Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
21 January 2015 to 12 February 2015
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Based on OECD test guideline and GLP compliant

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2015
Report Date:
2015

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.3 (Acute Toxicity (Dermal))
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
other: Solid

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
Five male and five female Wistar (RccHanTM:WIST) strain rats were supplied by Harlan Laboratories UK Ltd., Oxon, UK. On receipt the animals were randomly allocated to cages. The females were nulliparous and non-pregnant. After an acclimatization period of at least 5 days the animals were selected at random and given a number unique within the study by indelible ink-marking on the tail and a number written on a cage card. At the start of the study the animals weighed at least 200 g, and were 8 to 12 weeks of age. The weight variation did not exceed ±20% of the mean weight for each sex.

The animals were housed in suspended solid floor polypropylene cages furnished with woodflakes. The initial two animals were housed individually throughout the study. The further group of eight animals (four male and four female) were housed individually during the 24-Hour exposure period and in groups of four, by sex, for the remainder of the study. Free access to mains drinking water and food (2014C Teklad Global Rodent diet supplied by Harlan Laboratories UK Ltd., Oxon, UK) was allowed throughout the study. The diet, drinking water and bedding were routinely analyzed and were considered not to contain any contaminants that could reasonably be expected to affect the purpose or integrity of the study.

The temperature and relative humidity were set to achieve limits of 19 to 25 °C and 30 to 70% respectively. The rate of air exchange was at least fifteen changes per hour and the lighting was controlled by a time switch to give 12 hours continuous light (06:00 to 18:00) and 12 hours darkness.

The animals were provided with environmental enrichment items which were considered not to contain any contaminant of a level that might have affected the purpose or integrity of the study.

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Vehicle:
arachis oil
Details on dermal exposure:
The appropriate amount of test item, moistened with arachis oil BP, was applied as evenly as possible to an area of shorn skin (approximately 10% of the total body surface area). A piece of surgical gauze was placed over the treatment area and semi-occluded with a piece of self-adhesive bandage. The animals were caged individually throughout the study. Shortly after dosing the dressings were examined to ensure that they were securely in place.

After the 24-Hour contact period the bandage was carefully removed and the treated skin and surrounding hair wiped with cotton wool moistened with arachis oil BP to remove any residual test item.

As no mortalities were noted a further group of animals (four males and four females) was similarly treated with the test item at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight to give a total of five males and five females. The animals were caged individually for the 24-Hour exposure period. After the 24-Hour contact period the bandages were carefully removed and the treated skin and surrounding hair wiped with cotton wool moistened with arachis oil BP to remove any residual test item. These animals were returned to group housing for the remainder of the test period.
Duration of exposure:
24 hours
Doses:
2000 mg/kg body weight
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5/sex/group
Control animals:
not specified
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: The animals were observed for deaths or overt signs of toxicity 30 minutes, 1, 2 and 4 hours after dosing and subsequently once daily for 14 days. Individual body weights were recorded prior to application of the test item on Day 0 and on Days 7 and 14.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: At the end of the study the animals were killed by cervical dislocation. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy. This consisted of an external examination and opening of the abdominal and thoracic cavities. The appearance of any macroscopic abnormalities was recorded. No tissues were retained.
- Other examinations performed: Clinical signs and body weight development were monitored during the study.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
There were no deaths.
Clinical signs:
There were no signs of systemic toxicity.
Body weight:
All animals showed expected gains in body weight.
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were noted at necropsy.
Other findings:
Dermal Irritation. Signs of dermal irritation noted were very slight to well-defined erythema, very slight edema, crust formation, light brown discoloration of the epidermis, small superficial scattered scabs and scab lifting to reveal glossy skin.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The acute dermal median lethal dose (LD50) of the test item in the Wistar strain rat was found to be greater than 2000 mg/kg body weight.

The test item does not meet the criteria for classification according to CLP (1272/2008/EC).
Executive summary:

Introduction

The study was performed to assess the acute dermal toxicity of the test item in the Wistar strain rat.

Methods

Initially, two animals (one male and one female) were given a single, 24 hour, semi-occluded dermal application of the test item to intact skin at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight. Based on the results of the initial test, a further group of eight animals (four males and four females) was similarly treated. Clinical signs and body weight development were monitored during the study. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy.

Results

Mortality. There were no deaths.

Clinical Observations. There were no signs of systemic toxicity.

Dermal Irritation. Signs of dermal irritation noted were very slight to well-defined erythema, very slight edema, crust formation, light brown discoloration of the epidermis, small superficial scattered scabs and scab lifting to reveal glossy skin.

Body Weight. All animals showed expected gains in body weight.

Necropsy. No abnormalities were noted at necropsy.

Conclusion

The acute dermal median lethal dose (LD50) of the test item in the Wistar strain rat was found to be greater than 2000 mg/kg body weight.

The test item does not meet the criteria for classification according to CLP (1272/2008/EC).