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Table    Summary of Aquatic Toxicity of Calcium dodecylbenzenesulfonate and structural analogue or surrogate on Aquatic Organisms

AquaticToxicity

Organism

Species

Test Duration

Result(mg/L)

Test material

Reference

Short-term toxicity to fish

Fish

 

Cyprinus carpio

 

 

48hr

 

 

 

LC50= 2.8-4.2 mg/l

 

 

Calcium dodecylbenzenesulphonate

 

Nishiuchi,Y., H. Iwamura, and K. Asano,1985

 

Salmo gairdneri

 

 

96hr

 

 

 

LC50= 3.2-5.6 mg/l

 

 

Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate

 

Douglas et al.,1986

 

Rita rita

96hr

LC50=6.926-

7.16 mg/l

Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate

Roy, 1988

Leuciscus idus

96hr

LC50=4.1mg/l

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid

Knie, V.J.et al.,1983

Brachydanio rerio

96hr

LC50=10 mg/l

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid

Hoechst AG 1988

Fishes species

(freshwater fish)

96hr

LC50=1.74 mg/l (calculated)

Calcium dodecylbenzenesulphonate

 

USEPA, 2011

 

Oryzias latipes

48hr

 

LC50= 3-5.3 mg/l

 

Calcium dodecylbenzenesulphonate

 

Nishiuchi,Y., H. Iwamura, and K. Asano,1985

 

 

Misgurnus anguillicaudatus 

48hr

 

LC50= 3.3-6 mg/l

 

Calcium dodecylbenzenesulphonate

 

Nishiuchi,Y., H. Iwamura, and K. Asano,1985

 

 

Fishes species

(freshwater fish)

24 hr

LC50=4.5-6.4 mg/l

Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate

Lundahl,P., and R. Cabridenc, 1978

Long-term toxicity to fish

Fish

Fishes species (freshwater fish)

30 day

NOEC =0.23 mg/l (calculated)

Calcium dodecylbenzenesulphonate

 

USEPA, 2011

 

Tilapia mossambica

90 day

 

NOEC =0.25mg/l

Benzenesulfonic acid, C10-13-alkyl derivs., sodium salts

Chattopahyay, D.N. and Konar, S.K.,1985

 Lepomis macrochirus

28 day

 

NOEC =1mg/l

C11.6 LAS

Maki AW, 1981

Pimephales promelas

32 day

 

EC20=1 mg/l

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid

 

Versteeg DJ and Rawlings JM, 2003

Pimephales promelas

28 day

 

NOEC =0.9 mg/l

C11.8 LAS

Maki AW, 1979

Short-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Invertebrates

Daphnia magna

48hr

LC50= 3.5mg/l

C12 LAS

Kimerle and Swisher, 1977

Daphnid species

48hr

LC50=1.276 mg/l (calculated)

Calcium dodecylbenzenesulphonate

 

USEPA, 2011

 

 

 

Daphnia pulex

Daphnia carinata

 

 

48hr

LC50=40 mg/l

Calcium dodecylbenzenesulphonate

 

Nishiuchi,Y., H. Iwamura, and K. Asano,1985 

 

Daphnia magna

24hr

EC50=12 mg/l

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid

 

Knie, V.J.,et al.,1983

Daphnia magna

48hr

EC50=5.88 mg/l

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid

 

Galassi et al. 1993

Daphnia magna

48hr

EC50=6.3-9.5 mg/l

Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate  

 

Oda,S., N. Tatarazako, H. Watanabe, M. Morita, and T. Iguchi, 2006

Daphnia magna

24hr

EC50=12-17 mg/l

Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate  

 

Lundahl,P.,

 and R. Cabridenc,1978

Tisbe bulbisetosa (saltwater Invertebrates)

48hr

LC50=4.58 -5.12 mg/l

Dodecylbenzenesulfonate (DBS)

Venezia LD, et al.1980

Long-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Invertebrates

Daphnid species

30 day

NOEC =0.253mg/l (calculated)

 Calcium dodecylbenzenesulphonate

 

USEPA, 2011

 

Daphnia magna

21 day

NOEC =1.25-3.25mg/l

Benzenesulfonic acid, C10-13-alkyl derivs., sodium salts 

Taylor, M.J.,1985

Daphnia magna

21 day

NOEC =1.65mg/l

 Sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate

Radix P,et al.2000

Ceriodaphnia dubia

7 day

NOEC =4mg/l

Sodium dodecylbenzene sulfinate

Moore,S.B., R.A. Diehl, J.M. Barnhardt, and G.B. Avery,1987

Daphnia magna

21 day

NOEC =1.18mg/l

C11.8 LAS

Maki, A.W.

1979

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyano-bacteria

Algae

Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata

72hr

NOEC = 7.9mg/l

EC50= 65.4 mg/l (growth rate)

EC50=21 (biomass)

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid

MOE, 2008

Green Algae

30 day

NOEC =1.266mg/l (calculated)

EC50=2.736mg/l (calculated)

 

 Calcium dodecylbenzenesulphonate

 

USEPA, 2011

 

Selenastrum capricornutum (Algae)

96hr

 

EC50=29mg/l

Dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid

Galassi et al.1992

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

aquatic plants

Lemna minor

7 day

EC50=2.7mg/l

NOEC =0.9mg/l

C11.8 LAS

Bishop, W.E. et al1981.

Toxicity to microorganisms

Microorganisms

Activated sludge

3hr

EC50= 500-723mg/l

Na-12C LAS

Verge and, 1996

Toxicity to other aquatic organisms

Marine mussel

Mytilus galloprovincialis

(saltwater)

7 day

NOEC =32.19mg/kg/dw

C12-LAS

Marin, M.G., Pivotti, L., Campesan, G., Turchetto, M. and Tallandini, L.,1994

 

 

 

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