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Description of key information

The NOAEL is >1000 mg/kg B.W. (OECD TG407).

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Repeated dose toxicity: via oral route - systemic effects

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
short-term repeated dose toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
28 days
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study with acceptable restrictions
Justification for type of information:
Guideline study, but fails to provide good clinical and necropsy observations relating to colour changes in the animals, including colours of organs and GI tract.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 407 (Repeated Dose 28-Day Oral Toxicity Study in Rodents)
GLP compliance:
yes
Limit test:
no
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Purity ca 78%, but results expressed as material as supplied and not adjusted for purity
Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
- Source: BioLASCO Taiwan Co., Ltd.
- Age at study initiation: about 4-week old
- Housing: Male and female rats were fed, respectively. Two rats per cage in an autoclaved polyethylene cage.
- Acclimation period: 1 week
- Temperature (°C): 22 ± 3 °C
- Humidity (%): 55 ± 15%
- Photoperiod: 12-hrs dark / 12-hrs light
Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
water
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
no
Details on analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
Samples prepared daily.
Material soluble in water and homogeneous
Duration of treatment / exposure:
28 days
Frequency of treatment:
Everyday
Dose / conc.:
62.5 mg/kg bw/day (nominal)
Remarks:
Low dose group
Dose / conc.:
250 mg/kg bw/day (nominal)
Remarks:
Medium dose group
Dose / conc.:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day (nominal)
Remarks:
High dose group
No. of animals per sex per dose:
Six male and six female
Control animals:
yes, concurrent vehicle
Observations and examinations performed and frequency:
Basic clincial observations performed according to guidelines
Clinical signs:
no effects observed
Mortality:
no mortality observed
Body weight and weight changes:
effects observed, non-treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
For male rats:
The body weight of low dose group was significantly lower than control group at week 3 (ρ<0.05), but this is not considered to be of toxicological relevance
Food efficiency:
effects observed, non-treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
For male rats:
The feed efficiency of medium dose group was significantly lower than control group during at week 2 (ρ<0.05).
For female rats:
The feed efficiency of low dose group was significantly higher than control group at week 4 (ρ<0.05). The feed efficiency of medium and high does group were significantly higher than control group at week 3 and 4 (ρ<0.05).
Ophthalmological findings:
no effects observed
Haematological findings:
effects observed, non-treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
For male rats:
The WBC of low, medium and high dose group and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) of medium and high dose group were lower than control group (ρ<0.05).
For female rats:
The mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and basophil of medium dose group and prothrombin time (PT) of medium and high dose group were significantly higher than control group (ρ<0.05).
Clinical biochemistry findings:
effects observed, non-treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
For male rats:
The total protein of medium dose group, triglyceride (TG) of high dose group and globulin of all treatment groups were lower than control group (ρ<0.05). The P of high dose group was higher than control group (ρ<0.05).
For female rats:
The glucose and TG of medium dose group was lower than control group (ρ<0.05). The Ca and P of high dose group were higher than control group (ρ<0.05).
Urinalysis findings:
no effects observed
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
effects observed, non-treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
For male rats:
The absolute weight of epididymis in medium dose groups was significantly heavier than control group (ρ<0.05). The relative organ weight of testis in low and medium dose group were significantly heavier than control group (ρ<0.05). The relative organ weight of liver in low and medium dose group was significantly lower than control group (ρ<0.05). The relative organ weight of thymus in high dose group was significantly lower than control group (ρ<0.05).
For female rats:
The relative organ weight of heart in medium dose group was significantly lower than control group (ρ<0.05).
Gross pathological findings:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
Althopugh no adverse effects are reported, the laboratory nly examined for lesions and colour changes (if any) are not reported.
Histopathological findings: non-neoplastic:
effects observed, non-treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
Only one female rat in the high dose group showed a focal, slight tubular cyst in the kidney. One female rat in the control and one male and one female rat in the high dose groups showed focal, slight tubular infarct in the kidney.
These are not considered relevant
Histopathological findings: neoplastic:
no effects observed
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
> 1 000 mg/kg bw/day (nominal)
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
clinical biochemistry
clinical signs
food efficiency
haematology
histopathology: non-neoplastic
mortality
ophthalmological examination
organ weights and organ / body weight ratios
urinalysis
Critical effects observed:
not specified
Conclusions:
According to OECD 407 test method, the NOAEL was > 1000 mg/kg B.W..
Executive summary:

This test followed OECD 407 (OECD, 2008). The test article was administered to the three treatment groups by oral gavage in a dose of 62.5, 250 and 1000 mg/kg B.W. for 28 consecutive days. There were six male and six female Sprague-Dawley rat in each group. Clinical observation of the rats was carried out daily and the body weight and feed intake of the rats were recorded once a week. Results of the study indicated that rats in all group gained weight normally and did not show any abnormal clinical signs and ophthalmological examination during the study period. At end of the study, there were no significant abnormalities of the urinalysis, haematologyand clinical biochemistry parameters between the treatment and control groups. Necropsy and histopathological examination indicated that no treatment-related change was found. On the basis of the test results given above, the NOAEL was greater than 1000 mg/kg B.W..

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
Study duration:
subacute
Species:
rat

Repeated dose toxicity: inhalation - systemic effects

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Repeated dose toxicity: dermal - systemic effects

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Repeated dose toxicity: dermal - local effects

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Repeated dose toxicity: via oral route-systemic effects

The test article was administered to the three treatment groups by oral gavage in a dose of 62.5, 250 and 1000 mg/kg B.W. for 28 consecutive days. There were six male and six female Sprague-Dawley rat in each group. Clinical observation of the rats was carried out daily and the body weight and feed intake of the rats were recorded once a week. Results of the study indicated that rats in all group gained weight normally and did not show any abnormal clinical signs and ophthalmological examination during the study period. At end of the study, there were no significant abnormalities of the urinalysis, hematology and clinical biochemistry parameters between the treatment and control groups. Necropsy and histopathological examination indicated that no treatment-related change was found.On the basis of the test results given above, the NOAEL of Everzol SB26 for the rats was great than 1000 mg/kg B.W..

Justification for classification or non-classification