Registration Dossier

Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Currently viewing:

Administrative data

Link to relevant study record(s)

Referenceopen allclose all

Endpoint:
toxicity to terrestrial arthropods: long-term
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: standard test and selection criteria fulfilled. standard guideline followed, well performed and well documented study. only reports an endpoint, data not presented.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
ISO 11267 (Inhibition of Reproduction of Collembola by Soil Pollutants)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
not specified
Application method:
soil
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Details on properties of test surrogate or analogue material (migrated information):
nr
Analytical monitoring:
yes
Details on sampling:
nr
Vehicle:
no
Details on preparation and application of test substrate:
Soil preparation: Test compound added in solution to soil and mixed. Soil moisture was 50-60% of WHC. Equilibration period before start of test: 1 day.
Test organisms (species):
Folsomia candida
Animal group:
Collembola (soil-dwelling springtail)
Details on test organisms:
TEST ORGANISM
- Common name: spring tail
- Source: laboratory cultures from Dr. Frank Riepert from the Biologische Bundesansalt für Land und Forstwirtschaft, Berlin, Germany.
- Age at test initiation (mean and range, SD): 10-12 days old juveniles



ACCLIMATION
- Acclimation period: at least 24h
- Feeding: 10 mg of dry yeast was added at the start of the test and another 10 mg of yeast was added after 14 days.
Study type:
laboratory study
Limit test:
no
Total exposure duration:
28 d
Post exposure observation period:
nr
Test temperature:
20 +/- 2°C
pH (if soil or dung study):
artificial soil: pH water 6.09, pH KCl 6.3-6.4 at start and end of test
clay loam reference soil: pH water 6.05, pH KCl 5.5 at start and end of test
Humidity:
50-60% of water holding capacity
Photoperiod and lighting:
16h light/8h dark
Details on test conditions:
TEST SYSTEM
- Test container (material, size): 100 ml glass container, diameter 4.5cm, height 9.5cm, with plastic covers closing tightly
glass containers were previously rinced with acetone and hexane for decontamination.
- Amount of soil or substrate: 30 g ww (20 g ww for acute tests)
- No. of organisms per container (treatment): 10
- No. of replicates per treatment group: 3
- No. of replicates per control: 5
- Container opened 2x/week to allow aeration


SOURCE AND PROPERTIES OF NATURAL SOIL
- Geographic location: clay loam reference soil: field collected soil from Alberta (Canada) and classified as a Delacour Orthic Black Chernozem.
- pH water (1:2) 6.05
- eCEC 34.5 cmol c/kg
- Soil texture (if natural soil)
- % sand: 26.6
- % silt:43.3
- % clay: 30.1
- % organic matter: 12.8
- % total carbon: 6.83
- OM: 12.8%
- Cb: below detection limit (0.9 mg B/kg dw)
- WHC 85.5% dw.


ARTIFICIAL SOIL
- Ingrediënts: 70% silica sand, 20% kaolinite clay, 10% sphangum peat and 0.25% calcium carbonate.
- pH water (1:2) 6.09
- eCEC 18.5 cmol c/kg
- Soil texture
- % sand: 77.3
- % silt: 7.8
- % clay: 14.9
- % organic matter: 9
- % total carbon: 4.46
- OM: 9%
- Cb: 3.5 mg B/kg dw
- WHC 71.6% dw
OTHER TEST CONDITIONS
- Photoperiod: 16h light/8h dark
- Light: 400-800 lux
- Equilibration period: 1 day

