Registration Dossier

Environmental fate & pathways

Biodegradation in water: screening tests

Currently viewing:

Administrative data

Link to relevant study record(s)

Reference
Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: screening tests
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is from OECD QSAR toolbox version.3.3 and QMRF report has been attached.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 301 C (Ready Biodegradability: Modified MITI Test (I))
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction is done using QSAR Toolbox version 3.3 with log kow as the primary discriptors.
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material: C.I. Basic Violet 2 / (4-[(4-amino-m-tolyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-o-toluidine monohydrochloride)
- IUPAC name: 4-[(4-amino-3-methylphenyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-2-methylaniline hydrochloride
- Molecular formula: C22H24ClN3
- Molecular weight: 365.906 g/mole
- Smiles :C(\c1cc(c(N)cc1)C)(c1cc(c(N)cc1)C)=C1\C=C(C(=[NH+])C=C1)C.[ClH-]
- Inchl: 1S/C22H23N3.ClH/c1-13-10-16(4-7-19(13)23)22(17-5-8-20(24)14(2)11-17)18-6-9-21(25)15(3)12-18;/h4-12,23H,24-25H2,1-3H3;1H
- Substance type: Organic
- Physical state: Solid Green crystalline powder
Oxygen conditions:
aerobic
Inoculum or test system:
other: micro-organisms
Duration of test (contact time):
28 d
Parameter followed for biodegradation estimation:
other: BOD
Key result
Parameter:
other: BOD
Value:
22.375
Sampling time:
28 d
Remarks on result:
other: other details not available

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: BOD
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 5 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" or "e" )  and ("f" and ( not "g") )  )  and "h" )  and "i" )  and ("j" and ( not "k") )  )  and "l" )  and "m" )  and ("n" and ( not "o") )  )  and ("p" and "q" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Anilines (Acute toxicity) AND Dianilines AND Not categorized AND Triarylmethane Pigments/Dyes with Non-solubilizing Groups by US-EPA New Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Anilines (Hindered) AND Inorganic Compound by Aquatic toxicity classification by ECOSAR

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkene OR Alkyl arenes OR Allyl OR Aniline OR Aryl OR Dianilines OR Ketimine OR No functional group found OR Precursors quinoid compounds by Organic Functional groups ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkene OR Alkyl arenes OR Allyl OR Dianilines OR Ketimine OR No functional group found OR Overlapping groups OR Precursors quinoid compounds by Organic Functional groups (nested) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aliphatic Carbon [CH] OR Aliphatic Carbon [-CH2-] OR Aliphatic Carbon [-CH3] OR Aliphatic Nitrogen, one aromatic attach [-N] OR Aromatic Carbon [C] OR No functional group found OR Olefinic carbon [=CH- or =C<] by Organic functional groups (US EPA) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found AND Non-specific AND Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    AND Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives AND Radical AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non-covalent interaction OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> p-Aminobiphenyl Analogs OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Derivatives OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> p-Aminobiphenyl Analogs OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related >> Epoxides and Aziridines OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Derivatives by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not calculated by Biodeg BioHC half-life (Biowin) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as days - weeks by Biodeg primary (Biowin 4) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Primary aromatic amine by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Alkyl phenols OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Hydroquinones OR SN1 >> Carbenium Ion Formation OR SN1 >> Carbenium Ion Formation >> Allyl benzenes OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Secondary aromatic amine by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Class 2 (less inert compounds) AND Class 5 (Not possible to classify according to these rules) by Acute aquatic toxicity classification by Verhaar (Modified) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Fast AND Very fast by Bioaccumulation - metabolism half-lives ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Halogens AND Non-Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkali Earth OR Transition Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of Molecular weight which is >= 93 Da

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of Molecular weight which is <= 198 Da

Interpretation of results:
under test conditions no biodegradation observed
Conclusions:
The test chemical 4-[(4-amino-3-methylphenyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-2-methylaniline hydrochloride was predicted to be not readily biodegradable in water.
Executive summary:

Biodegradability of 4-[(4-amino-3-methylphenyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-2-methylaniline hydrochloride (CAS no. 3248-91-7) is predicted using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with logKow as the primary descriptor. Test substance undergoes 22.375% degradation by BOD in 28 days. Thus, based on percentage degradation, the test chemical 4-[(4-amino-3-methylphenyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-2-methylaniline hydrochloride was estimated to be not readily biodegradable in water.

Description of key information

Biodegradability of 4-[(4-amino-3-methylphenyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-2-methylaniline hydrochloride (CAS no. 3248-91-7) is predicted using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with logKow as the primary descriptor. Test substance undergoes 22.375% degradation by BOD in 28 days. Thus, based on percentage degradation, the test chemical 4-[(4-amino-3-methylphenyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-2-methylaniline hydrochloride was estimated to be not readily biodegradable in water.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Biodegradation in water:
under test conditions no biodegradation observed

Additional information

Following different studies includes predicted data and experimental study for the target chemical and the structurally similar read across to conclude the biodegradation in water of 4-[(4-amino-m-tolyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-o-toluidine monohydrochloride (CAS No. 3248-91-7) in environment.

Biodegradability of 4-[(4-amino-3-methylphenyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-2-methylaniline hydrochloride (CAS no. 3248-91-7) is predicted using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with logKow as the primary descriptor. Test substance undergoes 22.375% degradation by BOD in 28 days. Thus, based on percentage degradation, the test chemical 4-[(4-amino-3-methylphenyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-2-methylaniline hydrochloride was estimated to be not readily biodegradable in water.

Similar estimated data from Estimation Programs Interface Suite (EPI suite, 2017) was run to predict the biodegradation potential of the 4-[(4-amino-m-tolyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-o-toluidine monohydrochloride (CAS no. 3248-91-7) in the presence of mixed populations of environmental microorganisms. The biodegradability of the substance was calculated using seven different models such as Linear Model, Non-Linear Model, Ultimate Biodegradation Timeframe, Primary Biodegradation Timeframe, MITI Linear Model, MITI Non-Linear Model and Anaerobic Model (called as Biowin 1-7, respectively) of the BIOWIN v4.10 software. The results indicate that chemical 4-[(4-amino-m-tolyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-o-toluidine monohydrochloride is expected to be not readily biodegradable.

The predicted data is supported by the experimental study of structurally similar read across Biphenyl-2-ylamine (CAS: 90-41-5) from the J-check indicates that the Biodegradation of Biphenyl-2-ylamine in water was assessed by the screening tests. The Biphenyl-2-ylamine as found to be non biodegradable after 28 days of duration, calculated on the basis of results obtained from BOD ,TOC and HPLC analysis.

Further it is supported by the experimental study for the structurally similar read across 4,4'-methylenedianiline(CAS: 101-77-9) from the

J-check indicates that the Biodegradation of 4,4'-methylenedianiline in water was assessed by the screening tests. The 4,4'-methylenedianiline as found to be non biodegradable after 28 days of duration, calculated on the basis of results obtained from BOD ,TOC and HPLC analysis.

On the basis of above results for target chemical 4-[(4-amino-m-tolyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-o-toluidine monohydrochloride (CAS No. 3248-91-7) (from EPI suite) and for its read across chemical (from J-CHeck 2017) it can be concluded that the chemical 2-4-[(4-amino-m-tolyl)(4-imino-3-methylcyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-ylidene)methyl]-o-toluidine monohydrochloride (CAS No. 3248-91-7) is not biodegradable in water.