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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

Product-Specific hazards and other issues :

- Severe irritant to mucous membranes and skin, can be corrosive to mucus membranes,

 gastrointestinal mucosa, skin and eyes. Can cause severe eye defects .

- Systemic poisoning with effects on liver, kidneys, heart, intestines, CNS and blood are possible.

General advice :

- Always observe self protection methods.

- Move out of dangerous area.

- Remove contaminated shoes and clothing.

- Get medical attention immediately.

- Show this material safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

Inhalation :

- Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

- Do not leave the victim unattended.

- Keep patient warm and at rest.

- Immediately seek medical attention.

- If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.

- If unconscious place in recovery position and seek medical advice.

- In the event of unconsciousness, apnea or cardiac arrest (no Pulse) apply cardiopulmonary


- Do not use mouth to mouth or mouth to nose method of resuscitation, as cross contamination or

 exposure can occur to the rescuer

Skin contact :

- Immediately flush affected area with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes while

 removing contaminated clothing and shoe.

- Get medical attention immediately.

Eye contact :

- Immediately flush eyes with water thoroughly and continuously for 15 minutes.

- Immediately get medical attention and provide for further treatment by an ophthalmologist due to

 possible caustic burn of the eyes. Do not stop rinsing the eyes while taking patient to hospital.

Ingestion :

- Get medical attention immediately.

- Clean mouth with water and drink afterwards plenty of water.

- Do NOT induce vomiting.

- Do not give milk or alcoholic beverages.

- Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.

- If vomiting does occur, have victim lean forward to reduce risk of aspiration.

- Do not leave the victim unattended.

- Keep patient warm and at rest.

- If unconscious place in recovery position and seek medical advice.

- In the event of unconsciousness, apnea or cardiac arrest (no Pulse) apply cardiopulmonary

 resuscitation. Do not use mouth to mouth or mouth to nose method of resuscitation, as cross  

 contamination or exposure can occur to the rescuer.

Advice to Physician

- Treat symptomatically.  Treatment of overexposure should be directed at the control of

 symptoms and the clinical condition of the patient.  

- Can cause burns to mucus membranes, gastrointestinal mucosa, skin and eyes.

- Ocular exposures may result in corneal ulcers and temporary vision loss.  Eye irritation may be

 accompanied by complaints of photophobia and pain in the eyeball; pain may not begin until 6 hr

 after exposure.

- Dermal exposure produces very little direct skin irritation or burn but produces delayed onset

 localized aching and vesiculation..

- If inhalation occurs signs and symptoms may include coughing, choking, wheezing, difficulty in

 breathing, chest congestion, shortness of breath and/or fever. The onset of respiratory

 symptoms may be delayed. Can cause pulmonary edema.

- In case of ingestion the stomach should be emptied by gastric lavage under qualified medical


- Vapors (inhalation), skin absorption and ingestion can  easily  and quickly cause systemic

 effects. Systemic poisoning with cardiovascular insufficiency, gastrointestinal symptoms, shock,

 coma, seizures, disturbance of liver and kidney function is possible.

- Therefore the patient always should be hospitalized.

Fire-fighting measures

Suitable extinguishing media :

- SMALL FIRE: Use dry chemicals, CO2, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam  

- LARGE FIRE: Use water spray, water fog or alcohol-resistant foam  

Unsuitable Extinguishing Media  :

- Do not use solid water stream.  

Specific hazards during fire fighting :

- On exposure to high temperature, may decompose, releasing toxic/flammable vapors.  

- Fine sprays/mists may be combustible at temperatures below normal flash point.  

- When mixed with air and exposed to ignition source, vapors can burn in open or explode if  


- Vapors may be heavier than air.  

- May travel long distances along the ground before igniting and flashing back to vapor source.  

- Poisonous gas(es) may be generated without warning on release from confinement/high

 temperature decomposition or rupture of closed containers/water contact, all of which will greatly

 increase hazards of  firefighting.  

- Move containers from fire area if you can do it without risk.  Dike fire control water for later

 disposal; do not scatter material.  

- Fight fire from maximum distance or use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles.  

- Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.  

- Withdraw immediately in case of rising sound from venting safety devices or discoloration of


- Always stay away from tanks engulfed in fire.  

- For massive fire, use unmanned hose holders or monitor nozzles; if this is impossible, withdraw

 from area and let fire burn.  

Further information :

- Use water spray to cool unopened containers.

- Collect contaminated fire extinguishing water separately. This must not be discharged into


- Fire residues and contaminated fire extinguishing water must be disposed of in accordance with

 local regulations.

Special protective equipment for fire-fighters :

- Wear positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).

- Structural firefighters protective clothing will only provide limited protection.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions :

- Use personal protective equipment

- Ensure adequate ventilation.

Environmental precautions :

- Very toxic to aquatic organisms.

- An environmental hazard cannot be excluded in the event of unprofessional handling or


Methods for cleaning up :

- Eliminate all sources of ignition.  

