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Environmental fate & pathways

Adsorption / desorption

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Description of key information

The registered substance is produced, supplied and marketed in the presence of a liquid mineral oil solvent.  Removal of this solvent is expected to cause a change in the equilibrium of the chemical structure of the alkyrated benzene sulfonates resulting in a degradation of the chemical structure to a structure that is not representative of the substance being placed on the market in the EU.  It is, in consequence, not possible to undertake any study of the registered substance in the absence of the solvent.  This is further compounded by the fact that the presence of the mineral oil solvent changes the physical state of the registered substance from solid to liquid and will therefore have a considerable effect on the result of any test conducted on the substance in solvent.  It is therefore considered justifiable to omit any study, but the results from QSAR are included to allow for a weight of evidence approach.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Koc at 20 °C:
831 977 330

Additional information

The Koc is considered to be 8.32E+9. This figure is, however, too large for IUCLID5 to support.

The alkaryl benzene sulfonates are a group of inter-related substances of similar structure and chemical properties. Furthermore, the alkaryl benzene sulfonates have previously been assessed as a category approach under the Right to Know Initiative for HPV chemicals reviewed by the US EPA. It is therefore considered justifiable to undertake a similar approach to meet the requirements for REACH by reading across data between structurally related compounds.

As discussed above, it is not technically feasible to conduct a study to measure the adsorption coefficient of the substance and so estimations have been undertaken using the EPIWIN Modeling Program. To allow for a weight of evidence approach estimations have been made for all suitable molecular variations in the series benzene sulfonic acids and salts. The result given above is an average adsorption coefficient value calculated by QSAR across the series of substances.

To further support this approach a QSAR Prediction Reporting Format (QPRF) is attached to justify the QSAR system as adequate for estimating the value for the purposes of REACH registration

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