Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

skin: rabbit, not irritating 
eye: rabbit, not irritating

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
13 Apr - 30 Apr 2010
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP guideline study
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
adopted in 2002
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Harlan, Belton, Leics, England
- Age at study initiation: 7-14 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 1602 - 2455 g
- Housing: Animals were individually housed in labelled cages with perforated floors (Ebeco, Germany, dimensions 67 x 62 x 55 cm) and shelters (Ebeco, Germany, dimensions 40 x 32 x 23 cm).
- Diet: Pelleted, Global Diet 2030 (Harlan Teklad®, Mucedola, Milanese, Italy), approximately 100 grams per day. Hay (TecniLab-BMI BV, Someren, The Netherlands) was provided at least three times a week.
- Water: tap water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 21.0 ± 3.0 (actual range: 18.6 – 19.3)
- Humidity (%): 40-70 (actual range: 43 - 73)
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12
Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Preparation of test site:
clipped
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: untreated sites of the same animal served as control
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.5 mL
- Concentration (if solution): 100%
Duration of treatment / exposure:
4 h
Observation period:
72 h
Reading time points: 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after the removal of the dressings and test substance.
Number of animals:
3 males
Details on study design:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: 6 cm² on the dorsal area of the skin
- Type of wrap if used: metalline patch of 2x3 cm mounted on Micropore tape, which was wrapped around the abdomen and secured with Coban elastic bandage (Lohmann GmbH, Neuwied, Germany (Metalline) and 3M, St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A. (Micropore and Coban))

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing: dressing was removed and the skin cleaned of residual test substance using tap water and watery ethanol (50% v/v) (water: Elix, Millipore S.A.S., Molsheim, France; ethanol: Merck, Darmstadt, Germany)
- Time after start of exposure: 4h

SCORING SYSTEM: Draize scoring system
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
of all 3 animals
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Remarks on result:
other: Edema (score = 1) were seen in all animals 1 h after exposure only.
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Four hours exposure to 0.5 mL of Fatty acids, C18-unsaturated, dimers, 2-ethylhexyl esters resulted in very slight erythema (fully reversible within 48 h) and very slight edema (fully reversible within 24 h) in the treated skin areas of the three rabbits. The skin irritation resolved within 48 hours after exposure in all animals. There was no evidence of a corrosive effect on the skin.




Other effects:
Sticky remnants of the test substance were present on the skin immediately after removal of the test substance and dry remnants of the test substance were present at the 1 hour observation time point. No staining of the treated skin by the test substance was observed. No symptoms of systemic toxicity were observed in the animals during the test period and no mortality occurred.
Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
CLP: not classified
DSD: not classified
Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Eye irritation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
19 Apr - 29 Apr 2010
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP guideline study
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
adopted in 2002
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Harlan, Belton, Leics, England
- Age at study initiation: 7-9 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 1572-1809 g
- Housing: animals were individually housed in labelled cages with perforated floors (Ebeco, Germany, dimensions 67 x 62 x 55 cm) and shelters (Ebeco, Germany, dimensions 40 x 32 x 23 cm)
- Diet: pelleted, Global Diet 2030 (Harlan Teklad®, Mucedola, Milanese, Italy), approximately 100 grams per day. Hay (TecniLab-BMI BV, Someren, The Netherlands) was provided at least three times a week
- Water: tap water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 21.0 ± 3.0 (actual range: 18.6 – 19.3)
- Humidity (%): 40-70 (actual range: 43 - 67)
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
other: the untreated eye served as control
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.1 mL


Duration of treatment / exposure:
24h
Observation period (in vivo):
72 h
Reading time points: 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after instillation of the test substance
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 (males)
Details on study design:
SCORING SYSTEM: Draize scoring system

TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: 2% fluorescein (Merck, Darmstadt, Germany) in water (adjusted to pH 7.0)
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
of 3 animals
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
of 3 animals
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0.3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0.3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0.3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 h
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
of 3 animals
Time point:
other: mean over 24, 48 and 72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
other: reversibility: not applicable
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Instillation of 0.1 mL of Fatty acids, C18-unsaturated, dimers, 2-ethylhexyl esters into one eye of each of three rabbits resulted in irritation of the conjunctivae, which consisted of redness and discharge. The irritation completely resolved within 48 hours in all animals.
No iridial irritation or corneal opacity was observed, and treatment of the eyes with 2% fluorescein 24 hours after test substance instillation revealed no corneal epithelial damage. There was no evidence of ocular corrosion.

Other effects:
Remnants of the test substance were present on the outside of the eyelids on Day 1. No staining of (peri) ocular tissues by the test substance was observed. No symptoms of systemic toxicity were observed in the animals during the test period and no mortality occurred.

Interpretation of results:
not irritating
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
CLP: not classified
DSD: not classified
Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Respiratory irritation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

A skin irritation study according to the OECD guideline 404 was performed with 3 New Zealand White rabbits (Stitzinger, 2010). The animals were treated with 0.5 mL of the undiluted test substance for 4 hours under semi-occlusive conditions. The skin reactions were assessed at approximately 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after the removal of the dressings and test substance. Four hours exposure resulted in very slight erythema and very slight oedema in the treated skin areas of the three rabbits. The skin irritation resolved within 48 hours after exposure in all animals. There was no evidence of a corrosive effect on the skin. Sticky remnants of the test substance were present on the skin immediately after removal of the test substance and dry remnants of the test substance were present on Day 1 at the 1 hour observation time point. No staining of the treated skin by the test substance was observed. No symptoms of systemic toxicity were observed in the animals during the test period and no mortality occurred.

An eye irritation study according to the OECD guideline 405 was performed with 3 New Zealand White rabbits (Stitzinger, 2010). 0.1 mL of the undiluted test substance was instilled in eyes of the animals and the eyes of each animal were examined approximately 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after instillation. Observations revealed irritation of the conjunctivae, which consisted of redness and discharge. The irritation completely resolved within 48 hours in all animals. No iridial irritation or corneal opacity was observed, and treatment of the eyes with 2% fluorescein 24 hours after test substance instillation revealed no corneal epithelial damage. There was no evidence of ocular corrosion. Remnants of the test substance were present on the outside of the eyelids on Day 1. No staining of (peri) ocular tissues by the test substance was observed. No symptoms of systemic toxicity were observed in the animals during the test period and no mortality occurred.

  


Justification for selection of skin irritation / corrosion endpoint:
There is only one study available.

Justification for selection of eye irritation endpoint:
There is only one study available.

Justification for classification or non-classification

According to DSD (67/548/EEC) or CLP (1272/2008/EC) classification criteria for irritation/corrosion, fatty acids, C18-unsatd., dimers, 2-ethylhexyl esters have not to be classified.