Nominal and measured concentrations:
Nominal:
- chronic tests: 0-20-35-50-80-120-180-270-400 mg boric acid/kg dw for both soils
- acute tests: 0-270-370-520-730-1020-1430-2000-2800 mg boric acid/kg dw for 7-day acute toxicity in the artificial soil; 0-190-270-370-520-730-1020-1430-2000 mg boric acid/kg dw for 14-day acute toxicity in the artificial soil; 0-200-300-440-670-1000-1500-2250-3380 mg boric acid/kg dw for 7-day acute toxicity in the clay loam reference soil; 0-90-130-200-300-440-670-1000-1500 mg boric acid/kg dw for 14-day acute toxicity in the clay loam reference soil.
Reference substance (positive control):
not specified
Duration:
28 d
Dose descriptor:
EC10
Effect conc.:
68.1 mg/kg bw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
B
Basis for effect:
mortality
Remarks on result:
other: artificial soil
Duration:
28 d
Dose descriptor:
EC10
Effect conc.:
13.8 mg/kg bw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
B
Basis for effect:
reproduction
Remarks:
(juvenile production)
Remarks on result:
other: artificial soil
Duration:
28 d
Dose descriptor:
EC10
Effect conc.:
66.2 mg/kg bw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
B
Basis for effect:
mortality
Remarks on result:
other: clay loam soil
Duration:
28 d
Dose descriptor:
EC10
Effect conc.:
17.2 mg/kg bw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
B
Basis for effect:
reproduction
Remarks:
(juvenile production)
Remarks on result:
other: clay loam soil
Reported statistics and error estimates:
ECx were calculated based on the raw data reported and a log-logistic dose-response curve fitted by minimising the unweighted square residuals sum (maximum likelihood).

28d LC50: > 70 mg B/kg (artificial soil and clay loam reference soil)

EC50 reproduction: 26.1 (artificial soil), 30.5 (clay loam reference soil) mg B/kg

artificial soil:

7d LC10: 205.4 mg B/kg

14d LC10: 80.4 mg B/kg

7d LC50: 314.2 mg B/kg

14d LC50: 166 mg B/kg

clay loam soil:

7d LC10: 224 mg B/kg

14d LC10: 51.4 mg B/kg

7d LC50: 344.1 mg B/kg

14d LC50: 131.8 mg B/kg

Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes
Conclusions:
The standard test and selection criteria of this study were fulfilled. The study is comparable with guideline studies with acceptable restriction. During this study the standard guideline was followed, the tests were well performed. Also the study repot was well documented. 28-day EC10 values for mortality and reproduction were selected for PNEC derivation.
Endpoint:
toxicity to terrestrial arthropods: long-term
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: no accepted standard guideline followed, well performed study, raw data not available
Qualifier:
no guideline followed
Principles of method if other than guideline:
test protocol "environment canada (2000)" was followed
GLP compliance:
not specified
Application method:
soil
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Details on properties of test surrogate or analogue material (migrated information):
nr
Analytical monitoring:
yes
Details on sampling:
nr
Vehicle:
not specified
Details on preparation and application of test substrate:
Test compound (H3BO3) added in solution to soil and the soil/water mixture was mixed for about three minutes. Soil moisture was 35% (based on wet weight). Equilibration period before start of test: 1 day.
Test organisms (species):
Onychiurus sp.
Animal group:
Collembola (soil-dwelling springtail)
Details on test organisms:
TEST ORGANISM
- Common name: springtail (Onychiurus folsomi)
- Source: synchronous and asynchronous cultures in artificial soil
- Age at test initiation (mean and range, SD): medium and large (>= 2mm) adults
Study type:
laboratory study
Limit test:
no
Total exposure duration:
35 d
Remarks:
static
Test temperature:
20 +/- 2°C
pH (if soil or dung study):
- artificial soil: 6.09 (the pH of treated soil varies from 7.41 to 7.66 and from 6.77 to 7.36 at start and end of test, respectively)
- clay loam reference soil: 6.05 (the pH of treated soil varies from 5.60 to 5.73 and from 5.57 to 5.69 at start and end of test, respectively)
Photoperiod and lighting:
- Photoperiod: 16h light, 6h dark
- Fluorescent illumination
Details on test conditions:
TEST SYSTEM
- Test container (material, size): 125 ml glass, wide-mouth, mason jar. cover: metal lid with rubber seal and screw ring.
- Amount of soil or substrate: 30g
- No. of treatments: 10
- No. of organisms per container (treatment): 10
- No. of replicates per treatment group: 10 (4 for acute tests)



