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Administrative data

Description of key information

Skin irritation

The dermal irritation potential of target chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen (CAS No: 72928-87-1) was assessedin various experimental studies which were conducted on rabbits and guinea pigs for target chemicalChromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen  and its structurally similar read across substancesChromium(3+) ion hydrogen bis([(6E)-6-{2-[(4Z)-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-4 ,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-ylidene]hydrazin-1 -ylidene}cyclohexa-2,4-dien-1- ylidene]methanebis(olate)) (Acid yellow 121) [CAS:5601-29-6] and Chromium complex of 1-phenyl-3-methyl 4-(2'hydroxy-3'-sulfo-5'-chlorophenylazo) 5 -hydroxypyrazole(Acid Red 180)[CAS: 6408-26-0]. The predicted data usingQSAR toolboxhas also been compared with the experimental data.Based on the available data for the target and read across substances and applying the weight of evidence approach, it can be concluded that chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen  is unable to cause skin irritation and thus considered as not irritating. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

 

Eye irritation

An ocular irritation potential of target chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen  was assessedin various experimental studies which were conducted on rabbits and guinea pigs for target chemicalChromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen  and its structurally similar read across substancesChromium(3+) ion hydrogen bis([(6E)-6-{2-[(4Z)-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-4 ,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-ylidene]hydrazin-1 -ylidene}cyclohexa-2,4-dien-1- ylidene]methanebis(olate)) (Acid yellow 121) [CAS:5601-29-6] and 4,4'-[(3,3'-dichloro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[2,4-dihydro-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-one](Pigment Orange 13)[CAS: 3520-72-7]. The predicted data usingQSAR toolboxhas also been compared with the experimental data.Based on the available data for the target and read across substances and applying the weight of evidence approach, it can be concluded that chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen  is unable to cause eye damage and thus can be considered as not irritating. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is from OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.4 and QMRF report has been attached
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: estimated data
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction is done using QSAR Toolbox version 3.4
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Name: Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo] -4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen
SMILES:Cc1cc(N(=O)=O)c(O)c(N=NC{-}2(.[Cr]{3+}3.C{-}4(C(C)=NN(c5cccc(S(N)(=O)=O)c5)C4=O)N=Nc4cc(CC(C)(C)C)cc(N(=O)=O)c4O{-}.3)C(C)=NN(c3ccccc3)C2=O)c1
InChI:1S/C21H23N6O6S.C17H14N5O4.Cr/c1-12-18(20(29)26(25-12)14-6-5-7-15(10-14)34(22,32)33)24-23-16-8-13(11-21(2,3)4)9-17(19(16)28)27(30)31;1-10-8-13(16(23)14(9-10)22(25)26)18-19-15-11(2)20-21(17(15)24)12-6-4-3-5-7-12;/h5-10,28H,11H2,1-4H3,(H2,22,32,33);3-9,23H,1-2H3;/q2*-1;+3/p-1/b24-23+;19-18+;
Molecular Formula: C38H35CrN11O10S.H
Molecular Weight: 890.831 g/mole
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
No data available
Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Preparation of test site:
shaved
Vehicle:
not specified
Controls:
not specified
Amount / concentration applied:
No data available
Duration of treatment / exposure:
24 hours
Observation period:
72 hours
Number of animals:
No data available
Details on study design:
No data available
Irritation parameter:
overall irritation score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
72 h
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
No skin irritation was observed in treated rabbits.

