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Administrative data

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Effects on fertility

Description of key information

Reproductive toxicity study

Based on the various studies available for the target as well as the read across substances for CAS: 93-18-5 ,NOAEL for Ethyl 2-naphthyl ether (CAS No. 93-18-5) was considered to be 393.6mg/kg bw/day .When rats were treated with Ethyl 2-naphthyl ether (CAS No. 93-18-5) orally. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria ofCLP regulationEthyl 2-naphthyl ether (CAS No. 93-18-5)isnot likely to classify as reproductive toxicant.

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
reproductive toxicity, other
Remarks:
Subchronic Toxicity Test
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
data from handbook or collection of data
Justification for type of information:
Data is from peer-reviewed journal
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: as below
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Subchronic Toxicity Test of Beta-Naphthyl ethyl ether in rats
GLP compliance:
not specified
Limit test:
no
Species:
rat
Strain:
other: FDRL
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: No data
- Age at study initiation: No data
- Weight at study initiation:
59.54±1.5gm(Males) 58.0±1.6gm(females)
- Fasting period before study: No data
- Housing: Animals were housed individually in wire mesh cages.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): nutritionally adequate basal ration
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): fresh water ad lib
- Acclimation period: No data

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): No data
- Humidity (%): No data
- Air changes (per hr): No data
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): No data

IN-LIFE DATES: From: To: No data
Route of administration:
oral: feed
Type of inhalation exposure (if applicable):
not specified
Vehicle:
cotton seed oil
Details on exposure:
PREPARATION OF DOSING SOLUTIONS: Each test substance was diluted in cotton-seed oil in a concentration sufficient to provide the predetermined dosage in 2% of the diet. The oil solutions were incorporated into a nutritionally adequate basal ration.
Details on mating procedure:
not specified
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
not specified
Details on analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
not specified
Duration of treatment / exposure:
90 days
Frequency of treatment:
Dailly
Details on study schedule:
not specified
Dose / conc.:
0 mg/kg bw/day
Dose / conc.:
5.1 mg/kg bw/day
Remarks:
for male
Dose / conc.:
5.7 mg/kg bw/day
Remarks:
for female
No. of animals per sex per dose:
Total: 60
0 mg/kg bw: 15 male, 15 female
5.1 mg/kg bw: 15 male
5.7 mg/kg: 15 female
Control animals:
yes, concurrent vehicle
Details on study design:
- Dose selection rationale: Single dosage levels for each substance were derived from the total estimated daily intake, calculated on a mg/kg body weight basis assuming 50 kg as the average body weight, and multiplying by 100.
Positive control:
not specified
Parental animals: Observations and examinations:
BODY WEIGHT: Yes
Time schedule for examinations
8 rats of each sex at 8 weeks period and in all rats at 12 weeks.

FOOD CONSUMPTION AND COMPOUND INTAKE (if feeding study):Yes
- Food consumption for each animal determined and mean daily diet consumption calculated as g food/kg body weight/day: No data
- Compound intake calculated as time-weighted averages from the consumption and body weight gain data: Yes

FOOD EFFICIENCY:
- Body weight gain in kg/food consumption in kg per unit time X 100 calculated as time-weighted averages from the consumption and body weight gain data: Yes

CLINICAL CHEMISTRY: Yes
- Time schedule for collection of blood: 8 rats of each sex at a 6-wk period, and in all rats at 12 week.

OTHER:
Organ weight: liver and kidney weight were weighted.
Oestrous cyclicity (parental animals):
not specified
Sperm parameters (parental animals):
not specified
Litter observations:
not specified
Postmortem examinations (parental animals):
GROSS PATHOLOGY: Yes
at autopsy, liver and kidney weights were recorded