SOURCE AND PROPERTIES OF SUBSTRATE (if soil)
- Geographic location: clay loam reference soil: field collected soil from Alberta (Canada) and classified as a Delacour Orthic Black Chernozem.
- pH water (1:2) 6.05
- eCEC 34.5 cmol c/kg
- Soil texture (if natural soil)
- % sand: 26.6
- % silt:43.3
- % clay: 30.1
- % organic matter: 12.8
- % total carbon: 6.83
- OM: 12.8%
- Cb: 1.0 mg B/kg dw


ARTIFICIAL SOIL
- Ingrediënts: 70% silica sand, 20% kaolinite clay, 10% sphangum peat and 0.25% calcium carbonate.
- pH water (1:2) 6.09
- eCEC 18.5 cmol c/kg
- Soil texture
- % sand: 77.3
- % silt: 7.8
- % clay: 14.9
- % organic matter: 9
- % total carbon: 4.46
- OM: 9%
- Cb: 3.5 mg B/kg dw


SOIL PREPARATION
- Test compound H3BO3 added in solution to soil and the soil/water mixture was mixed for about 3 minutes. Soil moisture was 35% based on wet weight.

Endpoints: mortality and juvenile production (mean number of juveniles produced) and reproduction (adult fecundity, i.e. mean number of juveniles produced per adult).
Nominal and measured concentrations:
nominal:
chronic tests: 0-50-75-125-250-500-650-850-1000-1500 mg boric acid/kg dw
acute tests: 0-2000-4000-5000-6000-8000-10000 mg boric acid/kg dw and 0-125-250-500-1000-1500-2000 mg boric acid/kg dw in the artificial and clay loam reference soil respectively
Reference substance (positive control):
not specified
Duration:
35 d
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
43.75 mg/kg bw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
B
Basis for effect:
reproduction
Remarks:
(juvenile production)
Remarks on result:
other: artificial soil
Duration:
35 d
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
175 mg/kg bw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
B
Basis for effect:
mortality
Remarks on result:
other: artificial soil
Duration:
35 d
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
87.5 mg/kg bw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
B
Basis for effect:
reproduction
Remarks:
(adult fecundity)
Remarks on result:
other: artificial soil
Duration:
35 d
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
21.9 mg/kg bw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
B
Basis for effect:
reproduction
Remarks:
(juvenile production)
Remarks on result:
other: clay loam soil
Duration:
35 d
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
113.8 mg/kg bw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
B
Basis for effect:
mortality
Remarks on result:
other: clay loam soil
Duration:
35 d
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
21.9 mg/kg bw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
B
Basis for effect:
reproduction
Remarks:
(adult fecundity)
Remarks on result:
other: clay loam soil
Details on results:
- Ratio of culture units that produced viable eggs relative to the total number of culture units was about 30%.
- Adult survivorship was greater than 94%.
Reported statistics and error estimates:
7- and 14-day LCx values were generated using the Probit, Moving Average and the Trimmed Spearman-Karber methds. ECx values and their associated 95% confidence limits for the chronic tests were analysed by using either a linear or four nonlinear regression models (i.e., logistic, Gompertz, exponential and logistic with hormoesis). If data showed heteroscedasticity among treatments, data were weighed with the inverse of the variance of each treatment. NOEC values were estimated using ANOVA, Dunnett’s and Fischer’s protected LSD (Least Significant Difference) pairwise comparison tests.

Boric acid had an adverse effect upon survival of O. folsomi following 35d of exposure in spiked artificial and cly loam soil.

