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Toxicological information

Repeated dose toxicity: dermal

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Reliability:
4 (not assignable)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Secondary Literature

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
secondary source
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2006

Materials and methods

Principles of method if other than guideline:

A repeated dose dermal toxicity study was conducted for propanoic acid, 2,2-dimethyl- (CAS# 75-98-9) in male rabbits (Hazelton Laboratories Inc., 1964). Test material in isopropyl alcohol solution was repeatedly applied to the shaved intact skin of albino rabbits 5 days/week for two weeks (for a total of 10 applications) at doses of 30 or 300 mg/kg/day. Slight to moderate irritation at the low dose and moderate to marked irritation at the high dose was observed. Slight or moderate erythema, atonia, and desquamation were seen at the low dose. At the high dose, skin irritation consisted of moderate erythema, slight to marked edema, moderate or marked atonia and desquamation. Some dermal necrosis at the site of application was seen in three rabbits and persisted throughout the study. Control animals that received only the solvent (isopropyl alcohol) showed slight irritation. There were no signs of systemic toxicity attributable to dermal absorption of propanoic acid, 2,2-dimethyl-. The NOAEL for systemic toxicity in this study was 300 mg/kg.

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

Results and discussion

Effect levels

Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
300 mg/kg bw/day (nominal)
Sex:
male

Target system / organ toxicity

Critical effects observed:
not specified

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Executive summary:

A repeated dose dermal toxicity study was conducted for propanoic acid, 2,2-dimethyl- (CAS# 75-98-9) in male rabbits (Hazelton Laboratories Inc., 1964). Test material in isopropyl alcohol solution was repeatedly applied to the shaved intact skin of albino rabbits 5 days/week for two weeks (for a total of 10 applications) at doses of 30 or 300 mg/kg/day. Slight to moderate irritation at the low dose and moderate to marked irritation at the high dose was observed. Slight or moderate erythema, atonia, and desquamation were seen at the low dose. At the high dose, skin irritation consisted of moderate erythema, slight to marked edema, moderate or marked atonia and desquamation. Some dermal necrosis at the site of application was seen in three rabbits and persisted throughout the study. Control animals that received only the solvent (isopropyl alcohol) showed slight irritation. There were no signs of systemic toxicity attributable to dermal absorption of propanoic acid, 2,2-dimethyl-. The NOAEL for systemic toxicity in this study was 300 mg/kg.