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Diss Factsheets

Identification

Chemical structure
Display Name:
Carbon black
EC Number:
215-609-9
EC Name:
Carbon black
CAS Number:
1333-86-4
Molecular formula:
C
IUPAC Name:
carbon

Type of Substance

Composition:
mono-constituent substance
Origin:
inorganic

Substance Identifiers open all close all

  • carbon black
  • 215-609-9
  • 215-609-9
  • 1333-86-4
  • CB
  • Fine Thermal
  • MFT
  • Carbon - Industrial Rubber Grades
  • Carbon Black - Specialty Engineered Carbon Black
  • 1099
  • Addipast
  • Arosperse
  • Black Pearls
  • Bleumina
  • CARBON BLACK
  • CD
  • CI 77266
  • CI Pigment Black 6
  • CI Pigment Black 7
  • CK3
  • CONTINENTAL CARBON
  • CONTINEX
  • Carbocolor ®
  • Carbocolor ® Powder
  • Carbofin
  • Carbon Black
  • Carbon Black BV and V
  • Carbon Black-Grade N-326
  • Carbon black
  • Chezacarb
  • Conductex®
  • Copeblack®
  • Corax
  • DENKA BLACK
  • DIABLACK
  • Diamond Carbon Blacks
  • Durex
  • EB
  • Ecorax
  • Farbruss
  • Farbruss, Colour Black
  • Farbruss; colour black
  • Flammruss
  • Flammruss, Colour Black
  • Flammruss; colour black
  • Flammruss; panther
  • Flammruß
  • Furnex®
  • Gas Black
  • HIBlack
  • HiBlack
  • IRB #8
  • Lamp Black
  • MAP01004
  • MITSUBISHI CARBON BLACK
  • MPC Channel black
  • Monarch
  • N 772
  • N-110
  • N550
  • NEGROVEN
  • Neotex®
  • Nerox
  • Nipex
  • NuTone
  • Orient Black
  • P 803
  • P 805 S
  • PM
  • PUREBLACK®
  • Panther
  • Printex
  • Purex
  • Raven
  • Raven®
  • Royale Black
  • SEAST
  • Special Black
  • Statex®
  • TOKABLACK
  • Thermax ®
  • Thermax ® Powder
  • Thermax ® Powder Ultra Pure
  • Thermax ® Stainless
  • Thermax ® Stainless Powder
  • Thermax ® Stainless Powder Ultra Pure
  • Thermax ® Ultra Pure
  • Ultra®
  • XPB
  • XT
  • butyl reclaimed rubber
  • carbon black
  • panther
  • rubber powder
  • sadza techniczna
  • tire reclaimed rubber
  • tread tire reclaim
  • whole tire reclaim
  • N-110, N-120, N-220, N-234, N-326, N-330, LH30, N-339, N-351, N-550, N-600, N-650, N-660, N-683, N-762, N-774
    (Carbon black grades)
    N110, N115, N220, N234, N299, N326, N330, N339, N550, N650, N660, N762, N772, N774
    (Carbon black grades)

    Compositions

    Boundary Composition(s) open all close all

    State Form:
    solid: particulate/powder


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    No surface treatment
    Cross-referenceopen allclose all
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 6 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 101 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 21 - < 188 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon black is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, these never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    ca. 18 - ca. 1 200 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Surface treated
    Cross-referenceopen allclose all
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 3 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 87 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 15 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Post-production, some nanoforms of the set carbon black (solid: nanoform, no surface treatment) are subjected to oxidative after-treatment. The treatment augments the level of already present acidic and polar oxides on the surface of carbon black. These functional groups render these forms more hydrophilic in comparison to the corresponding virgin non-oxidized form; meaning that the carbon black particles becomes better dispersible and wettable in polar solutions but are still completely insoluble. Surface treatment does not affect the morphological features i.e. primary particles, aggregates, and agglomerates of carbon black.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    ca. 35 - ca. 600 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    yes
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, no surface treatment)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 6 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 101 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 21 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon black is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, these never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 21 - < 1 200 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, surface treated)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 3 - < 43 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 87 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 15 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon balck is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, they never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.