O. folsomi reproduction was more sensitive to boric acid than adult survival.

35d LC50:

- artificial soil: 88 (juvenile production), 258.3 (mortality), 94.8 (reproduction) mg B/kg

- caly loam soil: 19.7 (juvenile production), 174.6 (mortality), 32.4 (reproduction) mg B/kg

7d LC50: 652.6 (mortality, artificial soil); 316.2 (mortality, clay loam soil) mg B/kg

14d LC50: 248.48 (mortality, clay loam soil) mg B/kg

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not specified
Conclusions:
Study not according to an international guideline.
The study itself is well performed but raw data is not available. NOEC values are used for PNEC derivation.
Endpoint:
toxicity to terrestrial arthropods: long-term
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study was performed according to OECD 226 (2008) guideline and is well documented.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: OECD 226 (2008): "Predatory mite Hypoaspis (Geolaelaps) aculeifer reproduction test in soil"
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Remarks:
The study has no formal GLP certificate. However, the study was conducted at a GLP-certified laboratory, staff was appropriately trained and standard operating procedures were followed in terms of experimental performance and raw data documentation.
Application method:
soil
Analytical monitoring:
no
Vehicle:
no
Details on preparation and application of test substrate:
- The test item was dissolved in a sufficient amount of deionised water to prepare a stock solution. This stock solution was diluted with deionised water to obtain one test item solution (= dosage solution) for each test item concentration.
- Method of mixing into soil (if used): The test item was incorporated into the soil by thoroughly mixing in the respective test item
solution for approx. 10 minutes.
- This amount of water/test item-mixture served also to adjust the final soil moisture of 40-60% of WHCmax
Test organisms (species):
Hypoaspis aculeifer
Animal group:
Acari (soil-dwelling predatory mite)
Details on test organisms:
The culture of Hypoaspis (Geolaelaps) aculeifer CANESTRINI (Acari: Laelapidae) used in this test is kept at ECT Oekotoxikologie GmbH since February 2002.

Adult mated female mites were used to start the test. The mites were of similar age (approx. 7 – 14 days after reaching the adult stage) i.e. they were taken from a synchronised culture between the 28th and 35th day after starting the respective culture.
Study type:
laboratory study
Limit test:
no
Total exposure duration:
16 d
Test temperature:
17-21 ºC
pH (if soil or dung study):
5.6
Photoperiod and lighting:
16 : 8 h light/dark with a constant light intensity at the substrate surface of 400 – 800 lx
Details on test conditions:
TEST SYSTEM
- Test container (material, size):Test vessels were glass containers (able to be closed tightly) of about 200 mL capacity and with a diameter of about 5 cm.
- Amount of soil or substrate: 30 g fresh weight per test vessel
- No. of organisms per container (treatment): 10
- No. of replicates per treatment group: 4
- No. of replicates per control: 8

SOURCE AND PROPERTIES OF SUBSTRATE (if soil)
- artificial soil based on OECD guideline 207 (1984). Percentages refer to dry weight:
- 5% Sphagnum peat (no visible plant remains; finely ground and air-dried)
- 20% Kaolin-Clay (kaolinite content > 30%)
- 74% Quartz sand (fine sand content with particles between 50 and 200 µm higher than 50%)
- ca. 1% Calcium carbonate (CaCO3)
- The moisture content was adjusted to 40 – 60% of WHCmax using deionised water.

OTHER TEST CONDITIONS
- Photoperiod: 16 : 8 h light/dark with a constant light intensity at the substrate surface of 400 – 800 lx
-Feeding: The mites were fed with prey mites (Tyrophagus putrescentiae) at the beginning of the test. Food was checked twice per week and was added if necessary.

EFFECT PARAMETERS MEASURED (with observation intervals if applicable) : mortality and reproduction

Nominal and measured concentrations:
nominal added concentrations: control, 56.2, 100, 178, 316 and 562 mg H3BO3/kg dry weight soil,
corresponding to control, 9.8, 17.5, 31.1, 55.2 and 98.2 mg B.kg dw.
Reference substance (positive control):
no
Duration:
16 d
Dose descriptor:
EC10
Effect conc.:
22.7 mg/kg soil dw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
added B
Basis for effect:
reproduction
Remarks:
number of juveniles
Duration:
16 d
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
>= 98.2 mg/kg soil dw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
added B
Basis for effect:
mortality
Remarks:
mortality of adults
Reported statistics and error estimates:
Mortality: No statistical analysis was performed.

