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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

1. Preamble1.1. Indications on Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for the professional user about guidance on safe use of petroleum products, in all its aspects, should take into account that applicable legislation and general accepted practices for the management of industrial routine activities or emergencies, as well as company operating procedures, already compose a background which indicates which general actions are necessary/mandatory, advisable or unadvisable in such cases. An extensive recapitulation of all this background information will not necessarily add information value to a SDS, and may actually decrease the readability of the document, especially in an emergency. Therefore the indications meant for actual inclusion in SDSs can be focused (although not necessarily limited) to:- Product specific issues (i.e. special hazards or characteristics)- Key Actions (or group of actions) that are applicable in the specific case1.2. The actual level of detail of information and its phrasing in individual SDSs may reflect local or national conventions or requirements, or company policies, but without infringing on the consistency with the information submitted hereunder. Also, more stringent national or local legal requirements or conventions will take precedence over the guidance provided in this document2. Warning before intervention 2.1 Spillage make surfaces slippery3. Inhalation3.1. At ambient temperature inhalation is unlikely because of the low vapour pressure of the substance.3.2. Symptoms: none expected at ambient temperature. Inhalation of fumes or oil mists produced at high temperatures may cause irritation of the respiratory tract3.3. In case of symptoms arising from inhalation of fumes or mists or vapours: Remove casualty to a quiet and well ventilated place if safe to do so3.4. If casualty is unconscious and:- Not breathing – ensure that there is no obstruction to breathing and give artificial respiration by trained personnel. If necessary, give external cardiac massage and obtain medical assistance.- Breathing – place in the recovery position. Administer oxygen if necessary. 3.5. Obtain medical assistance if breathing remains difficult.4. Skin Contact4.1 Symptoms: dry skin, irritation in case of repeated or prolonged exposure. May cause burn in case of contact with product at high temperature4.2 Remove contaminated clothing and footwear and dispose of safely.4.3 Wash affected area thoroughly with soap and water.4.4 Seek medical attention if skin irritation, swelling or redness develops and persists4.5 For minor thermal burns: Cool the burn. Hold the burned area under cold running water for at least five minutes, or until the pain subsides. However, body hypothermia must be avoided.4.6 Do not put ice on the burn; Remove non-sticking garments carefully. DO NOT attempt to remove portions of clothing glued to burnt skin but cut round them. 4.7 Seek medical attention in all cases of serious burns 5. Eye Contact5.1. Symptoms: slight irritation (unspecific). May cause burn in case of contact with product at high temperature5.2. Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do so. Continue rinsing.5.3. If irritation, blurred vision or swelling occurs and persists, obtain medical advice from a specialist5.4. If hot product is splashed into the eye, it should be cooled immediately to dissipate heat, under cold running water. Immediately obtain specialist medical assessment and treatment for the casualty.6. Ingestion6.1. Symptoms: few or no symptoms expected. If any, nausea and diarrhoea might occur.6.2. Do not induce vomiting. Ask for medical assistance6.3. Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person

Fire-fighting measures

1. Extinguishing Media - Foam (Specifically trained personnel only)- Water fog Specifically (trained personnel only)- Dry chemical powder- Carbon dioxide- Other inert gases (subject to regulations)- Sand or earth2. Unsuitable Extinguishing Media2.1. Do not use direct water jets on the burning product; they could cause splattering and spread the fire.2.2. Simultaneous use of foam and water on the same surface is to be avoided as water destroys the foam.3. Combustion Products3.1. Incomplete combustion is likely to give rise to a complex mixture of airborne solid and liquid particulates and gases, including carbon monoxide and unidentified organic and inorganic compounds.4. Protective Equipment for Firefighters4.1. In case of a large fire or in confined or poorly ventilated spaces wear full fire resistant protective clothing and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode.