HISTOPATHOLOGY: Yes
half the animals in each group were taken for histological examination: liver, kidneys, stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, heart, lungs, bone marrow, muscle, brain, spinal cord, bladder, adrenals, thyroid, pituitary, gonads, salivary glands, and lymph nodes.
Postmortem examinations (offspring):
not specified
Statistics:
not specified
Reproductive indices:
not specified
Offspring viability indices:
not specified
Clinical signs:
not specified
Dermal irritation (if dermal study):
not specified
Mortality:
not specified
Body weight and weight changes:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
No effect on body weight were observed in treated rats.
Food consumption and compound intake (if feeding study):
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
No effect on food consumption were observed in treated amle and femlae rats as compared to control.
Food efficiency:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
No effect on food efficiency were observed in treated amle and femlae rats as compared to control.
Water consumption and compound intake (if drinking water study):
not specified
Ophthalmological findings:
not specified
Haematological findings:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
When treated with 5.1 mg/kg for males and 5.7 mg/kg for females, no change in Haematocrit, haemoglobin, Red blood cell, White blood cell, Neutrophills, Lymphocytes and Blood urea Nitrogen was observed as compared to control.
Clinical biochemistry findings:
not specified
Urinalysis findings:
not specified
Behaviour (functional findings):
not specified
Immunological findings:
not specified
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
no effects observed
Histopathological findings: non-neoplastic:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
No histopathological changes were observed in treated male and female rats in liver, kidneys, stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, heart, lungs, bone marrow, muscle, brain, spinal cord, bladder, adrenals, thyroid, pituitary, gonads, salivary glands, and lymph nodes as compared to control.
Histopathological findings: neoplastic:
no effects observed
Other effects:
not specified
Reproductive function: oestrous cycle:
not specified
Reproductive function: sperm measures:
not specified
Reproductive performance:
not specified
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
5.1 mg/kg bw/day
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male
Basis for effect level:
body weight and weight gain
food consumption and compound intake
food efficiency
haematology
organ weights and organ / body weight ratios
gross pathology
histopathology: non-neoplastic
other: No effect on histopathology of reproductive oragns
Remarks on result:
other: No toxic effects on reproductive organ
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
5.7 mg/kg bw/day
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
female
Basis for effect level:
body weight and weight gain
food consumption and compound intake
food efficiency
haematology
organ weights and organ / body weight ratios
gross pathology
histopathology: non-neoplastic
other: No effect on histopathology of reproductive oragns
Remarks on result:
other: No effects on reproductive organ
Critical effects observed:
not specified
System:
other: not specified
Organ:
not specified
Treatment related:
not specified
Dose response relationship:
not specified
Relevant for humans:
not specified
Clinical signs:
not specified
Dermal irritation (if dermal study):
not specified
Mortality / viability:
not specified
Body weight and weight changes:
not specified
Food consumption and compound intake (if feeding study):
not specified
Food efficiency:
not specified
Water consumption and compound intake (if drinking water study):
not specified
Ophthalmological findings:
not specified
Haematological findings:
not specified
Clinical biochemistry findings:
not specified
Urinalysis findings:
not specified
Sexual maturation:
not specified
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
not specified
Gross pathological findings:
not specified
Histopathological findings:
not specified
Other effects:
not specified
Behaviour (functional findings):
not specified
Developmental immunotoxicity:
not specified
Dose descriptor:
other: not specified
Generation:
other: not specified
Based on:
not specified
Sex:
not specified
Basis for effect level:
other: not specified
Remarks on result:
other: not specified
Critical effects observed:
not specified
System:
other: not specified
Organ:
not specified
Treatment related:
not specified
Dose response relationship:
not specified
Relevant for humans:
not specified
Reproductive effects observed:
not specified
Treatment related:
not specified
Relation to other toxic effects:
not specified
Dose response relationship:
not specified
Relevant for humans:
not specified
Conclusions:
No adverse effect level (NOAEL) was considered to be 5.1 mg/kg for males and 5.7 mg/kg for females when FDRL male and female rats were treated with Beta-Naphthyl ethyl ether orally in feed for 90 days.
Executive summary:

In a Subchronic Toxicity Test,  FDRL male and female rats were treated with Beta-Naphthyl ethyl ether in the concentration of 5.1 mg/kg for males and 5.7 mg/kg for females orally by feed for 90 days. No adverse effects on body weight and food consumption or food efficiency throughout the administration period were observed in treated rats as compared to control. Similarly, No effect on Hematological parameters and organ weight of treated male and female rats were observed as compared to control. In addition, No gross pathological and histopathological changes were observed in treated male and female rats in liver, kidneys, stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, heart, lungs, bone marrow, muscle, brain, spinal cord, bladder, adrenals, thyroid, pituitary, gonads, salivary glands, and lymph nodes as compared to control. Therefore, No adverse effect level (NOAEL) was considered to be 5.1 mg/kg for males and 5.7 mg/kg for females when FDRL male and female rats were treated with Beta-Naphthyl ethyl ether orally in feed for 90 days.

