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Manufacture, use & exposure

Manufacture

Documentsopen allclose all

Manufacture

Referenceopen allclose all

Name:
GENERIC - Silver >= 99.9% Ag in nano form (median particle size <100 nm) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
GENERIC - Silver >= 99.9% Ag in nano form (median particle size <100 nm) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Range of length:
>= 8 - <= 34 nm
Range of specific surface area:
>= 150 - <= 714 other: m²/cm³ (migrated information)
Surface treatment applied:
yes
Surface treatment name:
One or more of the following coatings: various sorts of alcohol, polymers, citrate, cellulose, and other carbohydrates and fatty acids, which do not affect the classification because of their non- or lower hazardous nature/low concentration.
Order:
#1
Surface treatment agent:
GENERIC - Silver >= 99.9% Ag in nano form (median particle size <100 nm) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Name:
GENERIC - Silver < 99,9% Ag in nano form (median particle size <100 nm) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
GENERIC - Silver < 99,9% Ag in nano form (median particle size <100 nm) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Range of length:
>= 8 - <= 34 nm
Range of specific surface area:
>= 150 - <= 714 other: m²/cm³ (migrated information)
Surface treatment applied:
yes
Surface treatment name:
One or more of the following coatings: various sorts of alcohol, polymers, citrate, cellulose, and other carbohydrates and fatty acids, which do not affect the classification because of their non- or lower hazardous nature/low concentration.
Order:
#1
Surface treatment agent:
GENERIC - Silver < 99,9% Ag in nano form (median particle size <100 nm) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of nanosilver
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Wet processes – reduction and precipitation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Wet processes – cleaning and concentration
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of solutions/suspensions, non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of solutions/suspensions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Name of activity / technique:
Classifying and sifting of powders
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning and maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Pattern of exposure:
continuous / frequent

Manufacture

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)

Manufacture

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
GENERIC - Silver < 99,9% Ag in massive form (> 1 mm) with no classified impurities - not classified
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
GENERIC - Silver < 99,9% Ag in massive form (> 1 mm) with no classified impurities - not classified
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature

Manufacture

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Related assessment:
use assessed in an own CSR

Manufacture

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)

Manufacture

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant

Referenceopen allclose all

Name:
GENERIC - Silver < 99,9% Ag in massive form (> 1 mm) with no classified impurities - not classified
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
GENERIC - Silver < 99,9% Ag in massive form (> 1 mm) with no classified impurities - not classified
Name:
GENERIC - Silver < 99,9% Ag in powder form (< 1 mm but which does not fulfil the EU definition of nanomaterial) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
GENERIC - Silver < 99,9% Ag in powder form (< 1 mm but which does not fulfil the EU definition of nanomaterial) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Name:
GENERIC - Silver >= 99,9 % Ag in massive form (> 1 mm) with no classified impurities - not classified
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
GENERIC - Silver >= 99,9 % Ag in massive form (> 1 mm) with no classified impurities - not classified
Name:
GENERIC - Silver >= 99,9 % Ag in powder form (< 1 mm but which does not fulfil the EU definition of nanomaterial) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
GENERIC - Silver >= 99,9 % Ag in powder form (< 1 mm but which does not fulfil the EU definition of nanomaterial) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture, refining and recycling of massive silver metal
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture, refining and recycling of silver powder
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of materials with low dustiness potential
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Hot processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Name of activity / technique:
Wet processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Production and handling of powders
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Classifying and sifting of powders
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of solutions/suspensions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
PROC 15: Use as laboratory reagent
Name of activity / technique:
Granulate or ingot handling
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Name of activity / technique:
Cleaning & maintenance
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Manufacture

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)

Manufacture

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
GENERIC - Nano 34.2 - Silver in nano form (<100 nm) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: nanoform
Reference substance:
GENERIC - Nano 34.2 - Silver in nano form (<100 nm) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Type of information reported:
single nanoform
Name of nanoform:
Nano 34.2
Shape category:
spheroidal
Shape:
spherical
Pure shape:
yes
Shape category:
spheroidal
Percentile:
D10
Range:
>= 10 - <= 25 nm
Percentile:
D25
Typical value:
25 nm
Range:
>= 20 - <= 35 nm
Percentile:
D50
Typical value:
34 nm
Range:
>= 30 - <= 45 nm
Percentile:
D75
Typical value:
48 nm
Range:
>= 45 - <= 65 nm
Percentile:
D90
Range:
>= 45 - < 190 nm
Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
> 80 - <= 100 %
Structure:
crystalline
Name:
crystalline
Pure structure:
yes
Crystal system:
other: cubic
Bravais lattice:
face - centred cubic
Typical volume specific surface area:
150 m²/cm³
Range of volume specific surface area:
>= 90 - <= 210 m²/cm³
Skeletal density:
>= 5 - <= 6 g/cm³
Surface treatment applied:
yes
Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
no
Surface treatment name:
gum rosin
Surface treatment agent:
GENERIC - Nano 34.2 - Silver in nano form (<100 nm) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Description:
Since detailed information on the surface treatment process can be confidential to the individual registrants, more information is provided in the technical dossier section 1.4 provided by the individual registrants.
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Manufacture of nanosilver
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Wet processes – reduction and precipitation
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of wet filtered nano silver
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Name of activity / technique:
Handling of paste containing nano silver
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR but not a lead’s own use

Manufacture

Referenceopen allclose all

Name:
GENERIC - Silver >= 99,9 % Ag in massive form (> 1 mm) with no classified impurities - not classified
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
GENERIC - Silver >= 99,9 % Ag in massive form (> 1 mm) with no classified impurities - not classified
Name:
GENERIC - Silver < 99,9% Ag in massive form (> 1 mm) with no classified impurities - not classified
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
GENERIC - Silver < 99,9% Ag in massive form (> 1 mm) with no classified impurities - not classified
Name:
GENERIC - Silver >= 99,9 % Ag in powder form (< 1 mm but which does not fulfil the EU definition of nanomaterial) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
GENERIC - Silver >= 99,9 % Ag in powder form (< 1 mm but which does not fulfil the EU definition of nanomaterial) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Name:
GENERIC - Silver < 99,9% Ag in powder form (< 1 mm but which does not fulfil the EU definition of nanomaterial) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Type of composition:
boundary composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: particulate/powder
Reference substance:
GENERIC - Silver < 99,9% Ag in powder form (< 1 mm but which does not fulfil the EU definition of nanomaterial) with no classified impurities - classified for environment
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC1: Manufacture of the substance
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 1: Chemical production or refinery in closed process without likelihood of exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
Process category (PROC):
PROC 4: Chemical production where opportunity for exposure arises
Process category (PROC):
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
Process category (PROC):
PROC 9: Transfer of substance or mixture into small containers (dedicated filling line, including weighing)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals
Process category (PROC):
PROC 26: Handling of solid inorganic substances at ambient temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27a: Production of metal powders (hot processes)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 27b: Production of metal powders (wet processes)