Accidental release measures

1. General information1.1. Stop or contain leak at the source, if safe to do so. Avoid direct contact with released material.1.2. Keep non-involved personnel away from the area of spillage. Alert emergency personnel. Except in case of small spillages, the feasibility of any actions should always be assessed and advised, if possible, by a trained, competent person in charge of managing the emergency1.3. It is recommended to eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so (e.g. electricity, sparks, fires, flares).1.4. If required, notify relevant authorities according to applicable regulations.2. Personal protection equipment for emergency responders2.1. Small spillages: normal antistatic working clothes are usually adequate. Large spillages: full body suit of chemically resistant material, if necessary heat-resistant and insulated.2.2. Work gloves providing adequate chemical resistance, if necessary heat-resistant and insulated. Note: gloves made of PVA are not water-resistant, and are not suitable for emergency use.2.3. Work helmet. Antistatic non-skid safety shoes or boots, if necessary heat-resistant.2.4. Goggles or face shield, if splashes or contact with eyes is possible or anticipated.2.5. Respiratory protection: a half or full-face respirator with combined dust/organic vapour filter(s), or a Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA) can be used according to the extent of spill and predictable amount of exposure. If the situation cannot be completely assessed, or if an oxygen deficiency is possible, only SCBA’s should be used.3. Spillages onto land 3.1. Product in molten form: prevent product from entering sewers, rivers or other bodies of water. Note: solidified product may clog drains and sewers.3.2. If necessary dike the product with earth, sand or similar non-combustible materials. Let the material cool naturally.3.3. When inside buildings or confined spaces, ensure adequate ventilation. In case of solid product (e.g. flakes), avoid the generation and spreading of dust.3.4. Collect solidified product with suitable mechanical means (e.g. shovels). Transfer collected product and other contaminated materials to suitable containers for recycle, recovery or safe disposal. 4. Spillages on water or at sea4.1. In case of spillages in the water, the product will cool down rapidly and become solid, floating on the surface. Contain product with floating barriers or other equipment. Collect by skimming or other suitable mechanical means4.2. The use of dispersants should be advised by an expert, and, if required, approved by local authorities.4.3. Collect recovered product and other materials in suitable containers for recycle, recovery or safe disposal.5. Additional information5.1. Note: recommended measures are based on the most likely spillage scenarios for this material; however, local conditions (wind, air temperature, wave/current direction and speed) may influence the choice of appropriate actions. For this reason, local experts should be consulted when necessary. Local regulations may also prescribe or limit actions to be taken.

Handling and storage

1. General Information1.1. (Subject to applicability, CMR) Obtain special instructions before use1.2. Ensure that all relevant regulations regarding handling and storage facilities of combustible products are followed.1.3. Use and store only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.1.4. It is recommended to keep away from sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking1.5. Avoid contact with the hot product.1.6. Avoid release to the environment.2. Handling2.1. Avoid splash filling of bulk volumes when handling hot liquid product2.2. Avoid contact with skin. Precautions should be taken to avoid skin burns when handling hot product.2.3. Avoid breathing dust/fume/vapours.2.4. Prevent the risk of slipping.2.5. Use personal protective equipment as required.2.6. For more information regarding protective equipment and operational conditions for a substance which is classified according to classification notes, see exposure scenarios. These risk management measures represent a worst case. For a non-classified substance proportionate information may be found in the Safety Data Sheet.3. Storage3.1. Storage area layout, tank design, equipment and operating procedures must comply with the relevant European, national or local legislation.3.2. Protect drains from spills and prevent entry of molten material, since this may result in blockage on cooling.3.3. Cleaning, inspection and maintenance of internal structure of storage tanks must be done only by properly equipped and qualified personnel as defined by national, local or company regulations. 3.4. Store separately from oxidising agents.4. Recommended and Unsuitable Materials for Storage4.1. Recommended materials: Liquid product: For containers, or container linings use mild steel, stainless steel. Solid product: plastic bags - compatibility should be checked with the manufacturer.4.2. Unsuitable materials: Some synthetic materials may be unsuitable for containers or container linings depending on the material specification and intended use. Compatibility should be checked with the manufacturer. 5. Container AdviceIf the product is supplied in containers:5.1. Keep only in the original container or in a suitable container for this kind of product. 5.2. Keep containers tightly closed and properly labelled.5.3. Empty containers may contain combustible product residues. Do not weld, solder, drill, cut or perform similar operations on or near containers unless they have been properly cleaned. 6. Hygiene measures6.1. Ensure that proper housekeeping measures are in place.6.2. Contaminated materials should not be allowed to accumulate in the workplaces and should never be kept inside the pockets.6.3. Keep away from food and beverages.6.4. Do not eat, drink or smoke while using this product.6.5. Wash the hands thoroughly after handling.6.6. Change contaminated clothes at the end of working shift.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport
Chemical name:
See EC / CAS name listed in Concawe for this category
Language:
English
Labels:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport. Mark for elevated temperature substances. Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles.

