Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
24 February 2010 to 10 March 2010
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: see 'Remark'
Remarks:
Study conducted in compliance with agreed protocols, with no or minor deviations from standard test guidelines and/or minor methodological deficiencies, which do not affect the quality of the relevant results. The study report was conclusive, done to a valid guideline and the study was conducted under GLP conditions.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2010
Report Date:
2010

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.3 (Acute Toxicity (Dermal))
Deviations:
no
Principles of method if other than guideline:
The sequence of dosing may not always follow the Test Guideline as shown in the schematic diagram in attachment 1. It is Company Policy to minimisethe number of animals used on each study in accordance with UK Government Home Office guidelines.
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
Test Animals:
Animals: Rat, HsdRccHan: WIST

Rationale: Recognized by international guidelines as a recommended test system.

Breeder: Harlan Laboratories UK Limited, Bicester, Oxon, UK.

Number of Animals per Group: 5 males and 5 females

Total number of Animals: 5 males and 5 females

Age when treated: At the start of the study the animals weighed at least 200g, and were eight to twelve weeks of age. The weight variation did not exceed ± 20% of the mean weight for each sex.

Identification: After an acclimatisation period of at least five days the animals were selected at random and given a number unique within the study by indelible ink-marking on the tail and a number written on a cage card.

Acclimatization: At least 5 days under laboratory conditions, after health examination. Only animals without any visible signs of illness were used for the study.

Environmental Conditions:
Conditions:
The temperature and relative humidity were within the range of 19 to 21 cC and 45 to 56% respectively. The rate of air exchange was at least fifteen changes per hour and the lighting was controlled by a time switch to give twelve hours continuous light (06:00 to 18:00) and twelve hours darkness.

The animals were provided with environmental enrichment items which were considered not to contain any contaminant of a level that might have affected the purpose or integrity of the study.

Accommodation:
The animals were housed in suspended solid-floor polypropylene cages furnished with woodflakes. The animals were housed individually during the 24-hour exposure period and in groups of five, by sex, for the remainder of the study.

Diet:
Free access food (2014 Teklad Global Rodent diet supplied by Harlan Teklad, Blackthorn, Bicester, Oxon, UK) was allowed throughout the study. The diet was routinely analysed and were considered not to contain any contaminants that could reasonably be expected to affect the purpose or integrity of the study.

Water:
Free access to mains drinking water was allowed throughout the study. The drinking
water was routinely analysed and were considered not to contain any contaminants that could reasonably be expected to affect the purpose or integrity of the study.

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Remarks:
Example:
Details on dermal exposure:

One day before treatment, the backs of the animals were clipped with an electric clipper, exposing an area of approximately 10 % of the total body surface.

Using available information on the toxicity of the test material, a single group of animals was treated as follows:

Dose Level Specific Gravity Dose Volume Number of Rats
(mg/kg) (ml/kg) Male Female
2000 1.070 1.87 5 5

The calculated volume of test material, as received, was applied as evenly as possible to an area of shorn skin (approximately 10% of the total body
surface area) using a graduated syringe. A piece of surgical gauze, approximately 10 cm x 8 cm in size, was placed over the treatment area and semi-occluded with a piece of self adhesive bandage. The animals were caged individually for the 24 hour exposure period. Shortly after dosing the
dressings were examined to ensure that they were securely in place.

After the 24-hour contact period the bandage was carefully removed and the treated skin and surrounding hair wiped with cotton wool moistened
with distilled water to remove any residual test material. The animals were returned to group housing for the remainder of the study period.

The animals were observed for deaths or overt signs of toxicity ½, 1, 2 and 4 hours after dosing and subsequently once daily for fourteen days.


Rationale: Dermal administration was used as this is one possible route of human exposure during manufacture, handling and use of the test item.