Estimation method: Takes mode value from the 7 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" )  and ("e" and ( not "f") )  )  and ("g" and ( not "h") )  )  and ("i" and ( not "j") )  )  and ("k" and ( not "l") )  )  and ("m" and ( not "n") )  )  and ("o" and ( not "p") )  )  and ("q" and "r" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as m,p - Cresols by OECD HPV Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Alkyl phenols AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic nitro AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic azo by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) sulfonamide group AND Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) sulfonamide group >> Arenesulfonamides AND AN2 AND AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds in heterocyclic ring systems AND AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds in heterocyclic ring systems >> Pyrazolone and Pyrazolidine Derivatives AND AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition at polarized N-functional double bond AND AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition at polarized N-functional double bond >> Arenesulfonamides AND AN2 >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds (AN2) AND AN2 >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds (AN2) >> Pyrazolone and Pyrazolidine Derivatives AND Schiff base formation AND Schiff base formation >> Schiff base on pyrazolones and pyrazolidinones AND Schiff base formation >> Schiff base on pyrazolones and pyrazolidinones >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Alkyl phenols AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic nitro AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic azo by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Direct Addition of an Acyl Halide OR Acylation >> Direct Addition of an Acyl Halide >> Acyl halide OR Acylation >> P450 Mediated Activation to Isocyanates or Isothiocyanates OR Acylation >> P450 Mediated Activation to Isocyanates or Isothiocyanates >> Formamides OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation of Heterocyclic Ring Systems OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation of Heterocyclic Ring Systems >> Furans OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Hydroquinones OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition >> Alpha, beta- unsaturated amides OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition >> Alpha, beta- unsaturated esters OR No alert found OR Schiff base formers OR Schiff base formers >> Chemicals Activated by P450 to Glyoxal  OR Schiff base formers >> Chemicals Activated by P450 to Glyoxal  >> Ethanolamines (including morpholine) OR Schiff base formers >> Direct Acting Schiff Base Formers OR Schiff base formers >> Direct Acting Schiff Base Formers >> Alpha-beta-dicarbonyl OR SN1 >> Carbenium Ion Formation OR SN1 >> Carbenium Ion Formation >> Allyl benzenes OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation >> Aliphatic tertiary amines OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic phenylureas OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Primary (unsaturated) heterocyclic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Primary aromatic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Tertiary aromatic amine OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Direct Acting Epoxides and related OR SN2 >> Direct Acting Epoxides and related >> Epoxides OR SN2 >> P450 Mediated Epoxidation OR SN2 >> P450 Mediated Epoxidation >> Coumarins OR SN2 >> SN2 at an sp3 Carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at an sp3 Carbon atom >> Aliphatic halides OR SN2 >> SN2 at an sp3 Carbon atom >> Sulfonates by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, MW>500 by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, impaired OH or NH2 group OR Non binder, without OH or NH2 group OR Strong binder, OH group OR Weak binder, OH group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SN2 OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom >> Alkyl diazo by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND Group All log Kow > 9 AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group CN Lipid Solubility < 0.4 g/kg OR (!Undefined)Group CNHal Lipid Solubility < 4 g/kg by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND Group All log Kow > 9 AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group CNS Surface Tension > 62 mN/m by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Anion AND Aromatic compound AND Carbonic acid derivative AND Cation AND Heterocyclic compound AND Hydroxy compound AND Nitro compound AND Phenol AND Sulfonamide AND Sulfonic acid derivative by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol)

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Primary alcohol by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol)

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= 9.4

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 15.3

Interpretation of results:
other: not irritating
Conclusions:
The chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen was estimated to be not irritating to the skin of New Zealand White rabbits. Based on the estimated results, Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen (CAS No: 72928-87-1) can be considered to be not irritating to skin.
Executive summary:

