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Toxicological information

Repeated dose toxicity: oral

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
sub-chronic toxicity: oral
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
not stated
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study reasonably well documented, meets generally accepted scientific principles, acceptable for assessment of the limited parameters assessed. The study is read across from 1-hexanol.
Cross-reference
Reason / purpose:
reference to same study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1966
Report Date:
1966

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
no guideline followed
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Rats treated via the diet for 90 days with limited evaluation
GLP compliance:
no
Limit test:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Alfol 6 (tradename)
- Substance type: colourless liquid with "viscosity of fine household oil"
- Physical state: liquid
- Analytical purity: no data
- Impurities (identity and concentrations): no data
- Composition of test material, percentage of components: no data
- Isomers composition: no data
- Purity test date: no data
- Lot/batch No.: 601-6544 and 601-6545 from Continental Oil Company, USA
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: no data
- Stability under test conditions: no data
- Storage condition of test material: no data
- Other:
- Specific gravity: 0.823

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
other: albino
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River Breeding Laboratories Inc.
- Age at study initiation: no data but "young"
- Weight at study initiation: males 103.6 g, females 90.5 g
- Fasting period before study: no data
- Housing: individually in suspended wire-mesh cages
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Purina Laboratory Chow, ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 1 week

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): no data but "controlled within narrow limits"
- Humidity (%): no data but "controlled within narrow limits"
- Air changes (per hr): no data
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): no data

IN-LIFE DATES: no data

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: feed
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on oral exposure:
DIET PREPARATION
- Rate of preparation of diet (frequency): weekly
- Mixing appropriate amounts with (Type of food): basal laboratory diet (Purina Laboratory Chow)
- Storage temperature of food: no data
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
no
Duration of treatment / exposure:
13 weeks
Frequency of treatment:
continuous in diet
Doses / concentrations
Remarks:
Doses / Concentrations:
0.25%, 0.50%, 1.0-6.0%
Basis:
nominal in diet
No. of animals per sex per dose:
10 (treated), 20 (controls)
Control animals:
yes, plain diet
Details on study design:
- Dose selection rationale: no data
- Rationale for animal assignment (if not random): no data
- Rationale for selecting satellite groups: no satellite groups
Positive control:
none

Examinations

Observations and examinations performed and frequency:
CAGE SIDE OBSERVATIONS: Yes
- Time schedule: 5 days/week
- Cage side observations included: general physical appearance, gross signs of systemic toxicity and/or pharmacological effect, behaviour, mortality

DETAILED CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS: No

BODY WEIGHT: Yes
- Time schedule for examinations: weekly

FOOD CONSUMPTION AND COMPOUND INTAKE (if feeding study): Yes
- Time schedule for examinations: weekly
- Food consumption for each animal determined and mean daily diet consumption calculated as g food/kg body weight/day: Yes
- Compound intake calculated as mg/kg bw/day: Yes

FOOD EFFICIENCY: No

WATER CONSUMPTION: No

OPHTHALMOSCOPIC EXAMINATION: No

HAEMATOLOGY: Yes
- Time schedule for collection of blood: days 30 and 90
- Anaesthetic used for blood collection: No data
- Animals fasted: No data
- How many animals: 5/sex per group
- Parameters examined: microhaematocrit, haemoglobin, total and differential leukocyte count

CLINICAL CHEMISTRY: No

URINALYSIS: Yes
- Time schedule for collection of urine: days 30 and 90
- Metabolism cages used for collection of urine: No data
- Animals fasted: No data
- How many animals: 5/sex per group (samples pooled)
- Parameters examined: albumin, acetone, bilirubin, colour, occult blood, sugar, pH, appearance, microscopic examination of sediment

NEUROBEHAVIOURAL EXAMINATION: No
Sacrifice and pathology:
GROSS PATHOLOGY: Yes

ORGAN WEIGHTS: brain, thyroid, heart, liver, spleen, kidneys, adrenals, gonads (testes or ovaries)

HISTOPATHOLOGY: Yes
- brain, thyroid, parathyroid, heart, lung, liver, spleen, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, pancreas, kidney, urinary bladder, adrenal, gonad, lymph node, bone, bone marrow
- all listed tissues from 5/sex from high dose and controls examined
Other examinations:
none
Statistics:
Chi-squared test for comparing relative organ weights (but see 'Any other information on materials and methods')

Results and discussion

Results of examinations

Clinical signs:
no effects observed
Mortality:
no mortality observed
Body weight and weight changes:
no effects observed
Food consumption and compound intake (if feeding study):
no effects observed
Food efficiency:
not examined
Water consumption and compound intake (if drinking water study):
not examined
Ophthalmological findings:
not examined
Haematological findings:
no effects observed
Clinical biochemistry findings:
not examined
Urinalysis findings:
no effects observed
Behaviour (functional findings):
not examined
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
effects observed, treatment-related
Gross pathological findings:
no effects observed
Histopathological findings: non-neoplastic:
no effects observed
Histopathological findings: neoplastic:
no effects observed
Details on results:
CLINICAL SIGNS AND MORTALITY
- one male in low dose group died during week 9; cause of death was said to be unrelated to treatment
- occasional bloody encrustations of the eyes and nose
- otherwise no effects

BODY WEIGHT
- no effects

FOOD CONSUMPTION AND COMPOUND INTAKE (if feeding study)
- food consumption 87.8% of controls in females in high dose group during week 13
- otherwise no effects

FOOD EFFICIENCY
- not examined

WATER CONSUMPTION
- not examined

OPHTHALMOSCOPIC EXAMINATION
- not examined

HAEMATOLOGY
- no effects other than "occasional aberrant value"

CLINICAL CHEMISTRY
- not examined

URINALYSIS
- high albumin, positive findings for occult blood; but no differences between treated and control groups

NEUROBEHAVIOUR
- not examined

ORGAN WEIGHTS
- some statistically significant effects (but see 'Remarks on results')

GROSS PATHOLOGY
- no effects

HISTOPATHOLOGY: NON-NEOPLASTIC
- no effects

HISTOPATHOLOGY: NEOPLASTIC (if applicable)
- no effects

HISTORICAL CONTROL DATA (if applicable)
- no data

Effect levels

open allclose all
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
1 127 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Sex:
male
Basis for effect level:
other: see 'Remark'
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
1 243 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Sex:
female
Basis for effect level:
other: see 'Remark'

Target system / organ toxicity

Critical effects observed:
not specified

Any other information on results incl. tables

ACTUAL DOSE RECEIVED BY DOSE LEVEL BY SEX (means calculated from individual weekly dietary intake data)
0.25% M 182 mg/kg/day; F 216 mg/kg/day
0.5% M 374 mg/kg/day; F 427 mg/kg/day
1% M 1127 mg/kg/day; F 1243 mg/kg/day

Organ weights: The original report indicates that there were significant differences in some relative organ weights from treated groups compared 

to controls. 


Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
In a reliable study, the NOAEL for Alfol 6 in rats following 13 weeks dietary exposure was 1127 mg/kg bw/day for males and 1243 mg/kg bw/day for females (highest doses tested).