Effect on fertility: via oral route
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
393.6 mg/kg bw/day
Study duration:
subchronic
Species:
rat
Quality of whole database:
Data is Klimicsh 2 and from authoritative database
Effect on fertility: via inhalation route
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available
Effect on fertility: via dermal route
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available
Additional information

Reproductive toxicity study

Data available from different studies for the target as well as the read across substances were reviewed to determine the reproductive toxicity of Ethyl2-naphthyl ether (CAS No. 93-18-5).The studies are as mentioned below:

Study 1

In a Subchronic Toxicity Test,  FDRL male and female rats were treated with Beta-Naphthyl ethyl ether in the concentration of 5.1 mg/kg for males and 5.7 mg/kg for females orally by feed for 90 days. No adverse effects on body weight and food consumption or food efficiency throughout the administration period were observed in treated rats as compared to control. Similarly, No effect on Hematological parameters and organ weight of treated male and female rats were observed as compared to control. In addition, No gross pathological and histopathological changes were observed in treated male and female rats in liver, kidneys, stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, heart, lungs, bone marrow, muscle, brain, spinal cord, bladder, adrenals, thyroid, pituitary, gonads, salivary glands, and lymph nodes as compared to control. Therefore, No adverse effect level (NOAEL) was considered to be 5.1 mg/kg for males and 5.7 mg/kg for females when FDRL male and female rats were treated with Beta-Naphthyl ethyl ether orally in feed for 90 days.

The present study is single dose study.The study does not conclude higher dose value. Hence it is acceptable to take such low NOAEL .

Study 2

In a 28 days repeated dose toxicity study, the effect of test material was evaluated in male and female Sprague Dawley rats. The test chemical was administered by oral gavage in the concentration of 0, 125, 250 or 500 mg/kg body weight/day. The results showed that methyl 2-naphthyl ether significantly increased the level of testosterone in the 500 mg/kg body weight/day group as well as it significantly increased the level of estrogen in the 250 mg/kg body weight/day group .The relative and absolute organ weight of ovaries decreased when treated with 125, 250 or 500 mg/kg body weight/day. In similarity, the relative and absolute organ weight of uterus decreased in the 125 or 500 mg/kg body weight/day groups. No significant changes in were detected in hematology ,clinical biochemistry, mortality or organ weight, and no effects were observed in water consumption, opthalmoscopic examination or locomotor activity. In male rats, the relative organ weights of the testes and epididymides increased when rats were treated with 500 mg/kg body weight/day. Histopathology performed on reproductive organs after treatment with 500 mg/kg body weight/day did not reveal any toxic lesions as compared to control. Hence, NOAEL was considered to be 250 mg/kg body weight/day when Sprague Dawley rats were exposed daily to test material by oral route for 28 days.

Study 3

One generation reproductive toxicity study of test material was performed according to OECD Guideline 415. The test material mixed with diet in dose concentration 0, 100, 500 and 2500 ppm and adminstered to groups of 25 rats per sex per group. Males were treated for 10 weeks and during the mated period and females for at least two weeks before mating until sacrifice. Body weights were recorded weekly during gestation period and at days 1, 4, 7, 14 and 21 during lactation period. Food consumption was measured weekly during experimental period. Food intake was recorded on presumed gestation days 7, 14 and 20 and on lactation days 4, 7, 14, 18 and 21. At birth, the number of pups born, sex and body weight of individual pups on days 1 and 4 were recorded. After standardization of litter size to 8 pups, pups were weighed individually on days 7, 14 and 21 of lactation. On day of weaning sacrifice (day 21), only one randomly selected pup per sex per litter was submitted to macroscopic examination. Fertility index for dams, sires and pup survival index were calculated. On completion of the gross pathology examination, the following tissues and organs were preserved in 10% neutral buffered formalin and submitted to microscopic examination: grossly abnormal tissues, ovaries, uterus, vagina, testes, epididymides, seminal vesicles, prostate, coagulating glands, pituitary gland and target organs of all P animals. The number of corpora lutea and implantation sites were recorded for all the dams. Histopathological examination of the parents was initially restricted to preserved organs from control and high dose group animals.

