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Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
From 21 January to 26 February 2016
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2016
Report date:
2016

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 437 (Bovine Corneal Opacity and Permeability Test Method for Identifying i) Chemicals Inducing Serious Eye Damage and ii) Chemicals Not Requiring Classification for Eye Irritation or Serious Eye Damage)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Methacryloamidopropyl-pentamethyl-1,3-propylene-2-ol-ammonium dichloride
EC Number:
617-909-9
Cas Number:
86702-10-5
Molecular formula:
C15 H33 N3 O2 .2Cl
IUPAC Name:
Methacryloamidopropyl-pentamethyl-1,3-propylene-2-ol-ammonium dichloride
Test material form:
solid - liquid: aqueous solution
Details on test material:
- State of aggregation: N/A
- Particle size distribution: N/A
- Mass median aerodynamic diameter (MMAD): N/A
- Geometric standard deviation (GSD): N/A
- Shape of particles: N/A
- Surface area of particles: N/A
- Crystal structure: N/A
- Coating: N/A
- Surface properties: N/A
- Density: 1.135
- Moisture content: N/A
- Residual solvent: N/A
- Activation: N/A
- Stabilisation: N/A
- Other:
Specific details on test material used for the study:
SOURCE OF TEST MATERIAL
- Batch No.of test material: CY50561001
- Expiration date of the batch: 24/04/2016
- Purity test date: 65.4%

STABILITY AND STORAGE CONDITIONS OF TEST MATERIAL
- Storage condition of test material: Room temperature
- Solubility and stability of the test substance in the solvent/vehicle: soluble in water. Stability not checked

TREATMENT OF TEST MATERIAL PRIOR TO TESTING
- Treatment of test material prior to testing: none (The test item was applied in its original form.)
- Preliminary purification step (if any): N/A
- Final dilution of a dissolved solid, stock liquid or gel: N/A
- Final preparation of a solid: N/A

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
other: bovine cattle
Strain:
not specified
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
SOURCE OF COLLECTED EYES
- Source: Bovine eyes were obtained from freshly slaughtered cattle at the abattoir EVA,
Saint-Pierre-sur-Dives, France.
- Number of animals: unknown
- Characteristics of donor animals (e.g. age, sex, weight): bovine cattle were up to 12 months old.
- Storage, temperature and transport conditions of ocular tissue (e.g. transport time, transport media and temperature, and other conditions): the eyes were transported to CiToxLAB France at ambient temperature, immerged in buffered Hanks medium containing an antibiotic [Hank’s Balanced Salts Solution (HBSS) plus penicillin/streptomycin (100 units/100 μg/mL final)]. A container with smooth internal surfaces was used for the transport to avoid damage to the corneas.
- Time interval prior to initiating testing: As the corneas were not used immediately, they were stored after washing. Each cornea was stored individually in 12 mL of M199 medium containing 5% dextran, plus penicillin/streptomycin, at +4°C, for a maximum of 24 hours before use.
- indication of any existing defects or lesions in ocular tissue samples: Any eyes with defects were discarded.
- Indication of any antibiotics used: see above (penicillin/streptomycin (100 units/100 μg/mL final))

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
yes, concurrent positive control
yes, concurrent negative control
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 750 μL (± 8 μL)
- Concentration (if solution): as such
Duration of treatment / exposure:
10 minutes (± 30 seconds)
Duration of post- treatment incubation (in vitro):
2 hours (± 10 minutes)
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
The test item, the negative and the positive control were tested on three corneas each.
Details on study design:
SELECTION AND PREPARATION OF CORNEAS:
A careful macroscopic examination was performed on all eyes to detect the presence of any defects (opacity, scratches, pigmentation, etc). Any eyes with defects were discarded. The examination was performed under a lamp, using HBSS in order to keep the eyes moistened and shiny. Particular attention was paid to the corneas and the eyes were swiveled in order to observe the fringe areas and any scratches directly under the light.
The tissues surrounding the eyeball were carefully pulled away and the cornea, surrounded by approximately 2 to 3 mm of sclera, was dissected out. The isolated corneas were stored in HBSS until all corneas had been prepared.
The corneas were washed for 15 minutes, three times, in HBSS plus penicillin/streptomycin (100 units/100 μg/mL final) at room temperature. The corneas were used within a maximum of 24 hours.
Storage of the corneas: as the corneas were not used immediately, they were stored after washing. Each cornea was stored individually in 12 mL of M199 medium containing 5% dextran, plus penicillin/streptomycin, at +4°C, for a maximum of 24 hours before use.

QUALITY CHECK OF THE ISOLATED CORNEAS:
The corneas were carefully examined macroscopically before their assembly in the holders, in order to detect the presence of any defects. Any corneas with defects were discarded.

NUMBER OF REPLICATES:
The test item, the negative and the positive control were tested on three corneas each.

NEGATIVE CONTROL USED: 0.9% Sodium Chloride (NaCl)

SOLVENT CONTROL USED (if applicable): N/A

POSITIVE CONTROL USED: Absolute Ethanol

APPLICATION DOSE AND EXPOSURE TIME: 750 μL (± 8 μL) for 10 minutes (± 30 seconds)

TREATMENT METHOD: closed chamber

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Number of washing steps after exposure period: four times.

