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Additional toxicological data

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
additional toxicological information
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2013

Materials and methods

Type of study / information:
Impact of iron oxide nanoparticles on brain, heart, lung, liver and kidneys mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes activities and coupling
Principles of method if other than guideline:
The study evaluates the effects of iron oxide nanoparticles (ION) on mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes activities in five organs characterized by different oxidative capacities and strongly involved in body detoxification. Isolated mitochondria were extracted from brain, heart, lung, liver and kidneys in twelve Wistar rats (8 weeks) using differential centrifugations. Maximal oxidative capacities (Vmax), mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes activity using succinate (Vsucc, complexes II, III, and IV activities) or N, N, N', N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediaminedihydrochloride
(tmpd)/ascorbate (Vtmpd, complex IV activity) and, mitochondrial coupling (Vmax/Vo) were determined in controls and after exposure to 100, 200, 300 and 500 µg/ml Fe3O4.
GLP compliance:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: nanoform
Details on test material:
Iron oxide nanoparticles were acquired from the Faculty of science of Bizerte, Tunisia.

Results and discussion

Any other information on results incl. tables

As compared to baseline values and in all tissues examined, exposure to ION (iron oxide nanoparticles) did not alter mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes activities whatever the nanoparticles (NPs) concentration used. Thus, ION did not show any toxicity on mitochondrial coupling and respiratory chain complexes I, II, III, and IV activities in these five major organs.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Executive summary:

The study evaluates the effects of iron oxide nanoparticles (ION) on mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes activities in five organs characterized by different oxidative capacities and strongly involved in body detoxification. Isolated mitochondria were extracted from brain, heart, lung, liver and kidneys in twelve Wistar rats (8 weeks) using differential centrifugations. Maximal oxidative capacities (Vmax), mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes activity using succinate (Vsucc, complexes II, III, and IV activities) or N, N, N', N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediaminedihydrochloride (tmpd)/ascorbate (Vtmpd, complex IV activity) and, mitochondrial coupling (Vmax/Vo) were determined in controls and after exposure to 100, 200, 300 and 500 µg/ml Fe3O4.

As compared to baseline values and in all tissues examined, exposure to ION (iron oxide nanoparticles) did not alter mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes activities whatever the nanoparticles (NPs) concentration used. Thus, ION did not show any toxicity on mitochondrial coupling and respiratory chain complexes I, II, III, and IV activities in these five major organs.