There were significant lower body weights from control at high dose in males from weeks 2 to 6 and at week 8 associated with a significant lower food intake at weeks 2 and 8 at high dose in males. There was also a significant decrease in bodyweights at day 20 of the gestation period in females of the high dose group, also observed at days 4, 7 and 14 of lactation period. A statistically significant increase in relative kidney weights at mid dose in males and at high dose for males and females was observed. The increased kidney weights observed in males and females were minimal in nature (<12%) and were not associated with microscopic changes, hence considered as toxicologically insignificant changes. A statistically significant increase in relative epididymides was also recorded at high dose in males but with no related microscopic changes in left epididymides. Further, there were no corresponding change in the weight of right cauda epididymides and epididymal sperm count therefore the increased epididymal weights were considered as incidental changes. There were no test item related changes in sperm motility, cauda epididymal sperm counts and sperm morphology parameters. However, a statistically significant increase in percentage of abnormal sperms was observed in high dose males but this observed change was within the historical control data. Moreover, no fertility parameters were affected and there were no changes in the testes or epididymis grossly or histopathologically therefore, considered incidental and not related to the treatment. There were no test item related gross findings in males and females. Only single incidences of several gross findings observed in different groups were considered as incidental without any relation to test item administration. There were no test item related microscopic changes in males and females. All single or few incidences of microscopic findings observed in males and females were considered as incidental findings. The mean number and weight of male, female and total pups per litter at all the doses tested were unaffected by treatment. No treatment-related changes were observed in the data of pups up to lactation day 21 at all the doses tested. Hence No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) for maternal and developmental toxicity was considered to be2500 ppm which is equivalent to 153.8 mg/kg Bwt/day for males and 393.6 mg/kg Bwt/day for females, when male and female rats were treated with test material orally over one generation.

Thus, Based on the data available forthe target as well as the read across substances ,No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) was considered to be 393.6mg/kg bw . Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulationEthyl2-naphthyl ether (CAS No. 93-18-5)is not likely to classify as reproductive toxicant.

 

Effects on developmental toxicity

Description of key information

Developmental toxicity study

Based on the various studies available for the target as well as the read across substances for CAS: 93-18-5 were reviewed to determine the developmental toxicity, NOAELfor Ethyl 2-naphthyl ether (CAS No. 93-18-5) was considered to be in range of 50-150/kg bw/day .When rats or rabbits were treated with Ethyl 2-naphthyl ether (CAS No. 93-18-5) orally. Thus, comparing this value with the criteria ofCLP regulationEthyl 2-naphthyl ether (CAS No. 93-18-5)isnot likely to classify as reproductive and developmental toxicant.

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
developmental toxicity
Type of information:
read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
data from handbook or collection of data
Remarks:
Experimental data of read across substances
Justification for type of information:
Weight of evidence approach based on structurally similar chemicals
Reason / purpose for cross-reference:
read-across source
Reason / purpose for cross-reference:
read-across source
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 414 (Prenatal Developmental Toxicity Study)
Principles of method if other than guideline:
WoE report is based on two developmental toxicity studies on rats and rabbits
Developmental Toxicity study was performed on rabbits.
GLP compliance:
not specified
Limit test:
no
Species:
other: 1.rabbit 2.rat
Strain:
other: 1.New Zealand White 2.Crl:CD BR VAF/Plus
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
No data available
Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
other: 0.5% Carboxymethyl cellulose
Details on exposure:
Study 1
Details on exposure
PREPARATION OF DOSING SOLUTIONS:
Test material dissolved in 0.5% Carboxymethyl cellulose

DIET PREPARATION
- Rate of preparation of diet (frequency):
- Mixing appropriate amounts with (Type of food):
- Storage temperature of food:

VEHICLE
- Justification for use and choice of vehicle (if other than water): Test material dissolved in 0.5% Carboxymethyl cellulose
- Concentration in vehicle: 0, 3, 10,50mg/kg/day
- Amount of vehicle (if gavage):
- Lot/batch no. (if required):
- Purity:
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
not specified
Details on mating procedure:
No data available
Duration of treatment / exposure:
Study 1
23(gestation day 6 to 28)
Study 2
10 days (On gestation days 6-15.)
Frequency of treatment:
daily
Duration of test:
Study 1
30 days
Study 2
15 days
Remarks:
Study 1
0, 3, 10,50mg/kg/day.
Study 2
0, 150, 300, 600, or 1000 mg/kg/day
No. of animals per sex per dose:
Study 1
Total:100
0mg/kg/day: 25 female
3mg/kg/day:25 female
10mg/kg/day:25 female
50mg/kg/day:25 female
Control animals:
yes, concurrent vehicle
Details on study design:
Study 1
- Dose selection rationale: base on the preliminary range-finding study (0, 10, 60 and 300 mg/kg/day).
- Rationale for animal assignment (if not random):
- Other:
Maternal examinations:
Study 1&2
Parental animals observation and examinations
CAGE SIDE OBSERVATIONS: yes

DETAILED CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS: Yes

Time schedule: twice daily

BODY WEIGHT: Yes
Time schedule for examinations: Individual body weights were recorded on gestation days 0, 3, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, 23, 26, 29 and 30.
FOOD CONSUMPTION AND COMPOUND INTAKE (if feeding study): Yes Food consumption per cage of animals were measured over the following periods during gestation: days 0-3, 3- 5, 5-8, 8-11, 11-14, 14-17, 17-20, 20-26, 26-29 and 29-30.
Compound intake calculated as time-weighted averages from the consumption and body weight gain data: Yes / No / No data: No data available


WATER CONSUMPTION AND COMPOUND INTAKE (if drinking water study): No data
Time schedule for examinations:

OTHER:
Ovaries and uterine content:
Study 1&2
The ovaries and uterine content was examined after termination: Yes
Examinations included:
- Gravid uterus weight: Yes
- Number of corpora lutea: Yes
- Number of implantations: Yes
- Number of early resorptions: Yes
- Number of late resorptions: Yes
- Other:
Fetal examinations:
Study 1&2
- External examinations: Yes: all per litter
- Soft tissue examinations: Yes
- Skeletal examinations: Yes:
- Head examinations: Yes
Statistics:
Study 1
The test parameters body weight, percent body weight change, feed consumption, prenatal data and foetal data will be analysed using statistical techniques like Bartlett’s test, ANOVA and Dunett’s and Student’s t tests. Foetal examination will be analysed using Chi-square test.
Indices:
No data available
Historical control data:
No data available
Clinical signs:
effects observed, treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
Study 2.tremors, uncoordinated movements, recumbent posture, languidness, cold body were observed
Dermal irritation (if dermal study):
not specified
Mortality:
no mortality observed
Description (incidence):
Study 1.There were no maternal death.
Study 2.The increased mortality was observed in 1000mg/kg /day dose group.
Body weight and weight changes:
effects observed, treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
Study 1.There was a significant reduction in the body weight gain during the treatment period in the high dose group (50 mg/kg).The reduction in body weight during the treatment period was considered treatment related.
Study 2.Decreased body weight gain.
Food consumption and compound intake (if feeding study):
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
Study 1.The food consumption was comparable to the vehicle control group.
Food efficiency:
not specified
Water consumption and compound intake (if drinking water study):
not specified
Ophthalmological findings:
not specified
Haematological findings:
not specified
Clinical biochemistry findings:
not specified
Urinalysis findings:
not specified
Behaviour (functional findings):
not specified
Immunological findings:
not specified
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
not specified
Gross pathological findings:
not specified
Neuropathological findings:
not specified
Histopathological findings: non-neoplastic:
not specified
Histopathological findings: neoplastic:
not specified
Other effects:
not specified
Number of abortions:
effects observed, treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
Study 1.One rabbit aborted in the 50mg/kg dose group
Pre- and post-implantation loss:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
Study 1.The maternal data parameters comprising of pre and post-implantation loss in all the treatment groups were comparable to the vehicle control group
Total litter losses by resorption:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
Study 1.The maternal data parameters comprising of early and late resorptions in all the treatment groups were comparable to the vehicle control group
Early or late resorptions:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
Study 1.The maternal data parameters comprising of early and late resorptions in all the treatment groups were comparable to the vehicle control group
Dead fetuses:
not specified
Changes in pregnancy duration:
not specified
Description (incidence and severity):
Migrated Data from removed field(s)
Field "Effects on pregnancy duration" (Path: ENDPOINT_STUDY_RECORD.DevelopmentalToxicityTeratogenicity.ResultsAndDiscussion.ResultsMaternalAnimals.MaternalDevelopmentalToxicity.EffectsOnPregnancyDuration): not specified
Changes in number of pregnant:
effects observed, treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
Study 1.There were 2 non pregnant rabbits in control, 4 in low dose group, 3 in mid dose group and 4 in the high dose group. There was one complete resorption in mid dose group.
Other effects:
not specified
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
> 10 - <= 150 mg/kg bw/day (nominal)
Based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect level:
body weight and weight gain
changes in number of pregnant
early or late resorptions
food consumption and compound intake
mortality
number of abortions
pre and post implantation loss
total litter losses by resorption
Remarks on result:
other: No toxic effects observed
Abnormalities:
not specified
Localisation:
not specified
Fetal body weight changes:
effects observed, treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
Study1.no effects observed
Study2.Fetal body weights were decreased at 600 and 1000 mg/kg/day.
Migrated Data from removed field(s)
Field "Fetal/pup body weight changes" (Path: ENDPOINT_STUDY_RECORD.DevelopmentalToxicityTeratogenicity.ResultsAndDiscussion.ResultsFetuses.FetalPupBodyWeightChanges): not specified
Reduction in number of live offspring:
not specified
Changes in sex ratio:
no effects observed
Changes in litter size and weights:
not specified
Changes in postnatal survival:
not specified
External malformations:
not specified
Skeletal malformations:
effects observed, treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
Study 2.Skeletal variations were seen at dose group 300 mg/kg/day and at higher doses. The skeletal variations manifested as increased unossified sternebrae, seventh cervical ribs, and misaligned sternebrae
Visceral malformations:
not specified
Other effects:
not specified
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
> 50 - <= 150 mg/kg bw/day (nominal)
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
not specified
Basis for effect level:
changes in sex ratio
fetal/pup body weight changes
Remarks on result:
other: No developmental toxic effects observed
Abnormalities:
not specified
Localisation:
other: not specified
Developmental effects observed:
not specified
Treatment related:
not specified
Relation to maternal toxicity:
not specified
Dose response relationship:
not specified
Relevant for humans:
not specified