Reproduction: Data were checked for normality by Shapiro-Wilk´s test on normal distribution and for homogeneity by Cochran’s test. Treatment means were compared by ANOVA and Williams test (p ≤ 0.05, one-sided) and tested for statistically significant differences compared to the control.
Probit analysis using Linear Max. Likelihood Regression was used to calculate the EC50, EC20 and EC10 for reproduction.

16 d NOEC for reproduction: 17.5 mg B/kg soil dw (3.7% inhibition)

16 d LOEC for reproduction: 31.1 mg B/kg soil dw (26.5% inhibition)

16 d EC50 for reproduction: 44.4 mg B/kg soil dw

16 d EC20 for reproduction: 28.7 mg B/kg soil dw

 

Concentration

[mg test item/kg soil (dw)]

Number of dead adult mites  Percent mortality
 Control 6 10
 56.2 3 15
100 1 5
 178 0 0
 316 2 10
 562 3 15

 

Concentration

[mg test item/kg soil (dw)]

Number of Juveniles[mean ± sd]  Number of Juveniles[% of control]
 Control 286.5± 25.1 100.0
56.2 269.0± 53.7 93.9
100 276.0± 31.1 96.3
 178 210.5± 24.7 73.5
 316 108.0± 79.2 37.7
 562 3.0± 0.0  1.0
Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes
Conclusions:
Study was performed according to OECD 226 guideline and is well documented. A 16-d EC10 value for predatory mites of 22.7 mg B/ kg dry soil is obtained for reproduction and a 16-d unbounded NOEC of 562 mg H3BO3/ kg dry soil is obtained for mortality. The EC10 for reproduction was selected for PNEC derivation.
Endpoint:
toxicity to terrestrial arthropods: long-term
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study was performed according to IOBC/WPRS 2000 guideline (Heimbach et al., 2000), which is not a internationally reviewed or accepted guideline. Study is well documented.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: HEIMBACH et al. 2000: A method for testing effects of plant protection products on the carabid beetle, Poecilus cupreus (Coleoptera, Carabidae) under laboratory and semi-field conditions.
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Remarks:
The study has no formal GLP certificate. However, the study was conducted at a GLP-certified laboratory, staff was appropriately trained and standard operating procedures were followed in terms of experimental performance and raw data documentation.
Application method:
soil
Analytical monitoring:
no
Vehicle:
no
Details on preparation and application of test substrate:
- The test item was dissolved in a sufficient amount of deionised water to prepare a stock solution. This stock solution was diluted with deionised water to obtain one test item solution (= dosage solution) for each test item concentration.
- Method of mixing into soil (if used): The test item was incorporated into the soil by thoroughly mixing in the respective test item
solution for approx. 10 minutes.
- This amount of water/test item-mixture served also to adjust the final soil moisture of 55 ± 5% of WHCmax.
Test organisms (species):
Poecilus cupreus
Animal group:
Coleoptera (soil-dwelling carabid beetle)
Details on test organisms:
The carabid beetle used in this test were obtained from an external breeding facility. The beetles were kept at ECT Oekotoxikologie GmbH four weeks before start of the test.
At the beginning of the test the beetles were approx. 5 weeks old. Therefore, as required they were not younger than 2 weeks, but not older than 10 weeks.

