Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Workers - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
7.05 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
75
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
Value:
528.95 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
The relevant dose descriptor selected to derive the inhalation DNEL, was the oral rat NOAEL of 300 mg/kg bw/day derived from an OECD combined repeated dose toxicity study with the reproduction/Developmental toxicity screening test conducted with HEMA-phosphate. This dose descriptor which is the starting point was corrected for route-to-route extrapolation [i.e., NOAELoral rat ÷ SRvrat x (SRvhuman ÷ WSRvhuman) x (ABSoral-rat/ABSinh-human)] in accordance with REACH guidance document R.8 (‘Characterization of dose (concentration)-response for human health’) November (2012); where: NOAELoral rat = 300 mg/kg bw/d; SRvrat = 0.38 m3/kg bw; SRvhuman = 6.7 m3; WSRvhuman = 10 m3; ABSoral-rat = 100%; ABSinh-human = 100%) = 300 x 1/0.38 x 6.7/10 x 100/100 = 528.95 mg/m3))
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Dose response (starting point is a NOAEL)
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
Assessment factors for exposure duration (sub-acute to chronic study)
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
No assessment factor applied for interspecies difference - allometric (metabolic rate) scaling (rat-to-human) since this is already accounted for when obtaining the corrected NOEC






AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Assessment factors for remaining non-metabolic differences
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
Assessment factors for workers
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Good quality study
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No additional factors are required
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Workers - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
1 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
300
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
In absence of data and in line with the ECHA R.8 guidance, the dermal absorption in general, will not be higher than oral absorption. Hence no route to route correction is required for oral-to-dermal extrapolation.
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Dose-response (starting point is a NOAEL)
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
Assessment factors for exposure duration (sub-acute to chronic study)
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Assessment factor applied for interspecies difference - allometric (metabolic rate) scaling (rat-to-human)
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Assessment factor for any remaining non-metabolic differences
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
Assessment factor for workers
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Good quality study
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
Not additional assessment factors are required
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
Route of original study:
Dermal
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
sensitisation (skin)
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
sensitisation (skin)

Workers - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
high hazard (no threshold derived)

Additional information - workers

General Population - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
3.53 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
150
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
Value:
528.95 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

The relevant dose descriptor selected to derive the inhalation DNEL, was the oral rat NOAEL of 300 mg/kg bw/day derived from an OECD combined repeated dose toxicity study with the reproduction/Developmental toxicity screening test conducted with HEMA-phosphate. This dose descriptor which is the starting point was corrected for route-to-route extrapolation [i.e., NOAELoral rat ÷ SRvrat x (SRvhuman ÷ WSRvhuman) x (ABSoral-rat/ABSinh-human)] in accordance with REACH guidance document R.8 (‘Characterization of dose (concentration)-response for human health’) November (2012); where: NOAELoral rat = 300 mg/kg bw/d; SRvrat = 0.38 m3/kg bw; SRvhuman = 6.7 m3; WSRvhuman = 10 m3; ABSoral-rat = 100%; ABSinh-human = 100%. = 300 x 1/0.38 x 6.7/10 x 100/100 = 528.95 mg/m3)).

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Dose response (starting point is a NOAEL)
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
Assessment factors for exposure duration (sub-acute to chronic study)
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
No assessment factor applied for interspecies difference - allometric (metabolic rate) scaling (rat-to-human) since this is already accounted for when obtaining the corrected NOEC
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Assessment factors for remaining non-metabolic differences
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Assessment factors for general population
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Good quality study
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No additional factors are required
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.5 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
600
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

In absence of data and in line with the ECHA R.8 guidance, the dermal absorption in general, will not be higher than oral absorption. Hence no route to route correction is required for oral-to-dermal extrapolation.

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Dose-response (starting point is a NOAEL)
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
Assessment factors for exposure duration (sub-acute to chronic study)
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Assessment factor applied for interspecies difference - allometric (metabolic rate) scaling (rat-to-human)
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Assessment factor for any remaining non-metabolic differences
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Assessment factor for general population
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Good quality study
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
Not additional assessment factors are required
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
sensitisation (skin)
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
sensitisation (skin)

General Population - Hazard via oral route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.5 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
600
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

Not required, as starting point is based on an oral study.

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
Dose-response (starting point is a NOAEL)
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
Assessment factors for exposure duration (sub-acute to chronic study)
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Assessment factor applied for interspecies difference - allometric (metabolic rate) scaling (rat-to-human)
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Assessment factor for any remaining non-metabolic differences
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Assessment factor for general population
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
Good quality study
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No additional assessment factors are required
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Additional information - General Population