Main parameters of pregnant rabbits treated with test material during organogenesis period

Group

1

2

3

4

dose (mg/kg/d)

0

3

10

50

Maternal observations

Mortality

 

0/25

0/25

 

0/25

0/25

 

Day 0-6

6.80

8.06

 

8.85

6.44

Body

weight gain (%)

 

 

 

Day 6-30

15.67

10.62

18.99

9.28*

Day 0-30

20.55

17.54

25.32

14.74

No. of rabbits aborted

0

0

0

1

No. of non pregnant rabbits

2

4

3

4

No of pregnant rabbits

23

21

22

20

Dams with complete resorptions

0

1

0

0

Number of litter examined

23

20

22

20

* : Significantly different from vehicle control at p≤0.05

 

Main parameters of pregnant rabbits treated with test material during organogenesis period

Group

1

2

3

4

dose (mg/kg/d)

0

3

10

50

Litter observations

 

 

Number of Corpora lutea

8.43

8.24

8.77

6.70*

Pre-implantation loss (%)

9.00

11.33

6.37

19.43*

Post-implantation loss (%)

3.60

7.82

5.65

5.26

Early resorptions

0.35

0.24

0.36

0.25

Late resorptions

0.00

0.14

0.09

0.05

Mean litter size

7.70

7.52

8.27

5.50**

Fetus weight

(g)

Male

44.03

43.15

41.83

43.27

Female

42.28

40.82

42.10

42.85

Sex ratio- Male: Female

1:1.85

1:1.30

1:1.15

1:1.00

 

* : Significantly different from vehicle control at p≤0.05

**: Significantly different from vehicle control at p≤0.01

Conclusions:
No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) for developmental toxicity was considered to be in range of 50-150 mg/kg/day, When rabbits or rats were treated with test material orally.
Executive summary:

Data available from different studies for the target as well as the read across substances were reviewed to determine the developmental toxicity of Ethyl2-naphthyl ether (CAS No. 93-18-5).The studies are as mentioned below:

