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Toxicological information

Genetic toxicity: in vitro

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in vitro DNA damage and/or repair study
Type of genotoxicity: DNA damage and/or repair
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
No data
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: see 'Remark'
GLP guideline study. This study is conducted on an analogue substance. Read-across is justified on the following basis: In aqueous solutions at physiological and acidic pH, low concentrations of simple inorganic borates such as boric acid, disodium tetraborate decahydrate, disodium tetraborate pentahydrate, boric oxide and disodium octaborate tetrahydrate will predominantly exist as undissociated boric acid. At about pH 10 the metaborate anion (B(OH)4-) becomes the main species in solution (WHO, 1998). This leads to the conclusion that the main species in the plasma of mammals and in the environment is un-dissociated boric acid. Since other borates dissociate to form boric acid in aqueous solutions, they too can be considered to exist as un-dissociated boric acid under the same conditions. For comparative purposes, exposures to borates are often expressed in terms of boron (B) equivalents based on the fraction of boron in the source substance on a molecular weight basis. Some studies express dose in terms of B, whereas other studies express the dose in units of boric acid. Since the systemic effects and some of the local effects can be traced back to boric acid, results from one substance can be transferred to also evaluate the another substance on the basis of boron equivalents. Therefore data obtained from studies with these borates can be read across in the human health assessment for each individual substance. Conversion factors are given in the table below. Conversion factor for equivalent dose of B Boric acid H3BO3 0.175 Boric Oxide B2O3 0.311 Disodium tetraborate anhydrous Na2B4O7 0.215 Disodium tetraborate pentahydrate Na2B4O7•5H2O 0.148 Disodium tetraborate decahydrate Na2B4O7•10H2O 0.113 Disodium octaborate tetrahydrate Na2B8O13•4H2O 0.210 Sodium metaborate (anhydrous) NaBO2 0.1643 Sodium metaborate (dihydrate) NaBO2•2H2O 0.1062 Sodium metaborate (tetrahydrate) NaBO2•4H2O 0.0784 Sodium pentaborate (anhydrous) NaB5O8 0.2636 Sodium pentaborate (pentahydrate) NaB5O8∙5H2O 0.1832 References: WHO. Guidelines for drinking-water quality, Addendum to Volume 1, 1998.

Data source

Reference Type:

Materials and methods

Test guideline
according to guideline
other: Galloway, 1985; NTP protocol
GLP compliance:
Type of assay:
sister chromatid exchange assay in mammalian cells

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Boric acid
EC Number:
EC Name:
Boric acid
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:
Boric acid
Details on test material:
- Name of test material: Boric acid
- Analytical purity: 99.7%
- Stability: Stable


Target gene:
No data
Species / strain
Species / strain / cell type:
Chinese hamster Ovary (CHO)
Additional strain / cell type characteristics:
not specified
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
Aroclor 1254 induced rat (Sprague-Dawley) liver S9 fraction
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
With S-9; 200,300,400,and 500 µg/mL
Without S-9; 250, 500, 1600, 2000 µg/mL
Vehicle / solvent:
Controlsopen allclose all
Positive controls:
Positive control substance:
other: Mitomycin
Positive controls:
Positive control substance:
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
Induction of SCEs in Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells
Evaluation criteria:
Induction of SCEs in Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells
No data

Results and discussion

Test results
Species / strain:
Chinese hamster Ovary (CHO)
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity
Additional information on results:
No data
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Migrated from field 'Test system'.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results (migrated information):

This method generally complies with OECD 482 (DNA damage and repair, unscheduled DNA synthesis in mammalian cells in vitro). Negative result obtained for induction of sister chromatid exchange.
Read-across is justified on the basis detailed in the rationale for reliability above. This study is therefore considered to be of sufficient adequacy and reliability to be used as a supporting study and no further testing is justified.