    Post-production, some carbon blacks are subjected to oxidative after-treatment. The treatment augments the level of already present acidic and polar oxides on the surface of carbon black (Carboxyl, Phenol, Lactol, Ouinone, Ketone, Anhydrid, Lactone). These functional groups renders these forms more hydrophilic in comparison to the corresponding virgin non-oxidized form; meaning that the carbon black particles becomes better dispersible and wettable in polar solutions but are still completely insoluble. Surface treatment does not affect the morphological features i.e. primary particles, aggregates, and agglomerates of carbon black.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 35 - < 600 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    yes
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    Surface treatmentsopen allclose all
    Surface treatment name:
    Oxidisation with N2O4 (NOx)
    Surface treatment
    Order:
    #1
    External layer:
    hydrophobic
    Description:
    - Main features of the surface treatment/functionalisation process: Carried out in fluidized bed reactors. This is a two step process. Carbon black is oxidized with nitrogen oxide/air mixture. In the second step, NO2 absorbed on the surface of the carbon black is desorbed by treatment with hot air.

    - the type of process/reaction: oxidization

    - relevant ranges of process parameters such as reaction conditions (pH, temperature): between 200 -300°C

    - any purification step: no

    - Functionalities introduced by the treatment: Carboxylic, hydroxylic, lactonic, quinonic, basic oxides

    Following the oxidisation procedure, the carbon black particles are subjected to a treatment with hot air; hot air (@ ca. 300°C) is blown for several hours through the layer of carbon black. This step removes any remnants of treatment agent that may have been trapped within the layers of carbon black during oxidation.
    Percentage of coverage of particle surface, %:
    > 75
    Surface treatment name:
    Oxidisation with Nitric acid
    Surface treatment
    Order:
    #1
    External layer:
    hydrophobic
    Description:
    - Main features of the surface treatment/functionalisation process: Nitric acid is added to pelletizing water. The carbon black is oxidized at elevated temperatures during drying. A second method is oxidization in a tubular kiln

    - the type of process/reaction: oxidization

    - relevant ranges of process parameters such as reaction conditions (pH, temperature): elevated temperature

    - any purification step: no

    - Functionalities introduced by the treatment: Carboxylic, hydroxylic, lactonic, quinonic, basic oxides

    Following the oxidisation procedure, the carbon black particles are subjected to a treatment with hot air; hot air (@ ca. 300°C) is blown for several hours through the layer of carbon black. This step removes any remnants of treatment agent that may have been trapped within the layers of carbon black during oxidation.
    Percentage of coverage of particle surface, %:
    > 75
    Surface treatment name:
    Oxidisation with ozone
    Surface treatment
    Order:
    #1
    External layer:
    hydrophobic
    Description:
    The main post-production treatment of carbon black is oxidative after-treatment. The surface of carbon black is oxidized by placing it in contact with an oxidant (such as nitric acid, nitrogen oxides, ozone, etc.) that may be in gas or liquid form. Following oxidative treatment, the surface of carbon black experiences a pH shift towards more acidity due the augmentation of acidic and polar oxides on the surface of carbon black. This makes the oxidized form more hydrophilic in comparison to virgin non-oxidized form; meaning that the carbon black particles becomes more dispersible in water but are still completely insoluble. It is important to note that untreated and oxidised forms of carbon black exhibit the same types of functional groups on their surface; albeit levels may be increased several folds following oxidization.

