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EC number: 215-222-5 | CAS number: 1314-13-2
Groups of 20 male and 20 female Sprague-Dawley rats were fed zinc monoglycerolate at dietary levels of 0, 0.05 or 0.2% (equal to 0, 31.52 or 127.52 mg/kg for males and 0, 35.78 or 145.91 mg/kg bw for females, respectively) for a period of 13 weeks in a study performed according to OECD 408. A similar group was fed 1% (equal to 719 and 805 mg/kg bw/day for males and females, respectively) of zinc monoglycerolate up to day 58 of the study when a deterioration in their clinical condition (poor physical health and reduced food intake) necessitated reducing the dietary level to 0.5% (equal to 632 and 759 mg/kg bw/day for males and females, respectively). However, as no improvement occurred these rats were killed on humane grounds on day 64 of the study. These rats developed hypocupremia manifested as a hypochromic microcytic regenerative type anaemia (low haemoglobin and haematocrit, decreased MCV and MCH, and increased MCHC, red blood cell and reticulocyte count). Enlargement of the mesenteric lymph nodes and slight pitting of the surface of the kidneys were noted. Severe pancreatic degeneration and pathological changes in the spleen, kidneys, incisors, eyes and bones were observed. The testes of all males showed hypoplasia of the seminiferous tubules to a varying degree and in addition the prostate and seminal vesicles showed hypoplasia. In all but one female the uterus was hypoplastic.
All other rats survived to the end of the 13 weeks treatment. At a dietary level of 0.2% increases in plasma ALAT, alkaline phosphatase and creatine kinase were observed in males and in plasma creatine kinase in females. Total plasma cholesterol was reduced in both males and females. The changes were statistically significant but small in absolute terms. No changes in haematological parameters were seen at 0.05 and 0.2%. A dose related reduction in the quantity of abdominal fat was noted in male rats at 0.05 and 0.2%. Enlargement of the mesenteric lymph nodes was apparent in 6 out of 20 rats fed 0.2% and in one male fed 0.05%. Microscopic examination showed a reduction in the number of trabeculae in the metaphysis of the tibia of 5 male and 3 female rats fed 0.2%, 4 males and 1 female had a similar reduction in the metaphysis of the femur. Pancreatic cell necrosis was seen in both sexes at 0.2% and a slight, but statistically not significant increase could be noted at 0.05% (3 males and 1 female). This pancreatic cell necrosis was seen also in 1 control male. A reduction in the number of pigmentated macrophages in the red pulp of the spleen was observed in both sexes at 0.2% and a marginal reduction was also seen in males at 0.05%. In the animals given 0.05 and 0.2% no effects were found on the reproductive organs.
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