The dermal irritation potential of Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen(CAS No: 72928-87-1)was estimated using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.4 with logPow as the primary descriptor. The chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen was estimated to be not irritating to the skin of New Zealand White rabbits. Based on the estimated results, Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen(CAS No: 72928-87-1)can be considered to be not irritating to skin and can be classified under the category “Not Classified” as per CLP regulation.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Eye irritation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is from OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.4 and QMRF report has been attached
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: estimated data
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction is done using QSAR Toolbox version 3.4
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Name: Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo] -4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen
SMILES:Cc1cc(N(=O)=O)c(O)c(N=NC{-}2(.[Cr]{3+}3.C{-}4(C(C)=NN(c5cccc(S(N)(=O)=O)c5)C4=O)N=Nc4cc(CC(C)(C)C)cc(N(=O)=O)c4O{-}.3)C(C)=NN(c3ccccc3)C2=O)c1
InChI:1S/C21H23N6O6S.C17H14N5O4.Cr/c1-12-18(20(29)26(25-12)14-6-5-7-15(10-14)34(22,32)33)24-23-16-8-13(11-21(2,3)4)9-17(19(16)28)27(30)31;1-10-8-13(16(23)14(9-10)22(25)26)18-19-15-11(2)20-21(17(15)24)12-6-4-3-5-7-12;/h5-10,28H,11H2,1-4H3,(H2,22,32,33);3-9,23H,1-2H3;/q2*-1;+3/p-1/b24-23+;19-18+;
Molecular Formula: C38H35CrN11O10S.H
Molecular Weight: 890.831 g/mole
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
No data available
Vehicle:
not specified
Controls:
not specified
Amount / concentration applied:
No data available
Duration of treatment / exposure:
single application
Observation period (in vivo):
72 hours
Irritation parameter:
overall irritation score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
72 h
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
No eye irritation was observed.

Estimation method: Takes mode value from the 7 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" )  and ("e" and ( not "f") )  )  and ("g" and ( not "h") )  )  and ("i" and ( not "j") )  )  and ("k" and ( not "l") )  )  and ("m" and ( not "n") )  )  and ("o" and ( not "p") )  )  and ("q" and ( not "r") )  )  and ("s" and ( not "t") )  )  and "u" )  and ("v" and ( not "w") )  )  and ("x" and "y" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as m,p - Cresols by OECD HPV Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Alkyl phenols AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic nitro AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic azo by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) sulfonamide group AND Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) sulfonamide group >> Arenesulfonamides AND AN2 AND AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds in heterocyclic ring systems AND AN2 >> Michael addition to activated double bonds in heterocyclic ring systems >> Pyrazolone and Pyrazolidine Derivatives AND AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition at polarized N-functional double bond AND AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition at polarized N-functional double bond >> Arenesulfonamides AND AN2 >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds (AN2) AND AN2 >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds (AN2) >> Pyrazolone and Pyrazolidine Derivatives AND Schiff base formation AND Schiff base formation >> Schiff base on pyrazolones and pyrazolidinones AND Schiff base formation >> Schiff base on pyrazolones and pyrazolidinones >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, MW>500 by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, impaired OH or NH2 group OR Non binder, non cyclic structure OR Non binder, without OH or NH2 group OR Strong binder, NH2 group OR Strong binder, OH group OR Very strong binder, OH group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acyl halides (including benzyl and carbamoyl deriv.) OR Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes >> Polarised alkene - esters OR SN2 OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom >> Alkyl diazo OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom >> Allyl acetates and related chemicals OR SNAr OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution >> Activated halo-benzenes OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution >> Halo-triazines by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.000005 g/L AND Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.00002 g/L AND Group All log Kow > 9 AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C AND Group All Molecular Weight > 650 g/mol by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group CNHal Lipid Solubility < 400 g/kg by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.000005 g/L AND Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.00002 g/L AND Group All log Kow > 9 AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C AND Group All Molecular Weight > 650 g/mol by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group All log Kow < -3.1 by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.000005 g/L AND Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.00002 g/L AND Group All log Kow > 9 AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C AND Group All Molecular Weight > 650 g/mol by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group C Aqueous Solubility < 0.0001 g/L OR Group C Aqueous Solubility < 0.0005 g/L OR Group C Melting Point > 55 C by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.000005 g/L AND Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.00002 g/L AND Group All log Kow > 9 AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C AND Group All Molecular Weight > 650 g/mol by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group CN Aqueous Solubility < 0.1 g/L by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.000005 g/L AND Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.00002 g/L AND Group All log Kow > 9 AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C AND Group All Molecular Weight > 650 g/mol by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group CNS log Kow > 3.6 by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.000005 g/L AND Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.00002 g/L AND Group All log Kow > 9 AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C AND Group All Molecular Weight > 650 g/mol by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "t"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group CNS Melting Point > 200 C by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "u"