- All equipment used when handling this product must be grounded.  Do not touch or walk

 through spilled material.  

- Stop leak if you can do it without risk.  

- Prevent entry into waterways, sewers, basements or confined areas.  A vapor suppressing foam

 may be used to reduce vapors.  

- Absorb or cover with dry earth, sand or other non-combustible material and transfer to


- Use clean non-sparking tools to collect absorbed material.  

- Dike large spills and place materials in salvage containers.

- Water spray may reduce vapor; but may not prevent ignition in closed spaces.  .

Handling and storage


- Handling of allyl alcohol should be done under nitrogen at all times

Advice on safe handling :

- Avoid contact when handling this substance.

- Provide sufficient air exchange and/or exhaust in work rooms.  

- Do not leave container open.

- Label containers clearly.

- Handle empty containers with care; vapors/residue may be flammable.

- Dispose of rinse water in accordance with local and national regulations.    

- Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.

- All hazard precautions also apply to empty containers.

Advice on protection against fire and explosion :

- Keep away from heat/sparks/ open flames/ hot surfaces .

- Not smoking

- Take precautionary measures against static discharge.


Requirements for storage areas and containers :

- Store only in tightly closed, properly vented containers away from heat, sparks, open flame and

 strong oxidizing agents.

- Vapor space above stored liquid may be flammable/explosive unless blanketed with inert gas.  

- Keep in properly labeled container

- Open and handle container with care.

Advice on common storage:

- Stainless steel tank.

Further information on storage conditions :

- Outside storage tanks should be diked to contain potential spills.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
UN-Number : 1098
Shippingopen allclose all
Labels : 6.1 (3)
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
UN-Number : 1098
Shippingopen allclose all
Labels : 6.1 (3)
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
UN-Number : 1098
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Description of the goods : Allyl Alcohol
Chemical name:
Allyl Alcohol
Labels : 6.1 (3)
Marine pollutant
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

Shippingopen allclose all
Special provisions / remarks
This way of transportation is not supported by Lyondell Basell Industries.
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

Engineering measures :

- Provide adequate ventilation. Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation, or other


- Electrical equipment should be grounded and conform to applicable electrical code.

Personal protective equipment

Respiratory protection :

- In case of dusts/vapours/aerosols being formed or if the limit values like TLV are exceeded.

- Wear a respirator conforming to EN 140 with type A filter or better.  

Hand protection :

- Chemical-resistant protective gloves (EN 374).

- The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the standard EN 374 derived from it.

- Glove material for example, Butyl rubber (Butyl) gloves; Material thickness 0.5 mm, Break

  through time  >= 480 min.   Source: GESTIS substance database (hazardous substance

  information system of commercial professional associations)

- Suitability for specific workplaces should be clarified with protective glove manufacturers.

- Gloves should be discarded and replaced if there is any indication of degradation or chemical


Eye protection :

- Eye protection such as chemical splash goggles and/or face shield must be worn when

 possibility exists for eye contact due to splashing or spraying liquid, airborne particles, or vapor.

Skin and body protection :

- Choose body protection according to the amount and concentration of the dangerous substance

 at the work place.

- Use PPE that is chemical resistant to the product and prevents skin contact.

- Fire retardant clothing is appropriate for routine occupational use.

Hygiene measures :

- Selection of appropriate personal protective equipment should be based on an evaluation of the

 performance characteristics of the protective equipment relative to the task(s) to be performed,

 conditions present, duration of use, and the hazards and/or potential hazards that may be

 encountered during use.

- Emergency eye wash fountains and safety showers should be available in the immediate vicinity

 of any potential exposure.

- Use good personal hygiene practices.

- Wash hands before eating, drinking, smoking, using toilet facilities, breaks and at the end of


Stability and reactivity

Conditions to avoid :

- Heat, flames, sparks and static electricity.

Materials to avoid :

- Strong acids.  Strong oxidizing agents. Bases. Carbon tetrachloride, oleum, diallyl phosphate,

 potassium chloride, tri-bromolemine. Metal alkyls   Reacts violently with oxidizing substances.  

Thermal decomposition :

- Thermal decomposition may produce oxides of carbon and other toxic gases and liberate heat

 and pressure.  

Hazardous reactions :

- Vapors may form explosive mixture with air.

- Note: This material is stable when properly handled and stored.

Disposal considerations

Product :

- Contaminated product, soil, water, container residues and spill cleanup materials containing allyl

 alcohol are hazardous wastes.  

- Containers or inner liners removed from a container holding this product are also considered

 hazardous wastes.

- In addition to its acute toxicity, allyl alcohol is also an extremely flammable material.

- Proper grounding procedures to avoid static electricity should be followed.  

- Dispose of as hazardous waste in compliance with local and national regulations.

- The product should not be allowed to enter drains, water courses or the soil.

- Do not contaminate ponds, waterways or ditches with chemical or used container.