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Toxicological information

Genetic toxicity: in vitro

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1998-Jun-10 to 1998-Jun-19
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1998
Report Date:
1998

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EPA OTS 798.5265 (The Salmonella typhimurium Bacterial Reverse Mutation Test)
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.13/14 (Mutagenicity - Reverse Mutation Test Using Bacteria)
GLP compliance:
yes
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Details on test material:
see below

Method

Target gene:
his
Species / strain
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and E. coli WP2
Details on mammalian cell type (if applicable):
not applicable
Additional strain / cell type characteristics:
not applicable
Cytokinesis block (if used):
none
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
S9 mix (rat liver)
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
Concentration range in the main test (with metabolic activation): 50, 160, 500, 1600, 5000 µg/plate
Concentration range in the main test (without metabolic activation): 50, 160, 500, 1600, 5000 µg/plate
Vehicle / solvent:
Vehicle(s)/solvent(s) used: double-distilled water, stability confirmed over 15 days
Controls
Untreated negative controls:
yes
Remarks:
untreated control
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
Remarks:
0 µg/plate
Positive controls:
yes
Remarks:
Without metabolic activation: sodium-azide for strain TA 100 and TA 1535, 9-aminoacridine for strain TA 1537, 2-nitrofluorene for strain TA 98, MNNG for strain WP2uvrA. With metabolic activation: 2-aminoanthracene for all strains
Positive control substance:
9-aminoacridine
2-nitrofluorene
sodium azide
other: 2-aminoanthracene
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
METHOD OF APPLICATION: in agar (plate incorporation)

DURATION
- Exposure duration: incubaton for 48 h

SELECTION AGENT (mutation assay): revert mutation

NUMBER OF REPLICATIONS:
-3 plates per strain per concentration
Evaluation criteria:
The test compound is classified as mutagenic if:
- The test compound produces at least a 2-fold increase in the mean number of revertants per plate of at least one of the tester strains over the mean number of revertants per plate of the appropriate vehicle control at complete bacterial background lawn.
OR
- The test compound induces a dose-related increase in the mean number of revertants per plate of at least one of the tester strains over the mean number of revertants per plate of the appropriate vehicle control in at least two to three concentrations of the test compound at complete bacterial background lawn.
Statistics:
means and standard deviations reported

Results and discussion

Test resultsopen allclose all
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
not determined
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
not determined
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 98
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
not determined
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1537
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
not determined
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
not determined
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Based on the results in an Ames test, Reactive Red FC73270 is not mutagenic with or without metabolic activation (5 strains tested up to 5000 µg/plate).
Executive summary:

In a reverse gene mutation assay in bacteria, strains TA 98, 100, 1535, 1537 of S. typhimurium and WP2 uvrA E. coli were exposed to Reactive Red FC 73270 at concentrations of 50, 160, 500, 1600, 5000 µg/plate in the presence and absence of mammalian metabolic activation (S9 mix).  There was no evidence of induced mutant colonies over background. The positive controls induced the appropriate responses in the corresponding strains. Based on the results, Reactive Red FC73270 is not classified as mutagenic accroding to the CLP Regulation.