Similarity boundary:Target: Cc1cc(N(=O)=O)c(O)c(N=NC{-}2(.[Cr]{3+}3.C{-}4(C(C)=NN(c5cccc(S(N)(=O)=O)c5)C4=O)N=Nc4cc(CC(C)(C)C)cc(N(=O)=O)c4O{-}.3)C(C)=NN(c3ccccc3)C2=O)c1
Threshold=50%,
Dice(Atom centered fragments)
Atom type; Count H attached; Hybridization

Domain logical expression index: "v"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non-Metals AND Transition Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "w"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkali Earth by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "x"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= 8.83

Domain logical expression index: "y"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 15.3

Interpretation of results:
other: not irritating
Conclusions:
The chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen (CAS No: 72928-87-1) was estimated to be not irritating to the eyes of New Zealand White rabbits. Based on the estimated results, Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen (CAS No: 72928-87-1) can be considered to be not irritating to eyes.
Executive summary:

The ocular irritation potential of Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen(CAS No: 72928-87-1)was estimated using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.4 with logPow as the primary descriptor. The chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen(CAS No: 72928-87-1)was estimated to be not irritating to the eyes of New Zealand White rabbits. Based on the estimated results, Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen(CAS No: 72928-87-1)can be considered to be not irritating to eyes and can be classified under the category “Not Classified” as per CLP regulation.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Respiratory irritation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Skin irritation:

Various studieshas been investigated for the test chemicalChromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen (CAS No: 72928-87-1)to observe the potential for dermal irritation to a greater or lesser extent. The studies are based on in vivo experiments in rabbits and guinea pigs for target chemicalChromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen  and its structurally similar read across substancesChromium(3+) ion hydrogen bis([(6E)-6-{2-[(4Z)-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-4 ,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-ylidene]hydrazin-1 -ylidene}cyclohexa-2,4-dien-1- ylidene]methanebis(olate)) (Acid yellow 121) [CAS:5601-29-6] and Chromium complex of 1-phenyl-3-methyl 4-(2'hydroxy-3'-sulfo-5'-chlorophenylazo) 5 -hydroxypyrazole(Acid Red 180)[CAS: 6408-26-0].The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental data and summarized as below;

 

 

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the skin irritation potential was estimated for test chemicalChromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen .The chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen  is estimated to be not irritating to skin of rabbits.

 

The Commission Of The European Communities { Scientific Committee on Cosmetology (seventh series), 1988} reported a skin irritation study for read across chemical Chromium(3+) ion hydrogen bis([(6E)-6-{2-[(4Z)-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-4 ,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-ylidene]hydrazin-1 -ylidene}cyclohexa-2,4-dien-1- ylidene]methanebis(olate)) (Acid yellow 121) [CAS:5601-29-6]. In this test, 0.1% test chemical in Cremophor EL : water (15:85) was applied on the guinea pig skin three times a day on two successive days and washed away after 20 minutes exposure. The guinea pigs were observed for dermal reactions. Repeated exposures to the test chemical did not cause any dermal irritation/corrosion in guinea pigs. Hence, chromium(3+) ion hydrogen bis([(6E)-6-{2-[(4Z)-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-4,5 -dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-ylidene]hydrazin-1-ylidene}cyclohexa-2,4-dien-1-ylidene]methanebis(olate)) was considered to be not irritating to skin.

 

These results were further supported by another the experimental study summarized by Commission Of The European Communities {Scientific Committee on Cosmetology (seventh series), 1988} for read across chemical, Chromium complex of 1-phenyl-3-methyl 4-(2'hydroxy-3'-sulfo-5'-chlorophenylazo) 5-hydroxypyrazole(Acid Red 180)[CAS: 6408-26-0]. 1% aqueous solution of the test chemical in 1% methylcellulose was applied on the skin of guinea pigs 3 times on day 1, and 3 times on day 2. The guinea pigs were evaluated daily for dermal reactions. No dermal reactions were observed even after repeated daily exposures to the test chemical. Hence, Chromium complex of 1-phenyl-3-methyl 4-(2'hydroxy-3'-sulfo-5'-chlorophenylazo) 5 -hydroxypyrazole(Acid Red 180)[CAS: 6408-26-0] can be considered to be not irritating to guinea pig skin.

