Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

Based on read-across from a structurally related substance, hydrocarbons, C7-C9, isoalkanes are not considered to be a skin sensitiser.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin sensitisation

Link to relevant study records

Referenceopen allclose all

Endpoint:
skin sensitisation: in vivo (non-LLNA)
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Basic data given
Justification for type of information:
The justification for read across is provided as an attachment in IUCLID Section 13.
Reason / purpose:
read-across: supporting information
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 406 (Skin Sensitisation)
GLP compliance:
no
Type of study:
guinea pig maximisation test
Justification for non-LLNA method:
Scientifically valid guinea pig maximisation test
Species:
guinea pig
Strain:
other: p-strain
Sex:
male/female
Route:
intradermal and epicutaneous
Vehicle:
corn oil
Concentration / amount:
1 % w/v in corn oil for intradermal induction
50 % for topical induction
25 % for topical challenge
Route:
epicutaneous, occlusive
Vehicle:
corn oil
Concentration / amount:
1 % w/v in corn oil for intradermal induction
50 % for topical induction
25 % for topical challenge
No. of animals per dose:
20 (10 males, 10 females), controls: 10 (5 males, 5 females)
Positive control substance(s):
no
Group:
negative control
Remarks on result:
no indication of skin sensitisation
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
0
Group:
test group
Dose level:
25 % w/v in corn oil
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
20
Clinical observations:
no skin sensitization
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 0.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 25 % w/v in corn oil. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 20.0. Clinical observations: no skin sensitization.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
test group
Dose level:
25 % w/v in corn oil
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
20
Clinical observations:
no skin sensitization
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 25 % w/v in corn oil. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 20.0. Clinical observations: no skin sensitization.
Reading:
other: 3rd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
test group
Dose level:
25 % w/v in corn oil
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
20
Clinical observations:
no skin sensitization
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: other: 3rd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 25 % w/v in corn oil. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 20.0. Clinical observations: no skin sensitization.
Group:
positive control
Remarks on result:
not measured/tested
Interpretation of results:
other: Not sensitising
Conclusions:
The purpose of this study was to determine the skin sensitization potential of the test substance, hydrocarbons, C7-C9, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics. Ten male and ten female guinea pigs were used as a test group, and five male and five female guinea pigs were used as a control group. The test group underwent an intradermal induction of 1.0 %w/v test material in corn oil. Then a topical induction of 50% w/v test substance in corn oil. The challenge was done with 25% w/v test material in corn oil. No skin reactions were noted during the challenge. The test substance is not sensitizing.
Executive summary:

The purpose of this study was to determine the skin sensitization potential of the test substance, hydrocarbons, C7-C9, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics. Ten male and ten female guinea pigs were used as a test group, and five male and five female guinea pigs were used as a control group. The test group underwent an intradermal induction of 1.0 %w/v test material in corn oil. Then a topical induction of 50% w/v test substance in corn oil. The challenge was done with 25% w/v test material in corn oil. No skin reactions were noted during the challenge. The test substance is not sensitizing.

Endpoint:
skin sensitisation: in vitro
Data waiving:
study scientifically not necessary / other information available
Justification for data waiving:
an in vitro skin sensitisation study does not need to be conducted because adequate data from an in vivo skin sensitisation study are available
Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Additional information:

There are no skin sensitisation data available on hydrocarbons, C7-C9, isoalkanes. However, there are reliable data available for a structural analogue. Thus, read-across was conducted based on a an analogue approach.

 

The skin sensitization potential of hydrocarbons, C7-C9, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics, was studied in a guinea pig maximization test (Magnusson / Kligman method) similar to OECD 406. Guinea pigs (10/sex in treated group and 5/sex in control group) were induced with 1% (w/v) of the test substance in corn oil as a 0.1 ml injection in the shaved shoulder region. Six to eight days later a topical induction of 50% (w/v) test material was applied under an occlusive dressing for 48 hrs. On Day 20-21 guinea pigs were challenged with 25% (w/v) test material applied to the shaved flank. Skin response was evaluated immediately after challenge, and 24 and 48 hours later. The test substance did not cause indication of skin sensitization in any guinea pig at any evaluation period after challenge (Shell Chemicals, 1977). In addition, there are human data available for skin sensitisation on hydrocarbons, C7-C9, iso-alkanes. The human data show that there was no evidence that the test material possesses a skin sensitising potential (Exxon Mobil, 1962, Exxon Mobil, 1988) or is a photosensitiser (Exxon Mobil, 1988).


Respiratory sensitisation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available
Additional information:

No data available.

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on read-across from a structurally related substance within an analogue approach, the available data on the skin sensitisation potential of hydrocarbons C7-C9, isoalkanes are conclusive but not sufficient for classification.