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Description of key information

Acute oral toxicity: Key study: Test method OECD Guideline 420. GLP study. No effects were observed in rats after a single oral dose of 2000 mg/kg bw.

Acute dermal toxicity: Key study: Read-across from experimental data on an analogue. Test method OECD Guideline 403. GLP study. The dermal LD50 in rats was determined to be > 2000 mg/kg bw.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Acute toxicity: via oral route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
4 August 2015 - 25 August 2015
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 420 (Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Method)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.1 bis (Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Procedure)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Test type:
fixed dose procedure
Limit test:
no
Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Experimental Medicine Centre at the Medical University in Białystok
- Age at study initiation: 10 week-old (preliminary test); 11 week-old (main test)
- Weight at study initiation: average body weight: 207-217 g
- Fasting period before study: about 19 hours before the administration of the test item, restored 3 hours after the administration
- Housing: plastic cages covered with wire bar lids, 58 x 37 x 21 cm, with UV-sterilized wood shavings as bedding.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum, "Murigran" standard granulated laboratory food.
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum, tap water
- Acclimation period: 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 20-26ºC
- Humidity (%): 40-87%
- Air changes (per hr): 16 times/hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hours light/12 hours dark
Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
water
Remarks:
(distilled water)
Details on oral exposure:
VEHICLE: Distilled water was introduced to a beaker containing 300 mg (300 mg/Kg bw dose) or 2000 mg (2000 mg/kg bw dose) of the test item to obtain a solution in a volume of 5 mL. Then, the test was carefully mixed with distilled water.
Concentration in vehicle: 60 mg/ml (300 mg/kg bw dose); 400 mg/ml (200 mg/kg bw dose).

MAXIMUM DOSE VOLUME APPLIED: 0.5 mL/100 g bw

RATIONALE FOR SELECTION OF THE STARTING DOSE: The starting dose for the sighting study was selected from the fixed dose levels of 5, 50, 300 and 2000 mg/kg bw. Since no data were available, the sighting study commenced with the administration of the test item at a dose of 300 mg/kg bw to one female rat. Considering the fact that no evident toxicity was produced, the test item at a single dose of 2000 mg/kg bw was administered to the next animal. Since no signs of toxicity were stated, the dose of 2000 mg/kg b.w. was selected to be used in the main study.
Doses:
Sighting study: 300 and 2000 mg/kg bw
Main study: 2000 mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
2 female in the sighting study.
4 females in the main study.
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: on days 0 (directly before the administration of the test item), 7, and 14 (before euthanasia).
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed:
General condition: observation of all animals for morbidity and mortality: twice a day or once a day (on days off) during the 14-day experiment.
Detailed clinical observations: on the day of the test item administration (day 0), i.e. 10, 30, and 60 minutes after the administration and then at hourly intervals up to the 5th hour after the administration. From the 1st to the 14th day of the experiment, the detailed clinical observations were performed once a day.
Gross examinations: After the 14-day observation period, all animals were euthanized by intraperitoneal administration of morbital at a dose of 200 mg/kg bw and subjected to gross examinations. The detailed gross examinations comprised the observation of the external body surface, all natural apertures, and the cranial, thoracic, and abdominal cavities with their contents.
Preliminary study:
Clinical signs: No signs of toxicity were stated and the animals survived the experiment after administration of 300 mg/kg bw and 2000 mg/kg bw.
Body weight: During the 14-day experiment, body weight loss was observed in one female (dose of 300 mg/kg bw).
Gross examinations: No pathological changes were observed in both animals.
Key result
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
discriminating dose
Effect level:
300 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
All animals survived the experiment.
Clinical signs:
No signs of toxicity were found.
Body weight:
During the 14-day experiment, body weight gain was found in all animals.
Gross pathology:
No lesions were found in the animal.
Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Remarks:
CLP Implementation.
Conclusions:
No effects were observed in rats after the oral exposure of 2000 mg/kg bw (highest dose tested).
Executive summary:

The acute oral toxicity study based on a fixed dose method was performed according to OECD Guideline 420 (GLP study). In the preliminary test a female rat was orally exposed to a single dose of 300 mg/kg bw and then, since no signs of toxicity were observed, a second rat was exposed to a single dose of 2000 mg/kg bw. Since no effects were observed and all rats survided, four animals used in the main study were given the test item at a dose of 2000 mg/kg bw. After the administration of the test item, the animals were observed for 14 days. General and detailed clinical observations were conducted daily during the entire experiment. Body weights of the animals were determined. After the 14-day observation period, the animals were euthanized and subjected to a necropsy and a detailed gross examination. No signs of toxicity were found and all animals survived the experiment. During the 14-day experiment, body weight gain was found in the animals. Regarding the gross examinations, no lesions were found in the animals. The test item was beyond categorization according to CLP Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
discriminating dose
Value:
2 000 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
The study is GLP compliant and of high quality (Klimisch score = 1).

Acute toxicity: via inhalation route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Acute toxicity: via dermal route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Read-across from an analogue substance for which a guideline study (Klimisch 1) is available.
Reason / purpose:
read-across source
Key result
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Remarks on result:
other: Based on the read-across from an analogue substance for which LD50 = 2000 mg/kg-bw
Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Remarks:
CLP Implementation.
Conclusions:
Based on the read-across approach, the dermal LD50 of P1401 in rats was determined to be greater than 2000 mg/kg bw.
Executive summary:

An acute dermal toxicity test was performed with the analogue substance P0310 according to OECD guideline 402 and EU Method B.3, and following GLP. No deaths occurred during the study. No clinical signs of toxicity were noted during the course of the study. At removal of the application patch, two animals expressed a slight erythema which was present at that observation, only. The body weight of the animals was within the range commonly recorded for this strain and age. At the scheduled necropsy one male was observed with enlarged kidneys. Otherwise, there were no macroscopic findings in the animals. Based on these results, the read-across approach was applied and the dermal LD50 for P1401 in rats was determined to be greater than 2000 mg/kg bw.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
discriminating dose
Value:
2 000 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
The study is GLP compliant and of high quality (Klimisch score = 1). Since read-across approach was applied the Klimisch score is = 2.

Additional information

Acute oral toxicity:

Key study: The acute oral toxicity study based on a fixed dose method was performed according to OECD Guideline 420 (GLP study). Based on a preliminary test, 4 female rats were orally exposed to a single dose of 2000 mg/kg bw test item. No signs of toxicity were found and all animals survived the experiment. During the 14-day experiment, body weight gain was found in the animals. Regarding the gross examinations, no lesions were found in the animals. The test item was beyond categorization according to CLP Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.

Acute dermal toxicity:

Key study: Read-across approach from experimental data on the analogue substance P0310.

An acute dermal toxicity test was performed with the analogue substance P0310 according to OECD Guideline 402 (GLP study). Five male and five female HanRcc:WIST (SPF) rats were treated with the test item at 2000 mg/kg by dermal application for 24 hours. No deaths occurred during the study. No clinical signs of toxicity were noted during the course of the study. At removal of the application patch, two animals expressed a slight erythema which was present at that observation, only. The body weight of the animals was within the range commonly recorded for this strain and age. At the scheduled necropsy one male was observed with enlarged kidneys. Otherwise, there were no macroscopic findings in the animals. The dermal LD50 for in rats was determined to be greater than 2000 mg/kg bw.


Acute toxicity: inhalation
In accordance with Column 2 of REACH Annex VIII, the inhalation acute toxicity test is not necessary when the test substance is not a gas and two other routes are assessed (in this case: Oral and Dermal).

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on available experimental data (oral and dermal LD50 > 2000 mg/kg bw), the substance is not classified for acute toxicity according to CLP Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.