 

Based on the available data for the target and read across substances and applying the weight of evidence approach, it can be concluded that chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen (CAS No: 72928-87-1)  is unable to cause skin irritation and considered as not irritating. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

 

 

Eye irritation:

In different studies,the test chemicalChromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen     (CAS No: 72928-87-1) has been investigated for potential for ocular irritationto a greater or lesser extent. The studies are based on in vivo experiments in rabbits and guinea pigs for target chemicalChromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen     andits structurally similar read across substance1,3 -Naphthalenedisulfonic acid, 7-hydroxy-8-((4-sulfo-1-naphthalenyl)azo)-, trisodium salt (Acid Red 18) [2611-82-7] andfunctionally similar read across substancesChromium(3+) ion hydrogen bis([(6E)-6-{2-[(4Z)-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-4 ,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-ylidene]hydrazin-1 -ylidene}cyclohexa-2,4-dien-1- ylidene]methanebis(olate)) (Acid yellow 121) [CAS:5601-29-6] and 4,4'-[(3,3'-dichloro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[2,4-dihydro-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-one](Pigment Orange 13)[CAS: 3520-72-7].The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental data and summarized as below;

 

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the eye irritation potential was estimated for test chemicalChromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen   . The chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen     is estimated to be not irritating to eye of New Zealand White rabbits.

 

The Commission Of The European Communities { Scientific Committee on Cosmetology (seventh series), 1988} reported an ocular irritation study for read across chemical Chromium(3+) ion hydrogen bis([(6E)-6-{2-[(4Z)-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-4 ,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-ylidene]hydrazin-1 -ylidene}cyclohexa-2,4-dien-1- ylidene]methanebis(olate)) (Acid yellow 121) [CAS:5601-29-6]. During the test, 0.1% test chemical in Cremophor EL : water mixture was instilled into the guinea pig eyes and observed for reactions. No positive ocular irritation reactions were observed. Hence, Chromium(3+) ion hydrogen bis([(6E)-6-{2-[(4Z)-3-methyl-5-oxo-1-phenyl-4 ,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-ylidene]hydrazin-1 -ylidene}cyclohexa-2,4-dien-1- ylidene]methanebis(olate)) was considered to be not eye irritant.

 

These results were further supported by another experimental study summarized by Commission Of The European Communities {Scientific Committee on Cosmetology (seventh series), 1988} for read across chemical, 4,4'-[(3,3'-dichloro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[2,4-dihydro-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-one](Pigment Orange 13)[CAS: 3520-72-7]. 100 mg undiluted test chemical was instilled into the eyes of rabbits and observed for effects till 7 days. Slight irritation effects were observed which were fully recovered within 7 days. Hence, 4,4'-[(3,3'-dichloro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[2,4-dihydro-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-one was considered to be not irritating to rabbit eye.

 

Based on the available data for the target and read across substances and applying the weight of evidence approach, it can be concluded that chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen (CAS No: 72928-87-1) is unable to cause eye irritation and considered as not irritating. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

Justification for classification or non-classification

The skin and eye irritation potential of test chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen     (CAS No: 72928-87-1)and its structurally and functionally similar read across substanceswere observed in various studies. The results obtained from these studies indicate that the chemical Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen is unlikely to cause skin and eye irritation. Hence Chromate(1-), [2,4-dihydro-4-[(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-nitrophenyl)azo]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-3H-pyrazol-3-onato(2-)][3-[4-[[5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-2-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl]azo]-4,5-dihydro-3-methyl-5-oxo-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]benzenesulfonamidato(2-)]-, hydrogen (CAS No: 72928-87-1)   can be classified under the category “Not Classified” for skin and eye as per CLP.