Example:
Duration of exposure:
24 hours
Doses:
2000 mg /kg body weight
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5
Control animals:
not required
Details on study design:
After the 24-hour contact period the bandage was carefully removed and the treated skin and surrounding hair wiped with cotton wool moistened
with distilled water to remove any residual test material. The animals were returned to group housing for the remainder of the study period.

The animals were observed for deaths or overt signs of toxicity ½, 1, 2 and 4 hours after dosing and subsequently once daily for fourte The animals were returned to group housing for the remainder of the study period.

After removal of the dressings and subsequently once daily for fourteen days, the test sites were examined for evidence of primary irritation and
scored according to the following scale from Draize J H (1977) "Dermal and Eye Toxicity Tests" In: Principles and Procedures for Evaluating the
Toxicity of Household Substances, National Academy of Sciences, Washington DC p.31:

EVALUATION OF SKIN REACTIONS
Erythema and Eschar Formation Value

No erythema 0
Very slight erythema (barely perceptible) 1
Well-defined erythema 2
Moderate to severe erythema 3
Severe erythema (beef redness) to slight eschar formation (injuries in depth) 4

Oedema Formation

No oedema 0
Very slight oedema (barely perceptible) 1
Slight oedema (edges of area well-defined by definite raising) 2
Moderate oedema (raised approximately 1 millimetre) 3
Severe oedema (raised more than 1 millimetre and extending beyond the area of exposure) 4

Any other skin reactions, if present were also recorded.

Individual bodyweights were recorded prior to application of the test material on Day 0 and on Days 7 and 14.

At the end of the study the animals were killed by cervical dislocation. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy. This consisted of an external
examination and opening of the abdominal and thoracic cavities. The appearance of any macroscopic abnormalities was recorded. No tissues were
retained.

Rationale: Dermal administration was used as this is one possible route of human exposure during manufacture, handling and use of the test item.


Statistics:
No statistical analysis was performed.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
No deaths occurred during the study.


Clinical signs:
No clinical signs were observed during the course of the study.

There were no signs of dermal irritation.
Body weight:
All animals showed expected gains in bodyweight over the study period.
Gross pathology:
No macroscopic findings were recorded at necropsy.
Other findings:
None.

Any other information on results incl. tables

Table 4          Individual Bodyweights and Weekly Bodyweight Changes

Dose Level mg/kg

Animal Number and Sex

Bodyweight (g) at Day

Bodyweight Change (g) During Week

0

7

14

1

2

2000

1-0 Male

256

268

280

12

12

1-1 Male

235

253

276

18

23

1-2 Male

243

268

284

25

16

1-3 Male

239

260

283

21

23

1-4 Male

245

255

279

10

24

2-0 Female

212

222

231

10

9

2-1 Female

208

218

229

10

11

2-2 Female

207

215

230

8

15

2-3 Female

208

216

229

8

13

2-4 Female

209

216

230

7

14

Table 5          Individual Necropsy Findings

Dose Level

mg/kg

Animal Number
and Sex

Time of Death

Macroscopic Observations

2000

1-0

Male

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

1-1

Male

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

1-2

Male

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

1-3

Male

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

1-4

Male

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

2-0

Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

2-1

Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

2-2

Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

2-3

Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

2-4

Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
The acute dermal median lethal dose (LD50) of the test material in the Wistar strain rat was found to be greater than 2000 mg/kg bodyweight.

Executive summary:

SUMMARY & CONCLUSION

Method. A group of ten animals (five males and five females) was given a single, 24-hour, semi-occluded dermal application of the undiluted test material to intact skin at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg bodyweight. Clinical signs and bodyweight development were monitored during the study. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy.

Mortality. There were no deaths.

Clinical Observations. There were no signs of systemic toxicity.

Dermal Irritation. There were no signs of dermal irritation.

Bodyweight. All animals showed expected gains in bodyweight over the study period.

Necropsy. No abnormalities were noted at necropsy.

Conclusion. The acute dermal median lethal dose (LD50) of the test material in the Wistar strain rat was found to be greater than 2000 mg/kg bodyweight.