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Toxicological information

Developmental toxicity / teratogenicity

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
developmental toxicity
Type of information:
other: the tested substance is the acid part of the compound
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2008

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: OECD TG 422 “Combined Repeated Dose Toxicity Study with the Reproduction/Developmental Toxicity Screening Test in rats"
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Limit test:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Code number in testing facility: K-2698- Lot No.: 080108C105- Receipt date: January 14, 2008- Amount of Receipt: 3 kg- Appearance : brown liquid- Purity : 99.5 MIN %- Storage Conditions : Room temperature [archive No.: KIT-401(80)]- Expired date : January 8, 2010

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
1) Test animals- Supplier: Orient Bio Co. Ltd. 143-1, Sangdaewon-dong, Jungwon-ku, Sungnam, Gyunggi-do, 462-120 Korea- Age at study initiation: 7-week-old animals for male and female- No. of animals at receipt: 57 for male and female- Body weights at study initiation: 212.5-243.8 g for males and 147.6 -168.6 g for females- Age at the first day of treatment: 8 weeks for male and female- Body weight range at the first day of treatment: 274.2-311.1 g for males and 175.7-213.4 g for females- All animals were visually examined on acquisition. Only the animals remained in good physical condition during the 6-day acclimatization in the animal room were selected for the test.
2) Environmental condition- Temperature 23 +/- 3 deg C, relative humidity of 50 +/- 10%; ventilation of 10 to 20 times/hours; light/dark cycle 12 h/12 h- All animals used in this study were cared for in accordance with the principles outlined in the "Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals", a NIH publication.
3) Monitoring- Room temperature was generally in the range 20-26 deg C, relative humidity was generally in the range 40-60%. No significant deviations, which can affect the experiment, were observed.
4) Housing and identification of animals- Equal or less than five for the quarantine and acclimatization- Equal or less than two for the pre-mating, treatment and recovery period5) Diet, water and bedding material- Pelleted maintenance diet and tap water ad libitum; no contaminants (analysed)

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
other: distilled water
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
yes
Details on analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
The test article of the highest dose group was mixed with water for injection, and the low dose group's test article was prepared by dilution of that of the highest dose group. The test article solutions were prepared once a day before completion of the analytical method validation, and after completion the test article was formulated over once a week.
Details on mating procedure:
Premating exposure period for males and females: 2 weeks
Duration of treatment / exposure:
From 2 weeks before mating to the end of -the mating period for male (at least 28 days)From 2 weeks before mating to day 4 of lactation including the mating and gestation periods for female- Post exposure period: 15 days in both sexes.
Frequency of treatment:
daily
No. of animals per sex per dose:
10 males and females for 100 and 200 mg/kg bw/day and 16 males and females for 400 mg/kg bw/day (10 was for test group and 6 was for recovery group), 16 males and females for vehicle control (10 was for test group and 6 was for recovery group)
Control animals:
yes
Details on study design:
Treatment- Dose levels determined in a pilot toxicity study of dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid in rats.- Constant dosage volume of 10 mL/kg bw/day: calculated with Path/Tox system according to the basis of recently measured body weight.- Dosing of both sexes was begun at 2 weeks prior to mating. Dosing was continued in both sexes during the mating period. Males were dosed after the mating period at least until the minimum total dosing period of 28 days had been completed. Daily dosing of the parental females was continued throughout pregnancy and at least up to day 4 post-partum.

Examinations

Maternal examinations:
-Observation of pregnancy and delivery-Pregnancy period-No. of implantation and corpus lutea-Delivery index=(No. of dams with live newborns/ No. of pregnant dams) x 100
Fetal examinations:
-No. of perinatal death-No. of live young on day 0 and 4 at postpartum-No. of pups with gross lesions-No. of pups with runts-Viability index at day 4 of postpartum=(No. of live pups at day 4/ No. of live pups at birth) x 100-Body weights of pups on day 0 and 4 postpartum
Statistics:
- Body weights, food consumption, organ weights, and clinical pathology : means the standard deviation of each mean. - Bartlett's test : analyzing for homogeneity of variance- Dunnett's t test : analyzing for the significance of inter-group differences- Analysis of Variance : analyzing for homogeneous data- Kruskal-Wallis test : analyzing for Heterogeneous data- Dunn's Rank Sum test : analyzing for the significance of inter-group differences between the control and treated groups- F test : analyzing the data of recovery groups for homogeneity of variance- Dunnett's t test : analyzing for homogeneous data- Dunn's Rank Sum test : analyzing for the significance of inter-group differences- t test : analyzing for Heterogeneous data- Kruskal-Wallis test : analyzing for the significance of inter-group differences between the control and treated group-Statistical analyses were performed by comparing the different dose groups with the vehicle control group using Path/Tox System. - p<0.05 or p<0.01

Results and discussion

Results: maternal animals

Maternal developmental toxicity

Details on maternal toxic effects:
Maternal toxic effects:no effects

Details on maternal toxic effects:
Results for F0 and F1No statistically significant differences were seen in the following parameters examined: gestation length, the number of implantation, delivery index, the number of live and dead pups, live pups/implantation ratio, dead pups/implantation ratio, pre-implantation loss, post-implantation loss, sex ratio, viability index, number of neonates with external anomalies, and body weights of pups on post-natal day 0 and day 4. On the other hand, a statistically significant decrease in corpora lutea was observed in the 400 mg/kg bw/day group. But this change was in normal range and unrelated to dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid dosing.

Effect levels (maternal animals)

Key result
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
400 mg/kg bw/day (nominal)
Based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect level:
other: developmental toxicity

Results (fetuses)

Details on embryotoxic / teratogenic effects:
Embryotoxic / teratogenic effects:no effects

Details on embryotoxic / teratogenic effects:
Results for F0 and F1No statistically significant differences were seen in the following parameters examined: gestation length, the number of implantation, delivery index, the number of live and dead pups, live pups/implantation ratio, dead pups/implantation ratio, pre-implantation loss, post-implantation loss, sex ratio, viability index, number of neonates with external anomalies, and body weights of pups on post-natal day 0 and day 4. On the other hand, a statistically significant decrease in corpora lutea was observed in the 400 mg/kg bw/day group. But this change was in normal range and unrelated to dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid dosing.

Effect levels (fetuses)

Key result
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
400 mg/kg bw/day (nominal)
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
other: no effects reported

Fetal abnormalities

Key result
Abnormalities:
no effects observed

Overall developmental toxicity

Key result
Developmental effects observed:
no

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
There were no treatment-related changes in all parameters of offsprings during the parturition and lactation periods. Based on these effects, the NOAEL (no-observed-adverse-effect levels) for developmental toxicity was 400 mg/kg bw/day of F1 pups.
Executive summary:

Developmental Toxicity

In reproductive toxicity study performed according to the reproduction/developmental toxicity screening test [OECD TG 422] conditions and dose were same as repeated dose toxicity. The offspring delivered by chemical-treated rats had been observed until day 4 of postpartum. There were no statistically significant differences were seen in the following parameters: the number of live and dead pups, live pups/implantation ratio, dead pups/implantation ratio, pre-implantation loss, post-implantation loss, sex ratio, viability index, number of neonates with external anomalies, and body weights of pups on post-natal day 0 and day 4. There were no treatment-related changes in all parameters of offsprings during the parturition and lactation periods and the NOAEL for developmental toxicity was 400mg/kg bw/day for F1 pubs.