Marks
Environmentally hazardous substance mark.
Special provisions / remarks
Special provisions:
Marks
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Remarks:
None.

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Chemical name:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport. See EC / CAS name listed in Concawe for this category
Language:
English
Labels:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport. Mark for elevated temperature substances.
Special provisions / remarks
Remarks:
Special provisions
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Chemical name:
See EC / CAS name listed in Concawe for this category
Labels:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport. Mark for elevated temperature substances.

Marks
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Special provisions
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Special provisions / remarks
Remarks:
14.5 Marine Pollutant
No

14.6 Special precautions for user
Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage
14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.

Special Provisions
None

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport.
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport. The substance is forbidden on cargo aircraft. The substance is forbitten on passenger and cargo aircraft.
Chemical name:
See EC / CAS name listed in Concawe for this category
Labels:
Not applicable. Not classified as dangerous for transport. The substance is forbidden on cargo aircraft. The substance is forbitten on passenger and cargo aircraft. Mark for elevated temperature substances.
Special provisions / remarks
Remarks:
14.5 Environmentally hazardous substance
No
14.6 Special precautions for user
Refer to Section 7 of the SDS, Handling & Storage

Additional transport information

Additional information
Special provisions / remarks / other:
Preamble 0.1
The transportation of dangerous goods (by land, water or air) is a specialized professional field. Dangerous goods transport is regulated by an extensive body of recommendations, regulations, rules and agreements to ensure an adequate and harmonized level of safety for man and environment. Whereas some of these requirements have been adopted as European Union legislation (see reference), others are legally binding international treaties or sector agreements. They cover all the relevant technical aspects involved in the transport of dangerous goods (e.g. choice of equipment, labelling, documentation, packaging design, testing procedures, operating procedures etc.).
0.2
In addition to legal obligations discussed in the previous paragraph, Member states will also have in place detailed binding regulations governing the general conduct of transport activities, including licensing and inspection of vehicles, the authorization of drivers and other personnel, and issues relating to the rules of the road. There may also be specific national exceptions and requirements. 0.3
The legal framework and its accompanying detailed provisions will specify which actions are necessary/mandatory, advisable or forbidden. Extensive repetition of this background information is not practicable in a safety data sheet and could make the document too long and difficult to read and understand, especially in an emergency when clear, brief information is needed.
0.4
The consideration of this background information enables the content of the safety data sheet to be concentrated on the identification of a product's proper shipping name and its hazard classification. Where it is relevant, other information may be added. This information will act as key for the professional for retrieving the necessary specific information in the relevant body of transport codes, rules and regulations.
0.5
Substances in this category may be classified differently. Factors affecting classification include composition, closed flash point, initial boiling point and aquatic toxicity. The differences are explained in additional transport information paragraphs that have been numbered.

Exposure controls / personal protection

Note: In this case the information in heading 8 is not required, according to Art. 14 (1) and (2), and Annex VI, Sect. 5.6 of the Regulation.(If applicable, substance registered as an isolated or transported intermediate). Please refer to the assessment report on Risk Management Measures in Section 13 which provides the required information on Strictly Controlled Conditions for the registration of this isolated/transported intermediate.

Stability and reactivity

Disposal considerations