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Administrative data

Workers - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
10.56 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
25
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
Value:
264 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

NOAECcorr=NOAELoral*(1/0.38 m3 /kg/d)*(ABSoral-rat/ABSinhhuman)*(6.7 m3 (8h)/10 m3 (8h)) = 300

mg/kg/d*(1/0.38 m3 /kg/d)*(0.5*1)*0.67=264 mg/m3

AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
2.5
AF for other interspecies differences:
5
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Workers - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
3 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
100
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

An Allometric Scaling Factor of 4 plus an additional Assessment Factor of 2.5-fold was applies 4 as per E.C.H.A. Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment Chapter R.8: Characterisation of the dose [concentration]-response for human health, page 30 and Table R.8-3. An Intraspecies Worker Assessment of 5-fold is used as per E.C.H.A. Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment Chapter R.8: Characterisation of the dose [concentration]-response for human health.Appendix R.8-3, Table R.8-19, page 76 with a Duration correction of subacute to chronic exposure of 2-fold.

AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
low hazard (no threshold derived)
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
low hazard (no threshold derived)

Workers - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
low hazard (no threshold derived)

Additional information - workers

General Population - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
5.28 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
50
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
Value:
264 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

NOAECcorr=NOAELoral*(1/0.38 m3 /kg/d)*(ABSoral-rat/ABSinhhuman)*(6.7 m3 (8h)/10 m3 (8h)) = 300

mg/kg/d*(1/0.38 m3 /kg/d)*(0.5*1)*0.67=264 mg/m3

AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
2.5
AF for other interspecies differences:
10
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
1.5 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
200
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

An Allometric Scaling Factor of 4 plus an additional Assessment Factor of 2.5-fold was applies 4 as per E.C.H.A. Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment Chapter R.8: Characterisation of the dose [concentration]-response for human health, page 30 and Table R.8-3. An Intraspecies General Population Assessment of 10-fold is used as per E.C.H.A. Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment Chapter R.8: Characterisation of the dose [concentration]-response for human health.Appendix R.8-3, Table R.8-19, page 76 with a Duration correction of subacute to chronic exposure of 2-fold.

AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
low hazard (no threshold derived)
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
low hazard (no threshold derived)

General Population - Hazard via oral route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
1.5 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
200
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

An Allometric Scaling Factor of 4 plus an additional Assessment Factor of 2.5-fold was applies 4 as per E.C.H.A. Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment Chapter R.8: Characterisation of the dose [concentration]-response for human health, page 30 and Table R.8-3. An Intraspecies General Population Assessment of 10-fold is used as per E.C.H.A. Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment Chapter R.8: Characterisation of the dose [concentration]-response for human health.Appendix R.8-3, Table R.8-19, page 76 with a Duration correction of subacute to chronic exposure of 2-fold.

AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Additional information - General Population