ACCLIMATION
Due to the particularity of the application method in this study, the beetles were acclimatised to the test substrate and the test conditions in vessels prepared only for this purpose. The vessels were similar to the test units and were filled with moistened LUFA 2.1 soil. No food was added. The vessels were kept under the same conditions as in the test.
Study type:
laboratory study
Limit test:
no
Total exposure duration:
21 d
Test temperature:
18-21 ºC
pH (if soil or dung study):
5.6-7.0
Photoperiod and lighting:
light cycle: 16 : 8 h with a constant light intensity at the substrate of 336 - 675 lux
Details on test conditions:
TEST SYSTEM
- Test container (material, size):Test vessels were Bellaplast containers consisting of inert (i.e. non-toxic) plastic (Polystyrol). The test vessels had a bottom area of 11 x 15.5 cm (= 170.5 cm²) and a height of 6 cm. The test vessels were covered by a transparent lid. The inner area of these lids were prepared with gauze allowing gaseous exchange.
- Amount of soil or substrate: 250 g dry weight per test vessel
- No. of organisms per container (treatment): 6 (3 males and 3 females)
- No. of replicates per treatment group: 5
- No. of replicates per control: 5

SOURCE AND PROPERTIES OF SUBSTRATE (if soil)
- common name: LUFA 2.1 soil
- Geographic location: Speyer, Germany
- The moisture content was adjusted to 55+-5% of WHCmax using deionised water.

OTHER TEST CONDITIONS
- Photoperiod: 16 : 8 h light/dark with a constant light intensity at the substrate surface of 400 – 800 lx
- Feeding: The beetles were fed with defrosted pupae of Musca spp. on the day of application and again 2, 4, 7, 11, 14 and 17 days after application. One fly pupae (the integument was punctured with a needle) per beetle was placed on the test substrate.

EFFECT PARAMETERS MEASURED (with observation intervals if applicable) : mortality, behaviour and feeding rate determined after 21 days

Nominal and measured concentrations:
nominal added concentrations: control, 3.16, 10.0, 31.6, 100, 316, 1000 and 3162 mg H3BO3/kg dry weight soil,
cooresponding to control, 0.55, 1.75, 5.52, 17.5, 55.2, 174.8 and 552.7 mg B/kg dw.
Reference substance (positive control):
no
Duration:
21 d
Dose descriptor:
EC10
Effect conc.:
47.5 mg/kg soil dw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
added B
Basis for effect:
food consumption
Remarks:
feeding rate
Duration:
21 d
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
174.8 mg/kg soil dw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
element
Remarks:
added B
Basis for effect:
mortality
Reported statistics and error estimates:
Feeding rate data were checked for normality by R/s test procedure and for homogeneity by Cochran’s test. A One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), followed by a Welch-t test for inhomogeneous variances (1-sided, p ≤ 0.05) and a Dunnett’s test (1-sided, p ≤ 0.05) respectively were used to determine whether or not there were significant differences between each concentration and the control concerning the feeding rate of the beetles in the
first week (day 0 - 7), in the second week of exposure (day 7 - 14), in the third week of exposure (day 14 - 21) and over the entire exposure period (Environment Canada 2003, OECD 2003, Sachs 1982). Probit analysis using Linear Max. Likelihood Regression was used to calculate the EC50, EC20 and EC10 for the feeding rate of the respective periods of the test.

21 d NOEC for feeding rate: 55.2 mg B/kg soil dw (13.6% inhibition)

21 d LOEC for feeding rate: 174.8 mg B/kg soil dw (35.6% inhibition)

21 d EC50 for feeding rate: 269.7 mg B/kg soil dw

21 d EC20 for feeding rate: 86.4 mg B/kg soil dw

21 d LOEC for mortality: 552.7 mg B/kg soil dw (50% mortality)

Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes
Conclusions:
Study was performed according to IOBC/WPRS 2000 guideline (Heimbach et al., 2000), which is not a internationally reviewed or accepted guideline. Study is well documented. A 21-d EC10 value for the feeding rate of the carabid beetle Pecilus cupreus of 47.5 mg B/kg dry soil and a 21-d NOEC value for mortality of 174.8 mg B/kg dry soil are obtained. Both values are selected for PNEC derivation.

Description of key information

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information