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Biodegradation in water: screening tests

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Reference
Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: screening tests
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
The supporting QMRF report has been attached
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 301 C (Ready Biodegradability: Modified MITI Test (I))
Principles of method if other than guideline:
The prediction was done by using OECD QSAR tool box v3.4
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material: Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-)
- IUPAC name: lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-)
- Molecular formula: C34H24CrN8O6.Li
- Molecular weight: 699.5506 g/mole
- Smiles :[Li+].CC1=NN(C(=O)C1\2[Cr-]3(OC(=O)c4c(cccc4)/N=N/C35C(=O)N(N=C5C)c6ccccc6)OC(=O)c7c(cccc7)/N=N2)c8ccccc8
- Inchl: 1S/2C17H13N4O3.Cr.Li/c2*1-11-15(16(22)21(20-11)12-7-3-2-4-8-12)19-18-14-10-6-5-9-13(14)17(23)24;;/h2*2-10H,1H3,(H,23,24);;/q;;2*+1/ p-2/b2*19-18+;;
- Substance type: Organic
- Physical state: Solid
Oxygen conditions:
not specified
Inoculum or test system:
other: Microorganisms
Duration of test (contact time):
28 d
Parameter followed for biodegradation estimation:
other: BOD
Key result
Parameter:
other: % degradation by BOD
Value:
2.25
Sampling time:
28 d
Remarks on result:
other: other details not available
Details on results:
Percent biodegradation of the test chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-)was estimated to be 2.25% by considering BOD as parameter and Microorganism as inoculum in 28 days

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: BOD
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 5 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((("a" or "b" or "c" )  and "d" )  and "e" )  and ("f" and "g" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SN1 AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic azo by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 AND AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds in heterocyclic ring systems AND AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds in heterocyclic ring systems >> Pyrazolone and Pyrazolidine Derivatives AND AN2 >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds (AN2) AND AN2 >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds (AN2) >> Pyrazolone and Pyrazolidine Derivatives AND Schiff base formation AND Schiff base formation >> Schiff base on pyrazolones and pyrazolidinones AND Schiff base formation >> Schiff base on pyrazolones and pyrazolidinones >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as weeks - months by Biodeg primary (Biowin 4) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as longer than months by Biodeg ultimate (Biowin 3) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of Molecular weight which is >= 622 Da

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of Molecular weight which is <= 819 Da

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not specified
Interpretation of results:
not readily biodegradable
Conclusions:
Percent biodegradation of the test chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-)was estimated to be 2.25% by considering BOD as parameter and Microorganism as inoculum in 28 days. On the basis of percent degradability value it can be concluded that test chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-)is not readily biodegradable.
Executive summary:

Biodegradability of test chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-) (CAS no. 83949-60-4) was estimated by using OECD QSAR tool box v3.4 by considering five closest read across chemical log Kow as primary descriptor. Percent biodegradation of the test chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-)was estimated to be 2.25% by considering BOD as parameter and Microorganism as inoculum in 28 days. On the basis of percent degradability value it can be concluded that test chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-)is not readily biodegradable.

Description of key information

Biodegradability of test chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-) (CAS no. 83949-60-4) was estimated by using OECD QSAR tool box v3.4 by considering five closest read across chemical log Kow as primary descriptor. Percent biodegradation of the test chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-)was estimated to be 2.25% by considering BOD as parameter and Microorganism as inoculum in 28 days. On the basis of percent degradability value it can be concluded that test chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-)is not readily biodegradable.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Biodegradation in water:
under test conditions no biodegradation observed

Additional information

To different predicted data studies for target chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-) (CAS no. 83949-60-4) have been done and one experimental study for its structurally similar read across chemical was reviewed for biodegradation endpoint and their results are summarized below.

In first predicted data study the biodegradability of test chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-) (CAS no. 83949-60-4) was estimated by using OECD QSAR tool box v3.4 by considering five closest read across chemical log Kow as primary descriptor. Percent biodegradation of the test chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-)was estimated to be 2.25% by considering BOD as parameter and Microorganism as inoculum in 28 days. On the basis of percent degradability value it can be concluded that test chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-)is not readily biodegradable.

Another predicted data study was done by using Estimation Programs Interface Suite (EPI suite, 2018) to estimate the biodegradation potential of the test compound Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-) (CAS no. 83949-60-4) in the presence of mixed populations of environmental microorganisms. The biodegradability of the substance was calculated using seven different models such as Linear Model, Non-Linear Model, Ultimate Biodegradation Timeframe, Primary Biodegradation Timeframe, MITI Linear Model, MITI Non-Linear Model and Anaerobic Model (called Biowin 1-7, respectively) of the BIOWIN v4.10 software. The results indicate that chemical  Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-) is expected to be not readily biodegradable.

Next study was experimental study done from authoritative database (J check, 2017) in this study the read across chemical 2,2'-[(3,3'-dichlorobiphenyl-4,4'-diyl)didiazene-2,1-diyl]bis(3-oxo-N-phenylbutanamide) (CAS no. 6358-85-6) was subjected to biodegradation test by taking activated sludge as inoculums at 30 mg/L concentration. Biodegradation was analysed by using BOD parameter .The initial concentration of read across chemical used was 100 mg/L. The test chemical 2,2'-[(3,3'-dichlorobiphenyl-4,4'-diyl)didiazene-2,1-diyl]bis(3-oxo-N-phenylbutanamide) showed 0 % biodegradability by BOD parameter by using activated sludge as inoculums in 14 days. On the basis of percent biodegradability it is concluded that read across chemical 2,2'-[(3,3'-dichlorobiphenyl-4,4'-diyl)didiazene-2,1-diyl]bis(3-oxo-N-phenylbutanamide)is not readily biodegradable.

 On the basis of all the studies mentioned above it can be concluded that test chemical Lithium bis[2-[(4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)azo]benzoato(2-)]chromate(1-) (CAS no. 83949-60-4) is not readily biodegradable.