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Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

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Reference
Endpoint:
toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is from OECD QSAR toolbox version.3.3 and QMRF report has been attached.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: Predicted data
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction is done using QSAR Toolbox version 3.3 with log kow as the primary discriptors.
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of the test material: Trisodium [2-[[alpha-[[2-hydroxy-5-sulpho-3-[(2,5,6-trichloro- 4-pyrimidinyl)amino]phenyl]azo]benzyl]azo]-5-sulphobenzoato(5-)]cupra
- IUPAC name: Trisodium [2-[[alpha-[[2-hydroxy-5-sulpho-3-[(2,5,6-trichloro- 4-pyrimidinyl)amino]phenyl]azo]benzyl]azo]-5-sulphobenzoato(5-)]cupra
- Molecular weight: No data
- Molecular formula: C24H11Cl3CuN7O9S2.3Na
-substance type: organic
-physical state: solid
- Smiles:OS(=O)(=O)c1ccc2c(c1)C(=O)O{-}.[Cu]{2+}13N2=NC(c2ccccc2)N=N1c1cc(S(O)(=O)=O)cc(Nc2c(Cl)c(Cl)nc(Cl)n2)c1O{-}.3
Analytical monitoring:
not specified
Vehicle:
not specified
Test organisms (species):
Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (previous names: Raphidocelis subcapitata, Selenastrum capricornutum)
Test type:
static
Water media type:
freshwater
Total exposure duration:
72 h
Key result
Duration:
72 h
Dose descriptor:
EC50
Effect conc.:
138.48 mg/L
Nominal / measured:
estimated
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth rate
Remarks on result:
other: not toxic

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: EC50
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 5 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

((((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" )  and ("d" and ( not "e") )  )  and ("f" and ( not "g") )  )  and ("h" and ( not "i") )  )  and ("j" and ( not "k") )  )  and "l" )  and "m" )  and "n" )  and "o" )  and ("p" and ( not "q") )  )  and ("r" and "s" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals AND Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SNAr AND SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds AND SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds >> Activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SNAr AND SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution AND SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution >> Halo-pyrimidines by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition reaction with cycloisomerization OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition reaction with cycloisomerization >> Hydrazine Derivatives OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release >> Specific Acetate Esters OR Radical OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation (indirect) or direct radical attack on DNA OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation (indirect) or direct radical attack on DNA >> Organic Peroxy Compounds OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Hydrazine Derivatives OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Acylation OR SN2 >> Acylation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Direct nucleophilic attack on diazonium cation OR SN2 >> Direct nucleophilic attack on diazonium cation >> Hydrazine Derivatives OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Specific Acetate Esters by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.4

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, MW>500 by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Strong binder, NH2 group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, MW>500 by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, non cyclic structure by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SNAr AND SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds AND SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds >> Activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> (Tio)carbamoylation of protein nucleophiles OR Acylation >> (Tio)carbamoylation of protein nucleophiles >> Isothiocyanates, Isocyanates OR Acylation >> Acylation involving an activated (glucuronidated) ester group by Protein binding by OASIS v1.4

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Class 5 (Not possible to classify according to these rules) by Acute aquatic toxicity classification by Verhaar (Modified) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Class 5 (Not possible to classify according to these rules) by Acute aquatic toxicity classification by Verhaar (Modified) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Reactive unspecified by Acute aquatic toxicity MOA by OASIS ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Reactive unspecified by Acute aquatic toxicity MOA by OASIS ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Anion AND Aromatic compound AND Carbonic acid derivative AND Carboxylic acid derivative AND Carboxylic acid salt AND Cation AND Halogen derivative AND Sulfonic acid AND Sulfonic acid derivative by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol)

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol)

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= -10.9

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 1.5

Conclusions:
Based on the prediction done using the OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with log kow as the primary descriptor and considering the closest read across substances, the toxicity on aquatic algae predicted for Trisodium [2-[[alpha-[[2-hydroxy-5-sulpho-3-[(2,5,6-trichloro- 4-pyrimidinyl)amino]phenyl]azo]benzyl]azo]-5-sulphobenzoato(5-)]cupra (CAS: 70161-20-5). Effect concentration i.e EC50 value estimated to be 138.48 mg/l for Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata for 72 hrs duration. It can be concluded that the Trisodium [2-[[alpha-[[2-hydroxy-5-sulpho-3-[(2,5,6-trichloro- 4-pyrimidinyl)amino]phenyl]azo]benzyl]azo]-5-sulphobenzoato(5-)]cupra (CAS: 70161-20-5) is likely to be not toxic to aquatic algae, hence it can be considered to be “not classified” as per the CLP classification criteria for aquatic environment.
Executive summary:

Based on the prediction done using the OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with log kow as the primary descriptor and considering the closest read across substances, the toxicity on aquatic algae predicted for Trisodium [2-[[alpha-[[2-hydroxy-5-sulpho-3-[(2,5,6-trichloro- 4-pyrimidinyl)amino]phenyl]azo]benzyl]azo]-5-sulphobenzoato(5-)]cupra (CAS: 70161-20-5). Effect concentration i.e EC50 value estimated to be 138.48 mg/l for Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata for 72 hrs duration. It can be concluded that the Trisodium [2-[[alpha-[[2-hydroxy-5-sulpho-3-[(2,5,6-trichloro- 4-pyrimidinyl)amino]phenyl]azo]benzyl]azo]-5-sulphobenzoato(5-)]cupra (CAS: 70161-20-5) is likely to be not toxic to aquatic algae, hence it can be considered to be “not classified” as per the CLP classification criteria for aquatic environment.

Description of key information

Based on the prediction done using the OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with log kow as the primary descriptor and considering the closest read across substances, the toxicity on aquatic algae predicted for Trisodium [2-[[alpha-[[2-hydroxy-5-sulpho-3-[(2,5,6-trichloro- 4-pyrimidinyl)amino]phenyl]azo]benzyl]azo]-5-sulphobenzoato(5-)]cupra (CAS: 70161-20-5). Effect concentration i.e EC50 value estimated to be 138.48 mg/l for Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata for 72 hrs duration. It can be concluded that the Trisodium [2-[[alpha-[[2-hydroxy-5-sulpho-3-[(2,5,6-trichloro- 4-pyrimidinyl)amino]phenyl]azo]benzyl]azo]-5-sulphobenzoato(5-)]cupra (CAS: 70161-20-5) is likely to be not toxic to aquatic algae, hence it can be considered to be “not classified” as per the CLP classification criteria for aquatic environment.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

EC50 for freshwater algae:
138.48 mg/L

Additional information

Following three studies of target chemical and structurally similar read across includes predicted data and experimental data to conclude the toxicity extent of Trisodium [2-[[alpha-[[2-hydroxy-5-sulpho-3-[(2,5,6-trichloro- 4-pyrimidinyl)amino]phenyl]azo]benzyl]azo]-5-sulphobenzoato(5-)]cupra (CAS: 70161-20-5) towards aquatic algae is summarized as follows:

Based on the prediction done using the OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with log kow as the primary descriptor and considering the closest read across substances, the toxicity on aquatic algae predicted for Trisodium [2-[[alpha-[[2-hydroxy-5-sulpho-3-[(2,5,6-trichloro- 4-pyrimidinyl)amino]phenyl]azo]benzyl]azo]-5-sulphobenzoato(5-)]cupra (CAS: 70161-20-5). Effect concentration i.e EC50 value estimated to be 138.48 mg/l for Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata for 72 hrs duration. It can be concluded that the Trisodium [2-[[alpha-[[2-hydroxy-5-sulpho-3-[(2,5,6-trichloro- 4-pyrimidinyl)amino]phenyl]azo]benzyl]azo]-5-sulphobenzoato(5-)]cupra (CAS: 70161-20-5) is likely to be not toxic to aquatic algae, hence it can be considered to be “not classified” as per the CLP classification criteria for aquatic environment.

The above predicted data of target chemical is supported by the experimental study of structurally similar read across Benzyl alcohol (CAS:100-51-6) from the authoritative database J-Check 2017 suggests that the Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria according to the OECD Guideline 201 (Alga, Growth Inhibition Test) to study the effects of Benzyl alcohol. The effective concentration to 50 % of algae when exposed to Benzyl alcohol for 72 h is 770 mg/L. It can be concluded from the growth rate value that the Benzyl alcohol is not toxic to the aquatic algae can be considered as “not classified” as per the classification criteria for aquatic environment.

Thus based on the effect concentrations which is in the range 138.48 mg/L mg/l to 770 mg/l give the conclusion that test substance Trisodium [2-[[alpha-[[2-hydroxy-5-sulpho-3-[(2,5,6-trichloro- 4-pyrimidinyl)amino]phenyl]azo]benzyl]azo]-5-sulphobenzoato(5-)]cupra (CAS: 70161-20-5) was likely to be not toxic to aquatic algae at environmentally relevant concentrations and can be considered to be “not classified” as per the CLP classification criteria.