS), COLIPA n° B118,during the 13th plenary meeting of 13-14 December 2011); Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS) (Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS), COLIPA n° B118,during the 9th plenary meeting on 14 December 2010) and Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products (SCCNFP) (Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products and Non-Food Products (SCCNFP), during the 25th plenary meeting of 20 October 2003) for the structurally similar read across substance2-[(4-Aminophenyl)azo]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-imidazolium chloride (97404-02-9).Acute dermal toxicity study was done in Sprague Dawley Crl : CD (SD)IGS BR rats using test material 2-[(4-Aminophenyl)azo]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-imidazolium chloride(97404-02-9) according to the OECD guideline 402(acute dermal toxicity).The test material was moistened with distilled water.The hair was clipped the day prior to the experiment. It was applied to the clipped area as a thin uniform layer to approximately 10% of the body surface area from scapula to iliac crest and half way down the flank on each side of the animal’s back. The area was occluded for 24 h. The initial dermal irritation was scored and recorded 30 minutes after bandage removal on Day 1. The untreated skin of each animal served as the control. Additional dermal irritation readings were performed for each animal on Days 3, 7, 10, and 14.No Mortality was observed at dose2000 mg/kg bw.All animals showed clinical signs of toxicity including chromodacryorrhea and red nasal discharge on the day of dosing and observation Day 1. All signs of toxicity were resolved at day 2. Body weight gain was not affected during the study and necropsy did not reveal observable changes.A curtailed gross examination of the cervical, thoracic, and abdominal viscera was performed.No irritation was noted throughout the study Hence,LD50 value was considered to be >2000 mg/kg bw,when rats were occlusively treated with2-[(4-Aminophenyl)azo]-1,3-dimethyl-1H-imidazolium chloride(97404-02-9)by dermal application for 24 hoursfollowing 14 days of observation period.

Thus, based on the above studies on 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) and it’s structurally similar read across substances, it can be concluded that LD50 value is greater than 2000 mg/kg bw. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) can be classified as category V of acute dermal toxicity.

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on the above studies and prediction on 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) and it’s closely related and structurally similar read across substances, it can be concluded that LD50 value is greater than 2000 mg/kg bw. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation, 1,4-dimethyl-5-[[4-[methylbenzylamino]phenyl]azo]-1H-1,2,4-triazolium acetate (84000-82-8) can be classified as category V for acute oral and dermal toxicity. For Acute inhalation toxicity wavier was added so, not possible to classify.