- POST-EXPOSURE INCUBATION: 2 hours (± 10 minutes)

METHODS FOR MEASURED ENDPOINTS:
- Corneal opacity:An opacitometer was used to measure light transmission (i.e. the level of opacity) through the center of each mounted cornea. A numerical opacity measurement (arbitrary unit) was displayed and recorded.

- Corneal permeability: After the second opacity measurement, the medium of the anterior chamber was removed and the anterior chamber received 1 mL of a fluorescein solution.
As the test item is a non-surfactant liquid, the concentration of the fluorescein solution was 4 mg/mL.
Before use, the fluorescein solution was validated. For this purpose, the solution of fluorescein was diluted in cMEM in order to obtain a 5 μg/mL solution and the Optical Density at a wavelength of 490 nm (OD490 nm) of this dilution was measured. As the value obtained was between 0.850 and 0.940 (see Table 2), the
fluorescein solution was validated.
For each series of three corneas, a chronometer started from the fluorescein solution application time of the first cornea of the series. The holders were incubated vertically (cornea positioned horizontally with the fluorescein-treated side uppermost) in a water bath at +32°C (± 1°C) for 90 minutes (± 5 minutes).
At the end of incubation, the maximum volume of cMEM recoverable from the posterior chamber of each holder was transferred into an identified tube. The medium was homogenized prior to determination of OD490 nm, using single-use cuvettes (1 cm path length) and a spectrophotometer (cMEM used as the blank).
Any solutions giving an OD490 nm beyond the linear range of the spectrophotometer was diluted in cMEM and measured again. The corresponding OD490 nm was multiplied according to the dilution factor used.

- Others (e.g, pertinent visual observations, histopathology): After permeability determination, the corneas were removed from the holders and observed for opaque
spots, other irregularities and any separation of the epithelium.

SCORING SYSTEM: In Vitro Irritancy Score (IVIS)

DECISION CRITERIA: please specify if the decision criteria as indicated in the TG was used: YES

Results and discussion

In vitro

Results
Irritation parameter:
in vitro irritation score
Value:
ca. 0
Vehicle controls validity:
not applicable
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Other effects / acceptance of results:
OTHER EFFECTS:
- Visible damage on test system: No notable opaque spots or irregularities were observed on negative control and test item-treated corneas.
Opacity, fluorescein fixation and thickening of the corneas were observed on those treated with the positive control.

DEMONSTRATION OF TECHNICAL PROFICIENCY: Yes

ACCEPTANCE OF RESULTS:
- Acceptance criteria met for negative control: Yes
- Acceptance criteria met for positive control: Yes
- Range of historical values if different from the ones specified in the test guideline:

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
Under the experimental conditions of this study, the test item, Diquat, was identified as a test chemical not requiring classification for eye irritation or serious eye damage (UN GHS No Category).
Executive summary:

The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential irritant and corrosive properties of the test item, Diquat, to the eye. The Bovine Corneal Opacity and Permeability (BCOP) test method can identify chemicals inducing serious eye damage and chemicals not requiring classification for eye irritation or serious eye damage.

The design of this study was based on the guideline OECD Guideline 437 and the study was performed in compliance with CiToxLAB France standard operating procedures and with the OECD Principles of Good Laboratory Practice.

Corneas obtained from freshly slaughtered calves were mounted in corneal holders. Both chambers of the corneal holder were filled with complemented MEM culture media (cMEM) and pre-incubated for 1 hour and 5 minutes (± 5 minutes) at +32°C.

A single experiment was performed using three corneas for each treated series (test item, positive control and negative control).

Before the treatment, a first opacity measurement was performed on each cornea using an opacitometer.

The test item (undiluted), the negative and positive controls were evaluated in a single experiment using a treatment time of 10 minutes and using the closed-chamber method. At the completion of the treatment period, all formulations were removed from the front opening of the anterior chamber and the epithelia were rinsed.

The corneas were then incubated for 2 hours (± 10 minutes) at +32°C before a second opacity measurement was performed.

After the second opacity measurement, the medium of the anterior chamber was removed and filled with a fluorescein solution. The holders were then incubated vertically for 90 minutes (± 5 minutes) at +32°C.

At the end of the incubation period, the Optical Density of the solution from the posterior chamber of each holder was measured in order to determine the permeability of the cornea. Each cornea was then observed for opaque spots and other irregularities.

No notable opaque spots or irregularities were observed on each test item-treated cornea.

All acceptance criteria were fulfilled. The study was therefore considered as valid.

The mean In Vitro Irritancy Score (IVIS) of the test item-treated corneas was: 0.

As the mean IVIS was ≤ 3, the test item was considered as a test chemical not requiring classification for eye irritation or serious eye damage (UN GHS No Category).

In conclusion, under the experimental conditions of this study, the test item, Diquat, was identified as a test chemical not

requiring classification for eye irritation or serious eye damage (UN GHS No Category).