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Physical & Chemical properties

Flammability

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Endpoint:
pyrophoric liquids
Data waiving:
study scientifically not necessary / other information available
Justification for data waiving:
the study does not need to be conducted because the substance is known to be stable in contact with air at room temperature for prolonged periods of time (days) and hence, the classification procedure does not need to be applied
the study does not need to be conducted because the organic substance does not contain metals or metalloids and hence, the classification procedure does not need to be applied
Justification for type of information:
JUSTIFICATION FOR DATA WAIVING
According to ECHA Guidance on the Application of the CLP Criteria (v5.0, July 2017, §2.9.), the chemical structure (hydrocarbon) does not fall into critical categories (eg organo-metals/metalloids, organo-phosphines, hydrides, their derivatives and haloacetylene derivatives), and the experience in handling, testing and use of the substance shows that the liquid does not ignite spontaneously.
Therefore, the study was considered as unnecessary.
Endpoint:
flammable solids
Data waiving:
study technically not feasible
Justification for data waiving:
the study does not need to be conducted because the substance is a liquid
Justification for type of information:
JUSTIFICATION FOR DATA WAIVING:
In accordance with section 2 of REACh Annex XI, flammability studies relevant for classification criteria under 4.13 do not apply to liquids. Please refer to flash point under 4.11.
Reason / purpose for cross-reference:
data waiving: supporting information
Reason / purpose for cross-reference:
data waiving: supporting information
Endpoint:
substances / mixtures which in contact with water emit flammable gases
Data waiving:
study scientifically not necessary / other information available
Justification for data waiving:
the study does not need to be conducted because the organic substance does not contain metals or metalloids and hence, the classification procedure does not need to be applied
the study does not need to be conducted because the experience in production or handling shows that the substance does not react with water, e.g. the substance is manufactured with water or washed with water
Justification for type of information:
JUSTIFICATION FOR DATA WAIVING
According to ECHA Guidance on the Application of the CLP Criteria (v5.0, July 2017, §2.12.), the chemical structure (hydrocarbon) does not fall into critical categories (eg no metals or metalloids), and the experience in handling, testing and use of the substance shows no hazardous reaction.
Therefore, the study was considered as unnecessary.
Endpoint:
self-heating substances / mixtures
Data waiving:
study scientifically not necessary / other information available
Justification for data waiving:
the study does not need to be conducted because the substance is a liquid
Justification for type of information:
JUSTIFICATION FOR DATA WAIVING:
According to ECHA Guidance on the Application of the CLP Criteria (v5.0, July 2017, §2.11.4.2.), "the phenomenon of self-heating generally applies only to solids. The surface of liquids is not large enough for reaction with air, and the test method (UN N4) is not applicable to liquids. Therefore liquids, unless adsorbed, are not classified as self-heating."
Moreover, the chemical structure (hydrocarbon) does not contain metals or metalloids, which are typically self-heating substances
Reason / purpose for cross-reference:
data waiving: supporting information

Description of key information

Flash Point= 54.4°C (exp): The substance is classified as a FLAMMABLE LIQUID Category 3 according to Regulation (EC) N°1272/2008 (CLP criteria) and UN Globally Harmonized System (GHS criteria).

Not flammable if contact with air or water (waived).

No self-heating anticipated (waived).

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Flammability:
flammable

Additional information

As the substance is a liquid, the relevant test for flammable properties is the flash point measurement. See point 4.11.

Justification for classification or non-classification

The measured flash point (54.4°C) is between the thresholds of 23 and 60°C, therefore the substance is classified as a FLAMMABLE LIQUID Category 3 according to Regulation (EC) N°1272/2008 (CLP) and UN Globally Harmonized System (GHS) criteria.

Based on the chemical structure of the substance and experience in handling and use of the substance, no flammable properties are anticipated if contact with air or water, therefore studies were deemed unnecessary in accordance with section 1 of REACh Annex XI.

Finally considering that the substance is a liquid, no classification as self-heating substance is anticipated.