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Toxicological information

Genetic toxicity: in vitro

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP gideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2010
Report date:
2010

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Constituent 1
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Fixapret CP konz., PBG = 10073662, after Concentration
- Analytical purity: 93.4 %
- Lot/batch No.: 000335MCA0

Method

Species / strainopen allclose all
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Species / strain / cell type:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
S9-Mix prepared from sprague Dawlay rat livers after Aroclor 1254 activation.
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
0; 22; 110; 550; 2750; 5500 µg/plate (Standard plate test with and without S9 mix)
0; 343.8; 687.5; 1375; 2750; 5500 µg/plate (Preincubation test)
Vehicle / solvent:
- Vehicle(s)/solvent(s) used: water
- Justification for choice of solvent/vehicle: good solubility
Controls
Untreated negative controls:
yes
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
other: see details
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
Standard plate test
Test tubes containing 2 ml portions of saft agar kept in a water bath at 45°C, and the remaining companents are added in the following order:
0.1 ml test solution or vehicle
0.1 ml bacterial suspension
0.5 ml S-9 mix (in tests with metabolic activatian) or
0.5 ml phosphate buffer (in tests without metabalic activatian)
After mixing, the samples are poured onto Vogel-Bonner agar plates. After incubation at 37°C for 48 -72 hours in the dark, the bacterial calonies (his+ revertants) are counted.


Preincubation test
0.1 ml test solution or vehicle, 0.1 ml bacterial Suspension and 0.5 ml S-9 mix are incubated at 37°C for the duration of 20 minutes. Subsequently, 2 ml of soft agar is added and, after mixing, the samples are poured onto the agar plates within approx.30 seconds.


Both Tests
In each experiment 3 Test plates per dose per control used. After incubation at 37°C for 48 -72 hours in the dark, the bacterial colonies (his+ revertants) are counted.

Posivite Control:
with S-9 mix: 2.5 µg 2-aminoanthracene (2-AA)(dissolved in DMSO) for the strains TA 100, TA 98, TA 1537and TA 1535
60 µg 2-aminoanthracene (2-AA)(dissolvecl in DMSO) for the strain E. coli WP2 uvrA
without S-9 mix: 5 µg N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitroso-guanidine (MNNG) (dissolved in DMSO) for the strains TA 100 and TA 1535
10 µg 4-nitro-o-phenylendiamine (NOPD) (dissolved in DMSO) for the strain TA 98
100 µg 9-aminoacridine (AAC) chloride monohydrate (dissolved in DMSO) for the strain TA 1537
10 µg N-ethyl-N'-nitro-N-nitroso-guanidin (ENNG) (dissolved in DMSO) for the strain E. coli WP2 uvrA

The Titer was determined and in regularly measurements the strain characteristics were checked. Sterility control performed.

Results and discussion

Test resultsopen allclose all
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.

Any other information on results incl. tables

SOLUBITITY:

No precipitation on the test item was found.

TOXICITY:

A weak bacteriotoxic effect was occasionally observed depending on the strain and test conditions at 5500 µg/plate.

MUTAGENICITY

A relevant increase in the number of his+ or trp+ revertants was not observed in the standard plate test or in the preincubation test either without S9 mix or after the addition of a metabolizing system.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

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