    - Main features of the surface treatment/functionalisation process:
    Carried out at room temperature by passing a gas produced in an ozonizer through a layer of carbon black. Ozidization occurs in fluidized bed reactors, or stirred stationary bed reactors in which the carbon black is continuously kept in motion

    - the type of process/reaction: oxidization

    - relevant ranges of process parameters such as reaction conditions (pH, temperature):
    room temperature

    - any purification step:
    no

    - Functionalities introduced by the treatment: Carboxylic, hydroxylic, lactonic, quinonic, basic oxides

    Following the oxidisation procedure, the carbon black particles are subjected to a treatment with hot air; hot air (@ ca. 300°C) is blown for several hours through the layer of carbon black. This step removes any remnants of treatment agent or free radicals that may have been trapped within the layers of carbon black during oxidation. Further, O3 is very unstable and decomposes rapidly to O2
    Percentage of coverage of particle surface, %:
    > 75
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, surface treated)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 3 - < 43 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 87 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 15 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon balck is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, they never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.

    Post-production, some carbon blacks are subjected to oxidative after-treatment. The treatment augments the level of already present acidic and polar oxides on the surface of carbon black (Carboxyl, Phenol, Lactol, Ouinone, Ketone, Anhydrid, Lactone). These functional groups renders these forms more hydrophilic in comparison to the corresponding virgin non-oxidized form; meaning that the carbon black particles becomes better dispersible and wettable in polar solutions but are still completely insoluble. Surface treatment does not affect the morphological features i.e. primary particles, aggregates, and agglomerates of carbon black.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 35 - < 600 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    yes
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, no surface treatment)
    Cross-reference
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 6 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 101 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 21 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon black is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, these never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    ca. 18 - ca. 1 200 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, surface-treated)
    Cross-reference
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 3 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 87 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 15 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Post-production, some nanoforms of the set carbon black (solid: nanoform, no surface treatment) are subjected to oxidative after-treatment. The treatment augments the level of already present acidic and polar oxides on the surface of carbon black. These functional groups render these forms more hydrophilic in comparison to the corresponding virgin non-oxidized form; meaning that the carbon black particles becomes better dispersible and wettable in polar solutions but are still completely insoluble. Surface treatment does not affect the morphological features i.e. primary particles, aggregates, and agglomerates of carbon black.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    ca. 35 - ca. 600 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    yes
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, surface treated)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    >= 7 - <= 11 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    >= 10 - <= 15 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    >= 15 - <= 20 nm
    Additional information:
    These particle size distributions are for the constituent (primary) particles of the base carbon black prior to chemical treatment. Once the carbon black is treated and in dispersion form (which is the case for all but one of the chemically treated forms), it is not possible to get measurements of the constituent (primary) particles.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    > 50 - < 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 200 - <= 300 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    yes
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, no surface treatment)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 6 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 101 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 21 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon black is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, these never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 21 - < 1 200 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, no surface treatment)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 6 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 101 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 21 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon black is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, these never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 21 - < 1 200 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, no surface treatment)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 6 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 101 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 21 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon black is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, these never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    ca. 18 - ca. 1 200 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, surface-treated)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 3 - < 43 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 87 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 15 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon balck is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, they never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.

    Post-production, some carbon blacks are subjected to oxidative after-treatment. The treatment augments the level of already present acidic and polar oxides on the surface of carbon black (Carboxyl, Phenol, Lactol, Ouinone, Ketone, Anhydrid, Lactone). These functional groups renders these forms more hydrophilic in comparison to the corresponding virgin non-oxidized form; meaning that the carbon black particles becomes better dispersible and wettable in polar solutions but are still completely insoluble. Surface treatment does not affect the morphological features i.e. primary particles, aggregates, and agglomerates of carbon black.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 35 - < 600 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    yes
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, surface treated)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 6 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 101 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 21 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon black is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, these never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 21 - < 1 200 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Agregation of nanoform
    Cross-reference
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    >= 95 - <= 100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 6 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 101 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 21 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon black is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, these never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    >= 99.9 - <= 100 %

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 21 - < 1 200 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    other: solid: nanostructured material


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Legal Entity Composition(s) open all close all

    State Form:
    solid: particulate/powder


    Constituent 1