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Diss Factsheets

Toxicological information


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Administrative data

neurotoxicity, other
acute experiment in ganglion of mollusk
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
other information
Study period:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: no GLP, no guideline followed, but well documented

Data source

Reference Type:
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guideline
no guideline available
Principles of method if other than guideline:
The effects of SnCl_2 and Sn8CH_3)_2 on the acetylcholine-activated currents were studied in identified neurons of the pulmonate mollusk Lymnaea stagnalis, using a two microelectrode membrane patential clamping method and intracellular dialysis in conditions of fixed potential and ion concentrations. Adult animals were colleceted in Lake Kish-Balaton and kept in aquarium at a temperature of 20-22°C. Experiments were conducted either on neurons in whole gaglion preperations or after isolation of induvidula nerve cells. Ganglia were prepared and identified neurons were isolated. Experiments using the two micro-electrode membrane potential clamping technique, dissected ganglia were incubated in physiological saline containing 0.1% protease for 5 min at room temperature. Connective tissue was then removed and ganglia were washed in physiological saline and stored in the refigerator at 4°C for 1 -2 h.
Experiments were performed using identified neurons RPcD1, VV12, VDC and RPaD1. Standard solution contained 44mM NaCl, 1.7 mM KCl, 4 mM CaCl_2, 10 mM HEPES, pH 7.4. Solution for intracellular dialysis consists of 43.5 mM KOH, 20 mM KCl, 10 mM EGTA, 2.5 mM HEPES, pH 7.3. This membrane potential clamping method used a Dagan 8500 amplifier and an Axopatch-1D amplifier. Two independent mircolecetrodes filled with 2.5 M potassium acetate and 25 mM KCl were insered in neurons. Potential steps and data analyis were carried out using an A/D-D/A concerter card and a standalone program. Chemical compounds were obtained from Sigma and Reanal. All experiments were conduceted at room temperature (20-22°C). Acetylcholine was applied by mircoperfusion or by replacing the whole solution for 12-16 sec with intervals 4-5 m in.
GLP compliance:
Limit test:

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Tin dichloride
EC Number:
EC Name:
Tin dichloride
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:
Tin dichloride
Test material form:
solid - liquid: suspension
Details on test material:

Test animals

other: mollusk
other: Lymnaea stagnalis
not specified

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
other: not relevant, see method
other: not relevant, see method
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
not specified
Frequency of treatment:
see method
Doses / concentrations
see method
No. of animals per sex per dose:
see method
Control animals:
Details on study design:
see method description above

Results and discussion

Effect levels

Dose descriptor:
other: inhibition of sodium channels
Effect level:
25 other: µM
Based on:
test mat.
not specified
Remarks on result:

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Sn+2 inhibits reversible the sodiom channels in ganglion
Executive summary:

In isolated single neurone or in whole ganglia preparation, SnCl2 caused a decrease in the acetylcholine-induced inward current in a dose-dependent way. Threshold concentration was 0.1 mkM and saturated at 5 mkM SnCl2. After 10-min. pre-treatment with SnCl2 the effect was more obvious (by 20%) than after 3-min pre-treatment. Sn(CH3)2 decreased the amplitude of Ach-induced current similarly to the inorganic Sn. The effect of Sn(CH3)2 was irreversible. The findings support earlier data that the agonist-activated channels are important targets for toxic metals. Direct action upon neuronal membrane seems to be an important event in modulation of synaptic transmission.