Study 1

The developmental toxicity study of test material was performed according to OECD guideline 414 on rabbits. Young adult nulliparous New-Zealand white strain female and male rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) were used in study. The test material dissolved in 0.5% Carboxymethyl cellulose in dose concentration 0, 3, 10 and 50 mg/kg/day and administered by daily gavage through gestation day 6 to 28to mated females (25/dose group).The preliminary range-finding study (0, 10, 60 and 300 mg/kg/day) was performed, Based on preliminary range-finding study findings, 0, 3, 10 and 50 mg/kg/day were selected for the main study. Animals were observed twice daily for morbidity and mortality. Individual clinical signs were recorded at least once a day during the treatment period and once daily during the pre- and post-treatment periods. Individual body weights were recorded on gestation days 0, 3, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, 23, 26, 29 and 30. Food consumption per cage of animals were measured over the following periods during gestation: days 0-3, 3- 5, 5-8, 8-11, 11-14, 14-17, 17-20, 20-26, 26-29 and 29-30. On Day 29 of gestation, all the rabbits were sacrificed using intravenous injection of sodium thiopentone. Any gross pathological changes in all the visceral organs of dams were recorded. Organs with macroscopic findings and kidneys were preserved for possible histological evaluation. The ovaries, uteri and uterine contents were removed and examined to determine: the number of corpora lutea, the number of implantations, early and late resorptions, the weight of intact gravid uterus, the number and distribution of live foetuses, the number and distribution of intra-uterine dead foetuses, the individual foetal weight and sex, foetal abnormalities.

There were no maternal death or necropsy findings at any dose levels. There was a significant reduction in the body weight gain during the treatment period in the high dose group (50 mg/kg). The food consumption was comparable to the vehicle control grou. The reduction in body weight during the treatment period was considered treatment related. One rabbit aborted in the high dose group, there were 2 non pregnant rabbits in control, 4 in low dose group, 3 in mid dose group and 4 in the high dose group. There was one complete resorption in mid dose group. At the end, at least 20 litters were observed in each of the dose groups. The maternal data parameters comprising of implantations, early and late resorptions, pre and post-implantation loss in all the treatment groups were comparable to the vehicle control group. The mean number of corpora lutea, implantation and live foetus were significantly lower in high dose group (50 mg/kg body weight/day) when compared with the control group. Observed decrease in corpora lutea at 50 mg/kg body weight/day is considered as biological variation because the treatment was initiated after the implantation (gestation day 6). Therefore, the decrease observed in the absolute uterine weight, implantation and live foetus reported at this dose level are also considering as biological variation as these observations are directly correlated with the decrease in the number of the corpora lutea. Hence No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) for developmental toxicity was considered to be 50 mg/kg/day,When female rabbits were treated with test material orally.

 Study2.

The developmental toxicity study of test material was performed on Crl:CD BR VAF/Plus rats. Test material in dose concentration0, 150, 300, 600, or 1000 mg/kg/day was administered orally on gestation days 6-15. The mortality observed on1000 mg/kg/day dose group. Clinical signs like Tremors, uncoordinated movements, recumbent posture, languidness, cold body and decreased body weight gain observed. Fetal body weights were decreased at 600 and 1000 mg/kg/day. Skeletal variations were seen at the 300 mg/kg/day and at higher doses. The skeletal variations manifested as increased unossified sternebrae, seventh cervical ribs, and misaligned sternebrae. Hence No Observed Effect Level (NOELs )for maternal and developmental toxicity were considered to be 150mg/kg/day. When rats were treated with test material orally on gestation days 6-15.

Thus, Based on the data available forthe target as well as the read across substances ,No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) was considered to be in range of 50-150mg/kg bw . Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulationEthyl2-naphthyl ether (CAS No. 93-18-5)is not likely to classify as reproductive and developmental toxicant.

