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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study well documented, following official guideline and GLP compliant

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1986
Report Date:
1986

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
other: black solid

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
Three New Zealand white strain rabbits were supplied by Nottingham University, School of Agriculture, Sutton Bonington, Leicestershire, U.K.
At the start of the study the animals weighed 2.37 - 2.66 kg and were approximately twelve to sixteen weeks old.
After a minimum acclimatisation period of five days each animal was given a number unique within the study written on the inner surface of the ear and on a cage label using a black indelible marker pen.
The animals were individually housed in suspended metal cages. Free access to mains drinking water and food (Rabbit Diet, Special Diet Services Limited, l.litham, Essex, U.K. ) was allowed throughout the study.
The animal room was maintaÍned at a temperature of 19 - 22 °C and relative humidity of 50 - 55 %. The rate of air exchange was approximately 15 changes per hour and the Iigthing was controlled by a time switch to give 12 hours light and 12 hours darkness.

Test system

Controls:
other: untreated left eye served as control
Amount / concentration applied:
0.1 ml (48 mg)
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
thrre females
Details on study design:
Within 24 hours of commencement of the test both eyes of each rabbit provisional y selected, were exami ed for evidence of ocular irritation or defect using an ophthalmoscope. Animals showing evidence of ocular Ie sions were rejected and replaced.
0n the day of the test each rabbit was held firmly but gently until quiet. A volume of 0.1 ml of the test material which was found to weigh 48 mg was placed into the right eye of each rabbit by gently pulling the lower lid away from the eyeball to form a cup into which the test material was
dropped. The upper and lower eyelids were held together for about one second immediately after application to prevent loss of the test material from the eye. The left eye remained untreated and was used for control purposes.

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
other: mean value of 24, 48 and 72h
Score:
ca. 0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
other: mean value of 24, 48 and 72h
Score:
ca. 0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
other: mean value of 24, 48 and 72hg
Score:
ca. 0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
other: mean value of 24, 48 and 72h
Score:
ca. 0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
other: mean value of 24, 48 and 72h
Score:
ca. 0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
other: mean value of 24, 48 and 72h
Score:
ca. 0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
redness
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
other: mean value of 24, 48 and 72h
Score:
ca. 0.3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48h
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
redness
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
other: mean value of 24, 48 and 72h
Score:
ca. 0.3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48h
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
redness
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
other: mean value of 24, 48 and 72h
Score:
ca. 0.3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48h
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
other: mean value of 24, 48 and 72h
Score:
ca. 0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
other: mean value of 24, 48 and 72h
Score:
ca. 0.3
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48h
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
other: mean value of 24, 48 and 72h
Score:
ca. 0
Max. score:
4
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Iridial inflammation and a dulling of the normal lustre of the cornea were noted in all treated eyes one hour after treatment. The corneas and iris of all animals appeared normal at subsequent observations.
Conjunctivis identified by redeness and swelling was apparent in all treated eyes at the on-hour observation. The irritation regressed and minimal conjunctivis persisted at the 24 h observation. All treated eyes appeared normal 48 h after treatment.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information according to CLP Regulation Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The substance was tested for eye irritation following OECD 405. Under the experimental conditions the substance did not show any eye irritation potetial
Executive summary:

The substance was tested for eye irritation following OECD 405. Three female NZW rabbtis were instileld in the right eye with 0.1 ml of the tested substance. Readings were performed at 24, 48 and 72 h. Under the experimental conditions the substance did not show any eye irritation potetial