 

 

Effect on developmental toxicity: via oral route
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
50 mg/kg bw/day
Study duration:
subacute
Species:
other: Rats or rabbits
Quality of whole database:
Data is Klimicsh 2 and from authoritative database
Effect on developmental toxicity: via inhalation route
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available
Effect on developmental toxicity: via dermal route
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available
Additional information

Developmental toxicity study

Data available from different studies for the target as well as the read across substances were reviewed to determine the developmental toxicity of Ethyl2-naphthyl ether (CAS No. 93-18-5).The studies are as mentioned below:

Study 1

The developmental toxicity study of test material was performed according to OECD guideline 414 on rabbits. Young adult nulliparous New-Zealand white strain female and male rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) were used in study. The test material dissolved in 0.5% Carboxymethyl cellulose in dose concentration 0, 3, 10 and 50 mg/kg/day and administered by daily gavage through gestation day 6 to 28to mated females (25/dose group).The preliminary range-finding study (0, 10, 60 and 300 mg/kg/day) was performed, Based on preliminary range-finding study findings, 0, 3, 10 and 50 mg/kg/day were selected for the main study. Animals were observed twice daily for morbidity and mortality. Individual clinical signs were recorded at least once a day during the treatment period and once daily during the pre- and post-treatment periods. Individual body weights were recorded on gestation days 0, 3, 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, 23, 26, 29 and 30. Food consumption per cage of animals were measured over the following periods during gestation: days 0-3, 3- 5, 5-8, 8-11, 11-14, 14-17, 17-20, 20-26, 26-29 and 29-30. On Day 29 of gestation, all the rabbits were sacrificed using intravenous injection of sodium thiopentone. Any gross pathological changes in all the visceral organs of dams were recorded. Organs with macroscopic findings and kidneys were preserved for possible histological evaluation. The ovaries, uteri and uterine contents were removed and examined to determine: the number of corpora lutea, the number of implantations, early and late resorptions, the weight of intact gravid uterus, the number and distribution of live foetuses, the number and distribution of intra-uterine dead foetuses, the individual foetal weight and sex, foetal abnormalities.

There were no maternal death or necropsy findings at any dose levels. There was a significant reduction in the body weight gain during the treatment period in the high dose group (50 mg/kg). The food consumption was comparable to the vehicle control grou. The reduction in body weight during the treatment period was considered treatment related. One rabbit aborted in the high dose group, there were 2 non pregnant rabbits in control, 4 in low dose group, 3 in mid dose group and 4 in the high dose group. There was one complete resorption in mid dose group. At the end, at least 20 litters were observed in each of the dose groups. The maternal data parameters comprising of implantations, early and late resorptions, pre and post-implantation loss in all the treatment groups were comparable to the vehicle control group. The mean number of corpora lutea, implantation and live foetus were significantly lower in high dose group (50 mg/kg body weight/day) when compared with the control group. Observed decrease in corpora lutea at 50 mg/kg body weight/day is considered as biological variation because the treatment was initiated after the implantation (gestation day 6). Therefore, the decrease observed in the absolute uterine weight, implantation and live foetus reported at this dose level are also considering as biological variation as these observations are directly correlated with the decrease in the number of the corpora lutea. Hence No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) for developmental toxicity was considered to be 50 mg/kg/day,When female rabbits were treated with test material orally.

 Study2.

The developmental toxicity study of test material was performed on Crl:CD BR VAF/Plus rats. Test material in dose concentration0, 150, 300, 600, or 1000 mg/kg/day was administered orally on gestation days 6-15. The mortality observed on1000 mg/kg/day dose group. Clinical signs like Tremors, uncoordinated movements, recumbent posture, languidness, cold body and decreased body weight gain observed. Fetal body weights were decreased at 600 and 1000 mg/kg/day. Skeletal variations were seen at the 300 mg/kg/day and at higher doses. The skeletal variations manifested as increased unossified sternebrae, seventh cervical ribs, and misaligned sternebrae. Hence No Observed Effect Level (NOELs )for maternal and developmental toxicity were considered to be 150mg/kg/day. When rats were treated with test material orally on gestation days 6-15.

Thus, Based on the data available forthe target as well as the read across substances ,No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) was considered to be in range of 50-150mg/kg bw . Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulationEthyl2-naphthyl ether (CAS No. 93-18-5)is not likely to classify as reproductive and developmental toxicant.

 

 

Justification for classification or non-classification

Thus, comparing this value with the criteria of CLP regulation Ethyl 2-naphthyl ether (CAS No. 93-18-5) isnot likely to classify as reproductive and developmental toxicant.

Additional information

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